Born on March 1

350 Vetranio a Roman soldier and statesman, a native of the province of Moesia. He was an experienced soldier and officer when he was asked by Constantina, the sister of Roman Emperor Constantius II, to proclaim himself Caesar. Her brother Constans had been killed by Magnentius earlier that year and she probably thought Vetranio could protect her family and herself against the usurper. Vetranio accepted, and coins were minted in his name, showing the title of Augustus , rather than Caesar. Constantius first seemed to accept the new Emperor and his regalia and sent him money to raise an army. Vetranio frequently asked Constantius for money and military aid to fight Magnentius; he also sent letters to the emperor professing his loyalty to him. When negotiations deadlocked, Magnentius and Vetranio made an alliance; they sent an embassy to the emperor. The ambassadors met with the emperor in Heraclea in Thrace. Magnentius offered to marry his daughter to Constantius and to marry Constantia, the emperor's sister, in turn. But first, they required that the emperor lay down his arms and accept the honor as senior emperor. Constantius rejected their offer
1105 Alfonso VII of León and Castile born Alfonso Raimúndez, called the Emperor , became the King of Galicia in 1111 and King of León and Castile in 1126. Alfonso first used the title Emperor of All Spain, alongside his mother Urraca, once his mother vested him with the direct rule of Toledo in 1116. Alfonso later held another investiture in 1135 in a grand ceremony reasserting his claims to the Imperial title. He was the son of Urraca of León and Raymond of Burgundy, the first of the House of Burgundy to rule in the Iberian peninsula
1261 Hugh le Despenser 1st Earl of Winchester for a time the chief adviser to King Edward II of England.
1389 Antoninus of Florence an Italian Dominican friar, who ruled as an Archbishop of Florence. He is venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church
1432 Isabella of Coimbra a Portuguese infanta and a queen consort of Portugal as the first spouse of King Afonso V of Portugal.
1456 Vladislaus II of Hungary King of Bohemia from 1471 and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1490 until his death in 1516. He was also a knight of the Order of the Dragon
1547 Rudolph Goclenius a German scholastic philosopher who lived from March 1, 1547 to June 8, 1628. Gockel’s main contribution to science was his invention of the term “psychology” in 1590. Gockel also had extensive backing and significant contributions to the field of ontology. He extended on many ideas from Aristotle, such as both the introduction of ontology and metaphysics. Several of Gockel’s ideas were published and built upon by later philosophers. To this day, Gockel’s main contribution remains his terming of “psychology.”
1611 John Pell an English mathematician.
1616 Maurizio Cazzati a northern Italian composer of the seventeenth century.
1622 Jan Abrahamsz Beerstraaten a Dutch painter of marine art and landscapes, particularly of events of the First Anglo-Dutch War and Dutch-Swedish War.
1644 Simon Foucher a French polemic philosopher. His philosophical standpoint was one of Academic skepticism: he did not agree with dogmatism, but didn't resort to Pyrrhonism, either
1647 John de Brito a Portuguese Jesuit missionary and martyr, often called "the Portuguese Francis Xavier" by Indian Catholics.
1656 Maria Angela Caterina d'Este an Italian born Princess of Modena who was later the Princess of Carignano by marriage. She was the wife of Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy, Prince of Carignano. In France she was known as Angélique Catherine d'Este and in Modena and Savoy she was known as Maria Caterina d'Este. She is an ancestor of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and thus the whole present pretending Italian Royal Family. She is also an ancestor of the pretender of France
1657 Samuel Werenfels a Swiss theologian. He was a major figure in the move towards a "reasonable orthodoxy" in Swiss Reformed theology
1683 6th Dalai Lama the sixth Dalai Lama. He was a Monpa by ethnicity and was born at Urgelling Monastery, 5 kilometres from Tawang Town, India and not far from the large Tawang Monastery in the northwestern part of present-day Arunachal Pradesh
1683 Caroline of Ansbach queen of Great Britain as the wife of King George II.
1690 Silvio Valenti Gonzaga an Italian nobleman and Catholic priest.
1691 Conrad Beissel the German-born religious leader who in 1732 founded the Ephrata Community in Pennsylvania, USA.
1701 Johann Jakob Breitinger a Swiss philologist and author.
1714 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Menshikov a son of Prince Menshikov who, at one stage, was betrothed to Grand Duchess Natalya Alexeyevna, a granddaughter of Peter the Great. He later served as an officer in the Russian army
1721 Juan Crespí a Franciscan missionary and explorer of Las Californias. A native of Majorca, Crespí entered the Franciscan order at the age of seventeen. He came to New Spain in 1749, and accompanied explorers Francisco Palóu and Junípero Serra. In 1767 he went to the Baja Peninsula and was placed in charge of the Misión La Purísima Concepción de Cadegomó
1732 William Cushing an early Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, from its inception to his death. He was the longest-serving of the Court's original members, sitting on the bench for 21 years. Had he accepted George Washington's appointment, he would have become the third Chief Justice of the United States
1753 Alleyne FitzHerbert 1st Baron St Helens a British diplomat. He was a friend of explorer George Vancouver, who named Mount Helens in what is now Washington after him
1757 Étienne Pierre Ventenat a French botanist born in Limoges. He was the brother of naturalist Louis Ventenat
