June 8 events in history

68 The Roman Senate proclaims Galba as emperor
218 Battle of Antioch: with the support of the Syrian legions, Elagabalus defeats the forces of emperor Macrinus. He flees, but is captured near Chalcedon and later executed in Cappadocia
632 Muhammad, Islamic prophet, dies in Medina and is succeeded by Abu Bakr who becomes the first caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate
793 Vikings raid the abbey at Lindisfarne in Northumbria, commonly accepted as the beginning of the Scandinavian invasion of England
1042 Edward the Confessor becomes King of England, one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England
1191 Richard I arrives in Acre (Palestine) thus beginning his crusade
1405 Richard le Scrope, the Archbishop of York, and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, are executed in York on Henry IV's orders
1690 Yadi Sakat, a Siddi general, razes the Mazagon Fort in Mumbai
1776 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Trois-Rivières – American attackers are driven back at Trois-Rivières, Quebec
1783 Laki, a volcano in Iceland, begins an eight-month eruption which kills over 9,000 people and starts a seven-year famine
1789 James Madison introduces twelve proposed amendments to the United States Constitution in the House of Representatives; by 1791, ten of them are ratified by the state legislatures and become the Bill of Rights; another is eventually ratified in 1992 to become the 27th Amendment
1794 Robespierre inaugurates the French Revolution's new state religion, the Cult of the Supreme Being, with large organized festivals all across France
1856 A group of 194 Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the mutineers of HMS Bounty, arrives at Norfolk Island, commencing the Third Settlement of the Island
1861 American Civil War: Tennessee secedes from the Union
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Cross Keys – Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson save the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan
1887 Herman Hollerith applies for US patent #395,791 for the 'Art of Applying Statistics' – his punched card calculator
1906 Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value
1912 Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures
1928 Second Northern Expedition: The National Revolutionary Army captures Peking, whose name is changed to Beijing ("Northern Capital")
1929 Margaret Bondfield is appointed Minister of Labour. She is the first woman appointed to the Cabinet of the United Kingdom
1940 World War II: the completion of Operation Alphabet, the evacuation of Allied forces from Narvik at the end of the Norwegian Campaign
1941 World War II: Allies invade Syria and Lebanon
1942 World War II: The Japanese imperial submarines I-21 and I-24 shell the Australian cities of Sydney and Newcastle
1948 Milton Berle hosts the debut of Texaco Star Theater
1949 The celebrities Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members
1949 George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four is published
1950 Sir Thomas Blamey becomes the only Australian-born Field Marshal in Australian history
1953 An F5 tornado hits Beecher, Michigan, killing 116, injuring 844, and destroying 340 homes
1953 The United States Supreme Court rules that restaurants in Washington, D.C., cannot refuse to serve black patrons
1959 The USS Barbero and United States Postal Service attempt the delivery of mail via Missile Mail
1966 An F-104 Starfighter collides with XB-70 Valkyrie prototype no. 2, destroying both planes during a photo shoot near Edwards Air Force Base. Joseph A. Walker, a NASA pilot, and Carl Cross, a United States Air Force test pilot, are both killed
1966 Topeka, Kansas, is devastated by a tornado that registers as an "F5" on the Fujita Scale: the first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed
1967 Six-Day War: The USS Liberty incident occurs, killing 34 and wounding 171
1967 Six-Day War: The Israeli army enters Hebron and the Cave of the Patriarchs
1968 Robert F. Kennedy's funeral takes place at the Basilica of St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York City
1972 Vietnam War: The Associated Press photographer Nick Ut takes his Pulitzer Prize-winning photo of a naked 9-year-old Phan Thị Kim Phúc running down a road after being burned by napalm
1982 Bluff Cove Air Attacks during the Falklands War: 56 British servicemen are killed by an Argentine air attack on two landing ships, RFA Sir Galahad and RFA Sir Tristram
1984 Homosexuality is declared legal in the Australian state of New South Wales
1987 New Zealand's Labour government establishes a national nuclear-free zone under the New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act 1987
1992 The first World Ocean Day is celebrated, coinciding with the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1995 The downed U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O'Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines in Bosnia
2004 The first Venus Transit in modern history takes place, the previous one being in 1882
2007 Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, is hit by the State's worst storms and flooding in 30 years resulting in the death of nine people and the grounding of a trade ship, the MV Pasha Bulker
2009 Two American journalists are found guilty of illegally entering North Korea and sentenced to 12 years of penal labour
2013 The Wedding of Princess Madeleine of Sweden and Christopher O'Neill takes place in Stockholm, Sweden