June 1944 in history

June 1944 events chronologically

Jun 4 World War II: Rome falls to the Allies, the first Axis capital to fall
Jun 4 World War II: A hunter-killer group of the United States Navy captures the German submarine U-505 – the first time a U.S. Navy vessel had captured an enemy vessel at sea since the 19th century
Jun 5 World War II: More than 1000 British bombers drop 5,000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries on the Normandy coast in preparation for D-Day
Jun 6 World War II: the Battle of Normandy begins. D-Day, code named Operation Overlord, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history
Jun 7 World War II: Battle of Normandy – At Abbey Ardennes, members of the SS Division Hitlerjugend massacre 23 Canadian prisoners of war
Jun 7 World War II: The steamer Danae, carrying 350 Cretan Jews and 250 Cretan partisans, is sunk without survivors off the shore of Santorini
Jun 9 World War II: the Soviet Union invades East Karelia and the previously Finnish part of Karelia, occupied by Finland since 1941

Top 7 most famous people born in June 1944

Jun 2 Marvin Hamlisch an American composer and conductor. He is one of only twelve people to win an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony. He is one of ten people to win three or more Oscars in one night and the only one other than a director or screenwriter to do He is one of only two people to have won those four prizes and a Pulitzer Prize. Hamlisch also won two Golden Globes
Jun 6 Phillip Allen Sharp an American geneticist and molecular biologist who co-discovered RNA splicing. He shared the 1993 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Richard Roberts for "the discovery that genes in eukaryotes are not contiguous strings but contain introns, and that the splicing of messenger RNA to delete those introns can occur in different ways, yielding different proteins from the same DNA sequence"
Jun 8 Marc Ouellet Armand Ouellet, P.S.S. is a Canadian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He is the present prefect of the Congregation for Bishops and concurrently president of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America since his appointment by Pope Benedict XVI on 30 June 2010. Previously, he was Archbishop of Quebec and Primate of Canada. He was elevated to the cardinalate by Pope John Paul II, on 21 October 2003. Ouellet was considered a contender to succeed Pope Benedict XVI, who resigned on 28 February 2013
Jun 13 Ban Ki-moon the eighth and current Secretary-General of the United Nations, after succeeding Kofi Annan in 2007. Before becoming Secretary-General, Ban was a career diplomat in South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and in the United Nations. He entered diplomatic service the year he graduated from university, accepting his first post in New Delhi, India. In the foreign ministry, he established a reputation for modesty and competence
Jun 21 Tony Scott an English film director and producer.
Jun 24 Jeff Beck an English rock guitarist. He is one of the three noted guitarists to have played with The Yardbirds. Beck also formed The Jeff Beck Group and Beck, Bogert & Appice
Jun 26 Gennady Zyuganov a Russian politician, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation , Chairman of the Union of Communist Parties - Communist Party of the Soviet Union , deputy of the State Duma , and a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.

Top 7 most famous people died in June 1944

Jun 5 Józef Beck served the Second Republic of Poland as diplomat and military officer, and close associate of Józef Piłsudski. He is most famous for being Polish foreign minister in the 1930s, when he largely set Polish foreign policy. He tried to fulfill Piłsudski's dream of making Poland the leader of a regional coalition. However, Beck was widely disliked and distrusted by other governments and they refused to cooperate with him. He was involved in territorial disputes with Lithuania and Czechoslovakia and pursued a policy of balance between Soviet Union and Nazi Germany. After Nazi Germany invaded Poland and threatened to take over Warsaw, he together with rest of the government evacuated to Romania
Jun 14 Fritz Witt a German Waffen-SS officer who served with the 1.SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler before taking command of the 12.SS-Panzer-Division Hitlerjugend. Witt was killed by an allied naval barrage in 1944
Jun 16 Marc Bloch a French historian who cofounded the highly influential Annales School of French social history. Bloch was a quintessential modernist. An assimilated Alsatian Jew from an academic family in Paris, he was deeply affected in his youth by the Dreyfus Affair. He studied at the elite École Normale Supérieure; in 1908–9 he studied at Berlin and Leipzig. He fought in the trenches of the Western Front for four years. In 1919 he became Lecturer in Medieval history at Strasbourg University, after the German professors were all expelled; he was called to the University of Paris in 1936 as professor of economic history. He is best known for his pioneering studies French Rural History and Feudal Society and his posthumously-published unfinished meditation on the writing of history, The Historian's Craft. He was captured and shot by the Gestapo during the German occupation of France for his work in the French Resistance
Jun 23 Eduard Dietl a German general of World War He was born in Bad Aibling, Bavaria. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords, awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jun 27 Vera Menchik a British-Czech chess player who gained renown as the world's first women's chess champion. She also competed in chess tournaments with some of the world's leading male chess masters, defeating many of them, including future World Champion Max Euwe
Jun 27 Milan Hodža a prominent Slovak politician and journalist, serving from 1935 to 1938 as the Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia. As a proponent of regional integration, he was famous for his attempts to establish a democratic federation of Central European states
Jun 28 Friedrich Dollmann a German general during World War II, most notably serving during the early phases of the D-Day Invasion. Because no biography of Dollmann's life and career exists, only outlines and second hand accounts remain. Born in 1882, Dollmann remained in the Reichswehr following service in World War I, eventually commanding Mobilization District Wehrkreis IV by 1936