1760 François Buzot a French politician and leader of the French Revolution.
1766 Ernst zu Münster a German statesman, politician and minister in the service of the House of Hanover.
1769 François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers a French general of the Revolutionary Wars.
1770 Louis-Pierre Montbrun appointed to command his regiment, having served therein from trooper upwards.
1774 Magdalene of Canossa an Italian Religious Sister and foundress. She was a leading advocate for the poor in her region, and has been canonized by the Catholic Church
1778 Chrétien Géofroy Nestler an Alsatian botanist and pharmacist.
1779 Gottfried Weber a prominent German writer on music , composer, and jurist.
1781 Javiera Carrera a member of one of the most aristocratic Chilean families, the Carrera family of Basque origin, who actively participated in the Chilean War of Independence. Together with her brothers José Miguel, Juan José and Luis, they were some of most important leaders of the early Chilean struggle for independence during the period known as the Patria Vieja. She is credited with having sewn the first national flag of Chile and is considered to be the "Mother of Chile"
1786 Baron Franz von Pillersdorf an Austrian statesman.
1788 Gheorghe Asachi a Moldavian-born Romanian prose writer, poet, painter, historian, dramatist and translator. An Enlightenment-educated polymath and polyglot, he was one of the most influential people of his generation. Asachi was a respected journalist and political figure, as well as active in technical fields such as civil engineering and pedagogy, and, for long, the civil servant charged with overseeing all Moldavian schools. Among his leading achievements were the issuing of Albina Românească, a highly influential magazine, and the creation of Academia Mihăileană, which replaced Greek-language education with teaching in Romanian. His literary works combined a taste for Classicism with Romantic tenets, while his version of the literary language relied on archaisms and borrowings from the Moldavian dialect
1789 John Ramsay McCulloch widely regarded as the leader of the Ricardian school of economists after the death of David Ricardo in 1823. He was appointed the first professor of political economy at University College London in 1828. He wrote extensively on economic policy, and was a pioneer in the collection, statistical analysis and publication of economic data
1792 Rudecindo Alvarado an Argentine general. He fought in the military campaigns of Manuel Belgrano, and in the Army of the Andes. He was governor of Mendoza. He left the country during the rule of Juan Manuel de Rosas, and returned in 1852 after Rosas' defeat at the battle of Caseros
1798 Archduchess Clementina of Austria an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Salerno upon her marriage to Prince Leopold of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Prince of Salerno.
1799 Alexey Verstovsky a Russian composer, musical bureaucrat and rival of Mikhail Glinka.
1799 Jonathan Carl Zenker a German naturalist born in Sundremda, located in the Saalfeld-Rudolstadt district.
1804 Franz Hanfstaengl a Bavarian painter, lithographer and photographer.
1807 Wilford Woodruff the fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1889 until his death. Woodruff's large collection of diaries provides an important record of Latter Day Saint history, and his decision to formally end the practice of plural marriage among the members of the LDS Church in 1890 brought to a close one of the most difficult periods of church history
1807 Franz Xaver Fieber a German botanist and entomologist.
1808 Edward "Ned" Kendall a bandleader and musician who played the keyed bugle. He was known for his Boston Brass Band, itself a pioneer in all-brass bands, and for a trumpet-playing showdown with the former leader of the Boston Brigade Band, Patrick Gilmore. He was also known for his silver bugle, a gift from Queen Victoria
1809 Robert Cornelius an American pioneer of photography and lamp manufacturer.
1810 Frédéric Chopin a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era, who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as one of the leading musicians of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw, and grew up in Warsaw, which after 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed many of his works in Warsaw before leaving Poland, aged 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising
1812 Augustus Pugin an English architect, designer, artist and critic, chiefly remembered for his pioneering role in the Gothic Revival style; his work culminated in the interior design of the Palace of Westminster. Pugin designed many churches in England, and some in Ireland and Australia. Pugin was the son of Auguste Pugin, and the father of E.W. and Peter Paul Pugin, who continued his architectural firm as Pugin & Pugin
1816 Kawatake Mokuami a Japanese dramatist of Kabuki. It has been said that "as a writer of plays of Kabuki origin, he was one of the greatest, if not the greatest, Japan has ever known." He wrote 150 or so plays over the course of his fifty year career, covering a wide variety of themes, styles, and forms, including short dance pieces, period plays , contemporary genre pieces , tragedies and comedies, as well as adaptations of foreign stories, though he is perhaps most famous for his shiranamimono, plays featuring sympathetic or tragic rogues and thieves. For the greater part of his career he wrote under the professional name Kawatake Shinshichi, only taking the name Mokuami on his retirement from the stage in 1881
1817 Giovanni Duprè an Italian sculptor, of distant French stock long settled in Tuscany, who developed a reputation second only to that of his contemporary Lorenzo Bartolini.
1819 Władysław Taczanowski a Polish zoologist.
1819 François-Marie-Benjamin Richard born at Nantes, Loire-Atlantique.