Born on June 9

1075 Lothair II Holy Roman Emperor Duke of Saxony as well as King of Germany from 1125 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1133 until his death. The son of the Saxon count Gebhard of Supplinburg, his reign was troubled by the constant intriguing of the Hohenstaufen duke Frederick II of Swabia and Duke Conrad of Franconia. He died whilst returning from a successful campaign against the Norman Kingdom of Sicily
1309 Rupert I Elector Palatine Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1353 to 1356, and Elector Palatine from 10 January 1356 to 16 February 1390.
1424 Blanche II of Navarre the daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre. She was also Princess of Asturias by marriage
1526 Matsudaira Hirotada the lord of Okazaki Castle in Mikawa province, Japan during the Sengoku Period of the 16th century. He is best known for being the father of Tokugawa Ieyasu, founder of the Tokugawa Shogunate
1580 Daniel Heinsius one of the most famous scholars of the Dutch Renaissance.
1588 Johann Andreas Herbst a German composer and music theorist of the early Baroque era. He was a contemporary of Michael Praetorius and Heinrich Schütz, and like them, assisted in importing the grand Venetian style and the other features of the early Baroque into Protestant Germany
1595 Władysław IV Vasa a Polish and Swedish prince from the House of Vasa. He reigned as King of Poland from 8 November 1632 to his death in 1648
1597 Pieter Jansz. Saenredam Saenredam was a painter of the Dutch Golden Age, known for his distinctive paintings of whitewashed church interiors
1640 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
1661 Feodor III of Russia the Tsar of all Russia between 1676 and 1682.
1669 Leonty Magnitsky a Russian mathematician and educator.
1672 Peter the Great I or Pyotr Alexeyevich ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his half-brother. Through a number of successful wars he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political system with one that was modern, scientific, westernized, and based on The Enlightenment
1686 Andrey Osterman a German-born Russian statesman who came to prominence under Tsar Peter I of Russia and served until the accession of the Tsesarevna Elizabeth. His foreign policy was based upon the Austrian alliance. General Admiral
1690 Michel-Étienne Turgot prévôt des marchands de Paris from 1729 to 1740. His name is associated to one of the most famous maps of Paris, the "Plan de Turgot" , a detailed bird-eye view of Paris realized by Louis Bretez from 1734 to 1739
1697 Augustus Louis Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen.
1732 Giuseppe Demachi a composer born in Alessandria, Italy. He served as a leading violinist in the city of his birth and later in the city of Geneva with the Concerto di Ginevra of the Societé de Musique. He also served in the employ of one Count Sannazzaro in the 1760s and 1770s at Casale Monferrato. Not much is known about his life or death. Other than the records of his birth in 1732, his next known appearance in history is in 1763 when he was listed as playing in Alessandria's orchestra. After 1777 he again falls into obscurity until his last verifiable appearance during some concerts in London in 1791. The date of his death is not known, but is believed to have been shortly after his performances in London
1766 Anton Weidinger an Austrian trumpet virtuoso in the classical era, and a "k. Hof- und Theater-Trompeter"
1768 Samuel Slater an early English-American industrialist known as the "Father of the American Industrial Revolution" and the "Father of the American Factory System." In the UK he was called "Slater the Traitor" because he brought British textile technology to America, modifying it for United States use. He learned textile machinery as an apprentice to a pioneer in the British industry. Immigrating to the United States at the age of 21, he designed the first textile mills, and later went into business for himself, developing a family business with his sons. A wealthy man, he eventually owned thirteen spinning mills, and had developed tenant farms and company towns around his textile mills, such as Slatersville, Rhode Island
1774 Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall an Austrian orientalist.
1775 Georg Friedrich Grotefend a German epigraphist and philologist. He is known mostly for his contributions toward the decipherment of cuneiform
1781 George Stephenson an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer who built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use steam locomotives, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which opened in 1830. Renowned as the "Father of Railways", the Victorians considered him a great example of diligent application and thirst for improvement, with self-help advocate Samuel Smiles particularly praising his achievements. His rail gauge of 4 feet 8 1⁄2 inches , sometimes called "Stephenson gauge", is the standard gauge by name and by convention for most of the world's railways
