Born on March 10

1415 Vasily II of Moscow the Grand Prince of Moscow whose long reign was plagued by the greatest civil war of Old Russian history.
1452 Ferdinand II of Aragon in his own right the King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479. As a consequence of his marriage to Isabella I, he was King of Castile jure uxoris as Ferdinand V from 1474 until her death in 1504. He was recognised as regent of Castile for his daughter and heir, Joanna, from 1508 until his own death. In 1504, after a war with France, he became King of Naples as Ferdinand III, reuniting Naples with Sicily permanently and for the first time since 1458. In 1512, he became King of Navarre by conquest after asserting a hereditary claim
1503 Ferdinand I Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death. Before his accession, he ruled the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburgs in the name of his elder brother, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
1528 Akechi Mitsuhide a general who lived during the Sengoku period of Feudal Japan.
1533 Francesco III Gonzaga Duke of Mantua Duke of Mantua and Marquess of Montferrat from 1540 until his death. He was the eldest son of Federico II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and his wife Margaret Paleologina. On 22 October 1549, he married Catherine, a daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I
1536 Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk an English nobleman.
1607 Thomas Wriothesley 4th Earl of Southampton a 17th-century English statesman, a staunch supporter of Charles II who would rise to the position of Lord High Treasurer after the English Restoration. His term as treasurer began concurrently with the assumption of power by the Clarendon Ministry, but his death would precede Lord Clarendon's impeachment from the House of Commons, after which the Cabal Ministry took over government
1620 Johann Heinrich Hottinger a Swiss philologist and theologian.
1622 Johann Rahn credited with the first use of the division symbol, ÷ and the therefore sign, ∴. He is known for his Teutsche algebra, the first time the Geteiltzeichen characters appear in print. The symbol is used in Teutsche Algebra, published in 1659. John Pell collaborated with Rahn in this book, which contains an example of the Pell equation, Pell-loading of the English translation of the book of Rahn. There is a controversy in Pell awards, rather than Rahn, authorship notations. Rahn was also, it seems, mayor of the city of Zurich in 1655
1628 Marcello Malpighi an Italian physician and biologist regarded as the father of microscopical anatomy and histology. Malpighi gave his name to several physiological features related to the biological excretory system, such as the Malpighian corpuscles and Malpighian pyramids of the kidneys and the Malpighian tubule system of insects. The splenic lymphoid nodules are often called the "Malpighian bodies of the spleen" or Malpighian corpuscles
1653 John Benbow an English officer in the Royal Navy. He joined the navy aged 25 years, seeing action against Algerian pirates before leaving and joining the merchant navy where he traded until the Glorious Revolution of 1688, whereupon he returned to the Royal Navy and was commissioned
1682 William VIII Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel ruled Hesse-Kassel from 1730 until his death, first as regent and then as landgrave.
1703 Peter Warren (Royal Navy officer) a British naval officer from Ireland who commanded the naval forces in the attack on the French fortress of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia in 1745. He later sat as MP for Westminster
1709 Georg Wilhelm Steller German botanist, zoologist, physician, and explorer
1745 John Gunby considered by many to be "one of the most gallant officers of the Maryland Line under Gen. Smallwood". He entered service volunteering as a minuteman in 1775 and fought for the American cause until the end earning praise as probably the most brilliant soldier whom Maryland contributed to the War of Independence. Gunby was also the grandfather of Senator Ephraim King Wilson II
1747 Iolo Morganwg an influential Welsh antiquarian, poet, collector, and literary forger. He was widely considered a leading collector and expert on medieval Welsh literature in his day, but after his death it was revealed that he had forged a large number of his manuscripts. Regardless, he had a lasting impact on Welsh culture, seen most notably in his foundation of the Gorsedd, and the philosophy he developed in his forgeries had a huge impact on the early neo-druid movement. His bardic name is Welsh for "Iolo of Glamorgan". Iolo is the diminutive of "Iorwerth", a Welsh name often seen as equivalent to "Edward", although neither name is a translation of the other
1748 John Playfair a Scottish scientist and mathematician, and a professor of natural philosophy at the University of Edinburgh. He is perhaps best known for his book Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of the Earth , which summarised the work of James Hutton. It was through this book that Hutton's principle of uniformitarianism, later taken up by Charles Lyell, first reached a wide audience. Playfair's textbook Elements of Geometry made a brief expression of Euclid's parallel postulate known now as Playfair's axiom
1749 Lorenzo Da Ponte a Venetian opera librettist and poet. He wrote the librettos for 28 operas by 11 composers, including three of Mozart's greatest operas, Don Giovanni, The Marriage of Figaro and Così fan tutte
1760 Henry Thornton (reformer) an English economist, banker, philanthropist and parliamentarian.
1762 Jeremias Benjamin Richter a German chemist. He was born at Hirschberg in Silesia, became a mining official at Breslau in 1794, and in 1800 was appointed assessor to the department of mines and chemist to the royal porcelain factory at Berlin, where he died. He is known for introducing the term stoichiometry
1766 Jean-Baptiste Broussier a French Divisional General of the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.
1766 Josef Aloys Frölich a German doctor, botanist and entomologist. He is not to be confused with Franz Anton Gottfried Frölich , his son, also an entomologist but specialising in Lepidoptera
