March 1 events in history

293 Emperor Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. This is considered the beginning of the Tetrarchy, known as the Quattuor Principes Mundi ("Four Rulers of the World")
317 Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares
350 Vetranio is asked by Constantina, sister of Constantius II, to proclaim himself Caesar
1457 The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination
1476 Forces of the Catholic Monarchs engage the combined Portuguese-Castilian armies of Afonso V and Prince John at the Battle of Toro
1562 Twenty-three Huguenots are massacred by Catholics in Wassy, France, marking the start of the French Wars of Religion
1565 The city of Rio de Janeiro is founded
1593 The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden
1628 Writs issued in February by Charles I of England mandate that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date
1633 Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu
1642 Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine), becomes the first incorporated city in the United States
1692 Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba are brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials
1700 Sweden introduces its own Swedish calendar, in an attempt to gradually merge into the Gregorian calendar, reverts to the Julian calendar on this date in 1712, and introduces the Gregorian Calendar on this date in 1753
1713 The siege and destruction of Fort Neoheroka begins during the Tuscarora War in North Carolina, effectively opening up the colony's interior to European colonization
1781 The Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation
1790 The first United States census is authorized
1803 Ohio is admitted as the 17th U.S. state
1805 Justice Samuel Chase is acquitted at the end of his impeachment trial by the U.S. Senate
1811 Leaders of the Mameluke dynasty are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali
1815 Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba
1836 A convention of delegates from 57 Texas communities convenes in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, to deliberate independence from Mexico
1845 President John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the United States to annex the Republic of Texas
1847 The state of Michigan formally abolishes capital punishment
1852 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1854 German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg
1867 Nebraska becomes the 37th U.S. state; Lancaster, Nebraska is renamed Lincoln and becomes the state capital
1868 The Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity is founded at the University of Virginia
1870 Marshal F.S. López dies during the Battle of Cerro Corá thus marking the end of the Paraguayan War
1872 Yellowstone National Park is established as the world's first national park
1873 E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter
1886 The Anglo-Chinese School, Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham
1893 Electrical engineer Nikola Tesla gives the first public demonstration of radio in St. Louis, Missouri
1896 Battle of Adowa: an Ethiopian army defeats an outnumbered Italian force, ending the First Italo-Ethiopian War
1896 Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity
1901 The Australian Army is formed
1910 The worst avalanche in United States history buries a Great Northern Railway train in northeastern King County, Washington, killing 96 people
1912 Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane
1914 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union
1917 The U.S. government releases the unencrypted text of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public
1919 March 1st Movement begins in Korea under Japanese rule
1921 The Australian cricket team captained by Warwick Armstrong becomes the first team to complete a whitewash of The Ashes, something that would not be repeated for 86 years
1932 The son of Charles Lindbergh, Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, is kidnapped
1936 The Hoover Dam is completed
1936 A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union
1939 A Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump explodes at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94
1941 World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact, allying itself with the Axis powers
1941 W47NV (now known as WSM-FM) begins operations in Nashville, Tennessee becoming the first FM radio station in the U.S
1946 The Bank of England is nationalised
1947 The International Monetary Fund begins financial operations
1950 Cold War: Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union by disclosing top secret atomic bomb data