June events in history

June 26, 4 Augustus adopted Tiberius
June 9, 53 The Roman Emperor Nero marries Claudia Octavia
June 8, 68 The Roman Senate proclaims Galba as emperor
June 9, 68 The Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, after quoting Homer's Iliad, thus ending the Julio-Claudian dynasty and starting the civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors
June 5, 70 Titus and his Roman legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem in the Siege of Jerusalem
June 24, 109 Roman emperor Trajan inaugurates the Aqua Traiana, an aqueduct that channels water from Lake Bracciano, 40 kilometres (25 miles) north-west of Rome
June 11, 173 Marcomannic Wars: The Roman army in Moravia is encircled by the Quadi, who have broken the peace treaty (171). In a violent thunderstorm emperor Marcus Aurelius defeats and subdues them in the so-called "miracle of the rain"
June 1, 193 The Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated
June 8, 218 Battle of Antioch: with the support of the Syrian legions, Elagabalus defeats the forces of emperor Macrinus. He flees, but is captured near Chalcedon and later executed in Cappadocia
June 26, 221 Roman Emperor Elagabalus adopts his cousin Alexander Severus as his heir and receives the title of Caesar
June 29, 226 Cao Pi dies after an illness; his son Cao Rui succeeds him as emperor of the Kingdom of Wei
June 13, 313 The Edict of Milan, signed by Constantine the Great and co-emperor Valerius Licinius granting religious freedom throughout the Roman Empire, is posted in Nicomedia
June 3, 350 The Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators
June 30, 350 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed in Rome by troops of the usurper Magnentius
June 16, 363 Emperor Julian marches back up the Tigris and burns his fleet of supply ships. During the withdrawal Roman forces suffering several attacks from the Persians
June 26, 363 Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the battlefield
June 7, 421 Emperor Theodosius II marries Aelia Eudocia. The wedding was celebrated at Constantinople (Byzantine Empire)
June 20, 451 Battle of Chalons: Flavius Aetius' battles Attila the Hun. After the battle, which was inconclusive, Attila retreats, causing the Romans to interpret it as a victory
June 2, 455 Sack of Rome: Vandals enter Rome, and plunder the city for two weeks
June 24, 474 Julius Nepos forces Roman usurper Glycerius to abdicate the throne and proclaims himself Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
June 25, 524 The Franks are defeated by the Burgundians in the Battle of Vézeronce
June 21, 533 A Byzantine expeditionary fleet under Belisarius sails from Constantinople to attack the Vandals in Africa, via Greece and Sicily
June 18, 618 Li Yuan becomes Emperor Gaozu of Tang, initiating three centuries of Tang Dynasty rule over China
June 11, 631 Emperor Taizong of Tang, the Emperor of China, sends envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk in order to seek the release of enslaved Chinese prisoners captured during the transition from Sui to Tang from the northern frontier; this embassy succeeded in freeing 80,000 Chinese men and women who were then returned to China
June 8, 632 Muhammad, Islamic prophet, dies in Medina and is succeeded by Abu Bakr who becomes the first caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate
June 16, 632 Yazdegerd III ascends to the throne as king (shah) of the Persian Empire. He becomes the last ruler of the Sasanian dynasty (modern Iran)
June 24, 637 The Battle of Moira is fought between the High King of Ireland and the Kings of Ulster and Dalriada. It is claimed to be the largest battle in the history of Ireland
June 10, 671 Emperor Tenji of Japan introduces a water clock (clepsydra) called Rokoku. The instrument, which measure time and indicates hours, is placed in the capital of Ōtsu
June 26, 687 Pope Benedict II chosen
June 26, 699 En no Ozuno, a Japanese mystic and apothecary who will later be regarded as the founder of a folk religion Shugendō, is banished to Izu Ōshima
June 3, 713 The Byzantine emperor Philippicus is blinded, deposed and sent into exile by conspirators of the Opsikion army in Thrace. He is succeeded by Anastasios II, who begins the reorganization of the Byzantine army
June 9, 721 Odo of Aquitaine defeats the Moors in the Battle of Toulouse
June 9, 747 Abbasid Revolution: Abu Muslim Khorasani, Arab military leader, begins an open revolt against Umayyad rule, which is carried out under the sign of the Black Standard
June 5, 754 Boniface, Anglo-Saxon missionary, is killed by a band of pagans at Dokkum in Frisia
June 11, 786 A Hasanid Alid uprising in Mecca is crushed by the Abbasids at the Battle of Fakhkh. Idris ibn Abdallah flees to the Maghreb, where he later founds the Idrisid dynasty
June 8, 793 Vikings raid the abbey at Lindisfarne in Northumbria, commonly accepted as the beginning of the Scandinavian invasion of England
June 25, 841 In the Battle of Fontenay-en-Puisaye, forces led by Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeat the armies of Lothair I of Italy and Pepin II of Aquitaine
June 15, 923 Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed and King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy
June 24, 972 Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces, takes place
June 2, 1010 The Battle of Aqbat al-Bakr took place in the context of the Fitna of al-Andalus resulting in a defeat for the Caliphate of Cordoba
June 4, 1039 Henry III becomes Holy Roman Emperor
June 8, 1042 Edward the Confessor becomes King of England, one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England
June 18, 1053 Battle of Civitate: Three thousand horsemen of Norman Count Humphrey rout the troops of Pope Leo IX
June 2, 1098 First Crusade: The first Siege of Antioch ends as Crusader forces take the city. The second siege would later start on June 7
June 28, 1098 Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosull
June 7, 1099 First Crusade: The Siege of Jerusalem begins
June 24, 1128 Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães: forces led by Alfonso I defeat forces led by his mother Teresa of León and her lover Fernando Pérez de Traba. After this battle, the future king calls himself "Prince of Portugal", the first step towards "official independence" that will be reached in 1139 after the Battle of Ourique
June 3, 1140 The French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy
June 29, 1149 Raymond of Poitiers is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din Zangi
June 14, 1158 Munich is founded by Henry the Lion on the banks of the river Isar