June 1923 in history

June 1923 events chronologically

Jun 9 Bulgaria's military takes over the government in a coup
Jun 18 Checker Taxi puts its first taxi on the streets
Jun 25 Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH-4B biplane

Top 7 most famous people born in June 1923

Jun 2 Lloyd Shapley a distinguished American mathematician and Nobel Prize–winning economist. He is a Professor Emeritus at University of California, Los Angeles , affiliated with departments of Mathematics and Economics. He has contributed to the fields of mathematical economics and especially game theory. Since the work of von Neumann and Morgenstern in 1940s, Shapley has been regarded by many experts as the very personification of game theory. With Alvin Roth, Shapley won the 2012 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences "for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design."
Jun 3 Igor Shafarevich a Russian mathematician who has contributed to algebraic number theory and algebraic geometry. He has written books and articles that criticize socialism, and was an important dissident during the Soviet regime
Jun 10 Robert Maxwell a Czechoslovakian-born British media proprietor and Member of Parliament. He rose from poverty to build an extensive publishing empire. His death revealed huge discrepancies in his companies' finances, including the Mirror Group pension fund, which Maxwell had fraudulently misappropriated
Jun 23 George Russell (composer) an American jazz pianist, composer, arranger and theorist. He is considered one of the first jazz musicians to contribute to general music theory with a theory of harmony based on jazz rather than European music, in his book Lydian Chromatic Concept of Tonal Organization
Jun 24 Yves Bonnefoy a French poet and essayist. Bonnefoy was born in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, the son of a railroad worker and a teacher. His works have been of great importance in post-war French literature, at the same time poetic and theoretical, examining the meaning of the spoken and written word. He has also published a number of translations, most notably Shakespeare as well as several works on art and art history, including Miró and Giacometti
Jun 25 Sam Francis an American painter and printmaker.
Jun 27 Elmo Hope an American jazz pianist, composer, and arranger, chiefly in the bebop and hard bop genres. Hope's contemporaries included Thelonious Monk and Bud Powell, and he grew up playing and listening to jazz and classical music with Powell

Top 7 most famous people died in June 1923

Jun 5 George Hendrik Breitner a Dutch painter and photographer. An important figure in Amsterdam Impressionism, he is noted especially for his paintings of street scenes and harbours in a realistic style. He painted en plein air, and became interested in photography as a means of documenting street life and atmospheric effects – rainy weather in particular – as reference materials for his paintings
Jun 9 Princess Helena of the United Kingdom the third daughter and fifth child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
Jun 9 Takeo Arishima a Japanese novelist, short-story writer and essayist during the late Meiji and Taishō periods. His two younger brothers, Ikuma Arishima and Ton Satomi were also authors
Jun 10 Pierre Loti a French novelist and naval officer.
Jun 14 Aleksandar Stamboliyski the prime minister of Bulgaria from 1919 until 1923. Stamboliyski was a member of the Agrarian Union, an agrarian peasant movement which was not allied to the monarchy, and edited their newspaper. He opposed the country's participation in World War I and its support for the Central Powers. In a famous incident during 1914 Stamboliyski's patriotism was challenged when members of the Bulgarian parliament questioned whether he was Bulgarian or not, to which he shouted in response "I am neither a Bulgarian nor a Serb, I am a South Slav !". This statement relates to his belief in a Balkan Federation which would unite the region and supersede many of the national identities which existed at the time. He was court-martialed and sentenced to life in prison in 1915
Jun 24 Edith Södergran a Swedish-speaking Finnish poet. She was one of the first modernists within Swedish-language literature and her influences came from French Symbolism, German expressionism and Russian futurism. At the age of 24 she released her first collection of poetry entitled Dikter. Södergran died at the age of 31, having contracted tuberculosis as a teenager, and did not live to experience the world wide appreciation of her poetry. Her poetry has influenced many lyrical poets, and Södergran is today considered to have been one of the greatest modern Swedish-language poets. Södergran continues to influence Swedish-language poetry and musical lyrics, e.g., in the works of Mare Kandre, Gunnar Harding, Eva Runefelt and Eva Dahlgren
Jun 29 Fritz Mauthner an Austro-Hungarian novelist, theatre critic, satirist and exponent of philosophical skepticism derived from a critique of human knowledge.