June 9 events in history

53 The Roman Emperor Nero marries Claudia Octavia
68 The Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, after quoting Homer's Iliad, thus ending the Julio-Claudian dynasty and starting the civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors
721 Odo of Aquitaine defeats the Moors in the Battle of Toulouse
747 Abbasid Revolution: Abu Muslim Khorasani, Arab military leader, begins an open revolt against Umayyad rule, which is carried out under the sign of the Black Standard
1311 Duccio's Maestà Altarpiece, a seminal artwork of the early Italian Renaissance, is unveiled and installed in Siena Cathedral in Siena, Italy
1534 Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the Saint Lawrence River
1650 The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It is the first legal corporation in the Americas
1667 Second Anglo-Dutch War: The Raid on the Medway by the Dutch fleet begins. It lasts for five days and results in the worst ever defeat of the Royal Navy
1732 James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of the future U.S. state of Georgia
1762 British forces begin the Siege of Havana and capture the city during the Seven Years' War
1772 The British schooner Gaspée is burned off the coast of Rhode Island
1798 Irish Rebellion of 1798: Battle of Arklow and Battle of Saintfield
1815 End of the Congress of Vienna: the new European political situation is set
1856 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa, and head west for Salt Lake City carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts
1862 American Civil War: Stonewall Jackson concludes his successful Shenandoah Valley Campaign with a victory in the Battle of Port Republic; his tactics during the campaign are now studied by militaries around the world
1863 American Civil War: Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia
1873 Alexandra Palace in London burns down after being open for only 16 days
1885 Treaty of Tientsin is signed to end the Sino-French War, with China eventually giving up Tonkin and Annam – most of present-day Vietnam – to France
1900 Birsa Munda, an important figure in the Indian independence movement, dies in a British prison under mysterious circumstances
1915 William Jennings Bryan resigns as Woodrow Wilson's Secretary of State over a disagreement regarding the United States' handling of the sinking of the RMS Lusitania
1923 Bulgaria's military takes over the government in a coup
1928 Charles Kingsford Smith completes the first trans-Pacific flight in a Fokker Trimotor monoplane, the Southern Cross
1930 A Chicago Tribune reporter, Jake Lingle, is killed during rush hour at the Illinois Central train station by Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a $100,000 gambling debt owed to Al Capone
1934 Donald Duck makes his debut in The Wise Little Hen
1944 World War II: 99 civilians are hanged from lampposts and balconies by German troops in Tulle, France, in reprisal for maquisards attacks
1944 World War II: the Soviet Union invades East Karelia and the previously Finnish part of Karelia, occupied by Finland since 1941
1946 King Ananda Mahidol is found shot dead in his bedroom, Bhumibol Adulyadej ascends to the throne of Thailand. He is currently the world's longest reigning monarch
1948 Foundation of the International Council on Archives under the auspices of the UNESCO
1953 Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: a tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado hits in Worcester, Massachusetts, killing 94
1954 McCarthyism: Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army giving McCarthy the famous rebuke, "You've done enough. Have you no sense of decency, sir, at long last? Have you left no sense of decency?"
1957 First ascent of Broad Peak by Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl
1958 Queen Elizabeth II officially opens London's Gatwick Airport in Crawley, West Sussex, United Kingdom
1959 The USS George Washington is launched. It is the first submarine to carry ballistic missiles
1965 The civilian Prime Minister of South Vietnam, Phan Huy Quát, resigns after being unable to work with a junta led by Nguyễn Cao Kỳ
1965 Vietnam War: The Viet Cong commences combat with the Army of the Republic of Vietnam in the Battle of Dong Xoai, one of the largest battles in the war
1967 Six-Day War: Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria
1968 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a national day of mourning following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy
1972 Severe rainfall causes a dam in the Black Hills of South Dakota to burst, creating a flood that kills 238 people and causes $160 million in damage
1973 In horseracing, Secretariat wins the Triple Crown
1974 Portugal and the Soviet Union establish diplomatic relations
1978 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opens its priesthood to "all worthy men", ending a 148-year-old policy of excluding black men
1979 The Ghost Train fire at Luna Park Sydney (Australia) kills seven
1985 Thomas Sutherland is kidnapped in Lebanon. He will not be released until 1991
1999 Kosovo War: the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and NATO sign a peace treaty
2006 60th Anniversary Celebrations of Bhumibol Adulyadej's Accession