1766 Andreas Samuel Krebs a Danish-Norwegian army officer.
1769 Joseph Williamson (philanthropist) best known for the tunnels which were constructed under his direction in the Edge Hill area of Liverpool, England. His philanthropy earned him the nickname the King of Edge Hill, whilst his tunnel-building activity earned him posthumous nicknames, including the Mole of Edge Hill and the Mad Mole
1771 Georg Friedrich Creuzer a German philologist and archaeologist.
1772 Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel a German poet, literary critic, philosopher, philologist and indologist. With his older brother, August Wilhelm Schlegel, he was one of the main figures of the Jena romantics. He was a zealous promoter of the Romantic movement and inspired Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Adam Mickiewicz and Kazimierz Brodziński. Schlegel was a pioneer in Indo-European studies, comparative linguistics, in what became known as Grimm's law, and morphological typology. As a young man he was an atheist, a radical, and an individualist. Ten years later, the same Schlegel converted to Catholicism. Around 1810 he was a diplomat and journalist in the service of Metternich, surrounded by monks and pious men of society
1776 Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen consort of Prussia as the wife of King Frederick William III. The couple's happy, though short-lived, marriage produced nine children, including the future monarchs Frederick William IV of Prussia and German Emperor Wilhelm I
1777 Louis Hersent a French painter.
1779 Frances Trollope an English novelist and writer who published as Mrs. Trollope or Mrs. Frances Trollope. Her first book, Domestic Manners of the Americans has been the best known, but she also published strong social novels: an anti-slavery novel said to influence the work of the American Harriet Beecher Stowe, the first industrial novel, and two anti-Catholic novels that used a Protestant position to examine self-making
1786 José María Vargas the President of Venezuela from 1835–1836.
1787 William Etty an English painter, best known for his paintings of nudes.
1787 Francisco de Paula Martínez de la Rosa y Berdejo a Spanish statesman and dramatist.
1788 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff a German poet and novelist of the later German romantic school.
1788 Edward Hodges Baily an English sculptor who was born in Downend in Bristol.
1791 Ángel de Saavedra 3rd Duke of Rivas a Spanish poet, dramatist and politician born in Devis. He is best known for his play Don Álvaro; o, La fuerza del sino , the first romantic success in the fatty theater
1794 Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain the youngest son of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma. He was a brother of Ferdinand VII, as well as uncle and father-in-law of Isabella II
1798 Pierre Frédéric Sarrus a French mathematician.
1804 Princess Ida of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym a princess of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym by birth as a daughter of Victor II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym. As the wife of Hereditary Prince Paul Frederick Augustus of Oldenburg she became an Hereditary Princess of Oldenburg by marriage
1810 Samuel Ferguson an Irish poet, barrister, antiquarian, artist and public servant. Perhaps the most important Ulster-Scot poet of the 19th century, because of his interest in Irish mythology and early Irish history he can be seen as a forerunner of William Butler Yeats and the other poets of the Irish Literary Revival
1810 John McCloskey an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was Archbishop of New York from 1864 until his death in 1885, having previously served as Bishop of Albany. In 1875, he became the first American cardinal
1810 Stanisław Kierbedź a Polish-Russian engineer and military officer. He served in the Imperial Russian Army with the rank of Major General. He designed and supervised the construction of dozens of bridges, railway lines, ports and other objects in Central and Eastern Europe
1818 Johan Vilhelm Gertner a Danish painter, best known for his portraiture. One of the last students of Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg, who was known as the father of the Golden Age of Danish Painting, Gertner belonged to the tail end of the Golden Age, a period during which Danish art moved towards a more realistic style, relying on inspiration both from French Realism and emerging photographic techniques
1822 Willem Roelofs a Dutch painter, water-colourist, etcher, lithographer and draughtsman. Roelofs was one of the forerunners of the Dutch Revival art, after the Romantic Classicism of the beginning of the 19th century, which led to the formation of The Hague school. His landscapes, especially the early ones with their dominating cloudy skies, demure bodies of water and populated with cattle, are typical for the School of Barbizon
1822 Josiah Latimer Clark an English Electrical Engineer, born in Great Marlow, Buckinghamshire.
1823 David Heaton an American attorney and politician, a US Representative from North Carolina. He earlier was elected to the state senates of Ohio and Minnesota
1823 Leopold Eidlitz a prominent New York architect best known for his work on the New York State Capitol , as well as "Iranistan" , T. Barnum's house in Bridgeport, Connecticut; Peter's Church, on Westchester Avenue at Peter's Avenue in the Bronx ; the former Temple Emanu-El ; the Broadway Tabernacle ; the completion of the Tweed Courthouse ; and the Park Presbyterian Chapel on West 86th Street and Amsterdam Avenue
1826 Louis-Ovide Brunet considered one of the founding fathers of Canadian botany.
1832 Heinrich Bellermann a German music theorist. He was the author of Der Contrapunkt , 1862, , and Die Grösse der musikalischen Intervalle als Grundlage der Harmonie , 1873
1833 Pedro Antonio de Alarcón a nineteenth-century Spanish novelist, author of the novel El Sombrero de Tres Picos. The story is an adaptation of a popular tradition and provides a lively picture of village life in Alarcón's native region of Andalusia. It was the basis for Hugo Wolf's opera Der Corregidor and Manuel de Falla's ballet The Three-Cornered Hat
1839 Heinrich Roller the inventor of a German shorthand system. Roller was also a writer of humorist texts and a professor at the "Journalistische Hochschule" in Berlin