1787 Frédéric Cailliaud a French naturalist, mineralogist and conchologist. He was born, and died, in Nantes
1790 Abel-François Villemain a French politician and writer.
1792 Peter Andreivich Dannenberg a Russian general, particularly notable for his command during the Crimean War.
1796 Carl Ludwig Blume a German-Dutch botanist.
1805 Victor Baltard a French architect.
1805 Johann Friedrich Klotzsch a German pharmacist and botanist.
1806 Louis III Grand Duke of Hesse Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1848 until his death in 1877.
1806 Ernst von Bibra a German Naturalist and author. Ernst was a botanist, zoologist, metallurgist, chemist, geographer, travel writer, novelist, duellist, art collector and trailblazer in ethnopsychopharmacology
1809 Guglielmo Massaia an Italian Catholic missionary, Capuchin and Cardinal. His baptismal name was Lorenzo; he took Guglielmo as religious name
1810 Otto Nicolai a German composer, conductor, and founder of the Vienna Philharmonic. Nicolai is best known for his operatic version of Shakespeare's comedy The Merry Wives of Windsor as Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor. In addition to five operas, Nicolai composed lieder, works for orchestra, chorus, ensemble, and solo instruments
1812 Johann Gottfried Galle a German astronomer from Radis, Germany, at the Berlin Observatory who, on 23 September 1846, with the assistance of student Heinrich Louis d'Arrest, was the first person to view the planet Neptune and know what he was looking He used the calculations of Urbain Le Verrier to know where to look.
1815 Alexander Kotzebue a German-Russian Romantic painter of historical scenes and battle scenes.
1820 Vasily Timm a Russian painter and graphical artist of German descent, whose paintings and lithographies documented the life and institutions of Imperial Russia.
1829 Nikolai Fyodorovich Fyodorov a Russian Orthodox Christian philosopher, who was part of the Russian cosmism movement and a precursor of transhumanism. Fyodorov advocated radical life extension, physical immortality and even resurrection of the dead, using scientific methods
1829 Gaetano Braga an Italian composer and cellist.
1832 Antoine Gustave Droz born in Paris.
1835 Ramón Barros Luco President of Chile between 1910 and 1915.
1836 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson an English physician and feminist, the first Englishwoman to qualify as a physician and surgeon in Britain, the co-founder of the first hospital staffed by women, the first dean of a British medical school, the first female doctor of medicine in France, the first woman in Britain to be elected to a school board and, as Mayor of Aldeburgh, the first female mayor and magistrate in Britain.
1837 Michael Rua an Italian Catholic priest, a student of John Bosco and first collaborator in the founding of the Salesians of Don Bosco. He was the second Rector Major of the Salesians, and has been beatified by the Catholic Church
1840 Akaki Tsereteli a prominent Georgian poet and national liberation movement figure.
1843 Bertha von Suttner an Austrian pacifist and novelist. In 1905 she was the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, thus being the second female Nobel laureate after Marie Curie's 1903 award
1844 Leonid Sobolev an Imperial Russian Army general and politician.
1845 Frank Norton an American professional baseball player, who played in one game for the Washington Olympics on May 5, 1871. He struck out in his only at-bat and played third base and outfield in the game
1849 Michael Ancher a Danish impressionist artist. He is remembered above all for his paintings of fishermen and other scenes from the Danish port of Skagen. He is probably one of Denmark's most popular artists
1850 Wilhelm Roux a German zoologist and pioneer of experimental embryology.
1851 Charles Bonaparte (Attorney General) an American lawyer and political activist for progressive and liberal causes. Originally from Baltimore, Maryland. he served in the cabinet of the 26th U.S. President, Theodore Roosevelt
1854 John F. Shafroth a United States Representative, Senator, and Governor from Colorado. Born in Fayette, Missouri, he attended the common schools and graduated from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1875. He studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1876 and commenced practice in Fayette. He moved to Denver, Colorado in 1879 and continued the practice of law. He was city attorney from 1887 to 1891 and was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-fourth Congress as a Representative. He then joined other Colorado officials such as Senator Henry Teller, splitting from the Republicans to join the Silver Republican third party, on whose ticket he was reelected to the Fifty-fifth, Fifty-sixth, and Fifty-seventh Congresses; he presented credentials as a Democratic Member-elect to the Fifty-eighth Congress and served from March 4, 1895, until his resignation on February 15, 1904, when he declared his conviction that his opponent, Robert Bonynge, had been duly elected – after which he was often referred to as "Honest John."
1854 Gerard Bolland Johannes Petrus Josephus Bolland , also known as G.J.P.J. Bolland, was a Dutch autodidact , linguist, philosopher, biblical scholar, and lecturer. An excellent orator, he gave extremely well attended public lectures in Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht, Delft, Groningen, Nijmegen and Belgium
1856 A. D. Gordon Aaron David Gordon , more commonly known as D. Gordon, was a Zionist ideologue and the spiritual force behind practical Zionism and Labor Zionism. He founded Hapoel Hatzair, a movement that set the tone for the Zionist movement for many years to come. Influenced by Leo Tolstoy and others, it is said that in effect he made a religion of labor. However, he himself wrote in 1920, "Surely in our day it is possible to live without religion."