Died on March 10

483 Pope Simplicius pope from 468 to his death in 483. He was born in Tivoli, Italy, the son of a citizen named Castinus. Most of what is known of him is derived from the Liber Pontificalis
948 Liu Zhiyuan the ethnically-Shatuo founder of the Later Han, the fourth of the Five Dynasties in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period of Chinese history. It, if the subsequent Northern Han is not considered part of its history, was also one of the shortest-lived states in Chinese history, lasting only three years
1030 Welf II Count of Swabia a Swabian count and a member of the Elder House of Welf. He was a younger son of Rudolf II, Count of Altdorf and Ida of Swabia
1039 Odo of Gascony Duke of Gascony from 1032 and then Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou from 1038.
1119 Muirchertach Ua Briain King of Munster and later self-declared High King of Ireland.
1149 Reginald I Count of Bar Count of Bar. Barrois, during the Middle Ages, was the territory of the counts and dukes of Bar, in the eastern part of present-day France, bordering Lorraine
1222 John I of Sweden a Swedish king elected in 1216.
1312 Casimir of Bytom a Duke of Opole during 1282–1284 and Duke of Bytom from 1284 until his death.
1315 Agnes Blannbekin an Austrian Beguine and Christian mystic. She was also referred to as Saint Agnes Blannbekin or the Venerable Agnes Blannbekin, though never beatified or canonized by the Roman Catholic Church. Her controversial revelations were compiled by her confessor Ermenrich and later published in 1731 as Venerabilis Agnetis Blannbekin. The copies were confiscated by the Society of Jesus, and only two manuscripts survived. One was destroyed in a fire at the Straßburg library in 1870. The surviving manuscript, currently owned by a Cistercian convent in Zwettl, Austria, was not released until the 20th century. Although Blannbekin is best remembered today for her visions, during her life she was known for her ministry to the urban population
1391 Tvrtko I of Bosnia the Ban of Bosnia during 1353–77, King of Bosnia and Serbia during 1377–91, and king of Croatia and Dalmatia after 1390. A member of the Bosnian Kotromanić dynasty which had ruled the Banate of Bosnia, he was a "politically adept and religiously tolerant ruler" and under his command Bosnia reached its peak and became the strongest power in the Balkans, conquering parts of what is today Serbia, Croatia and Montenegro
1429 John III Marquis of Namur between 1418 and 1429 the last independent Marquis of Namur.
1510 Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg a Swiss-born priest, considered one of the greatest of the popular preachers of the 15th century.
1513 John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford one of the principal Lancastrian commanders during the English Wars of the Roses.
1524 Salaì an Italian artist and pupil of Leonardo da Vinci from 1490 to 1518. Salai entered Leonardo's household at the age of 10. He created paintings under the name of Andrea Salai. He was described as one of Leonardo's students and lifelong servant and is the presumed model for Leonardo's paintings John the Baptist and Bacchus
1526 Janusz III of Masovia a Polish duke of Masovia, and the last male of the Masovian Piast dynasty.
1528 Balthasar Hubmaier an influential German/Moravian Anabaptist leader. He was one of the most well-known and respected Anabaptist theologians of the Reformation
1584 Thomas Norton an English lawyer, politician, writer of verse — but not, as has been claimed, the chief interrogator of Queen Elizabeth I.
1585 Rembert Dodoens a Flemish physician and botanist, also known under his Latinized name Rembertus Dodonaeus.
1588 Theodor Zwinger a Swiss physician and humanist scholar. He made significant contributions to the emerging genres of reference and travel literature. He was the first distinguished representative of a prominent early modern Basel academic family
1615 John Ogilvie (saint) a Scottish Catholic Jesuit martyr.
1670 Johann Rudolf Glauber a German-Dutch alchemist and chemist. Some historians of science have described him as one of the first chemical engineers. His discovery of sodium sulfate in 1625 led to the compound being named after him: "Glauber's salt"
1682 Jacob Isaacksz van Ruisdael considered the most famous of four Haarlem family members who created landscape paintings, though traditionally their works have been difficult to tell apart.
1719 Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond a French architect and garden designer who became the chief architect of Saint Petersburg in 1716.
1724 Urban Hjärne a Swedish chemist, geologist, physician and writer.
1730 Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska an Electress of Bavaria and of the Electorate of the Palatinate. She also served as Regent of the Palatinate in 1704–05
1746 Friedrich Wilhelm Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
1762 Jean Calas a merchant living in Toulouse, France, famous for having been the victim of a biased trial due to his being a Protestant. In France, he is a symbol of religious intolerance, along with Jean-François de la Barre and Pierre-Paul Sirven
1766 Jane Colden an American botanist,:53-4 described as the "first botanist of her sex in her country" by Asa Gray in 1843. Although not acknowledged in botanical publications, she wrote a number of letters resulting in botanist John Ellis writing to Carl Linnaeus of her work applying the Linnaean system of plant identification to American flora, "she deserves to be celebrated".:54 Contemporary scholarship maintains that she was the first female botanist working in America. She was regarded as a respected botanist by many prominent botanists such as: John Bartram, Peter Collinson, Alexander Garden, and Carolus Linnaeus. Colden is most famous for her manuscript which remains titleless, in which she describes the flora of the New York area, and draws ink drawings of 340 different species of them
1766 Vasilije Petrović the metropolitan bishop of Cetinje. Also, he wrote the history of Montenegro. He ruled together with Sava Petrović, his cousin
1772 Frederick III Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
1776 Niclas Sahlgren a Swedish merchant and philanthropist.
1776 Élie Catherine Fréron a French critic and controversialist whose career focused on countering the influence of the philosophes of the French Enlightenment, partly thorough his vehicle, the Année littéraire. Thus Fréron, in recruiting young writers to counter the literary Establishment became central to the movement now called the Counter-Enlightenment
1792 John Stuart 3rd Earl of Bute a Scottish nobleman who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain under George III, and was arguably the last important favourite in British politics. He was the first Prime Minister from Scotland following the Acts of Union in 1707
1796 William Chambers (architect) a Scottish-Swedish architect, based in London. Among his best-known works are Somerset House, London, and the pagoda at Kew. Chambers was a founder member of the Royal Academy
1806 François Denis Tronchet a French jurist.
1819 Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi an influential German philosopher, literary figure, socialite, and the younger brother of poet Johann Georg Jacobi. He is notable for coining the term nihilism and promoting it as the prime fault of Enlightenment thought particularly in the philosophical systems of Baruch Spinoza, Immanuel Kant, Johann Fichte and Friedrich Schelling. Instead of speculative reason, he advocated Glaube and revelation. In this sense, Jacobi anticipated present-day writers who criticize secular philosophy as relativistic and dangerous for religious faith. In his time, he was also well-known among literary circles for his critique of the Sturm and Drang movement, and implicitly close associate Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and its visions of atomized individualism. His literary projects were devoted to the reconciliation of Enlightenment individualism with social obligation
1823 George Elphinstone 1st Viscount Keith a British admiral active throughout the Napoleonic Wars.
1825 José de Bustamante y Guerra a Spanish naval officer, explorer, and politician. He was a native of Corvera de Toranzo in Cantabria, Spain
1825 Karl Mollweide a German mathematician and astronomer in Halle and Leipzig. In trigonometry, he discovered the formula known as Mollweide's formula. He invented a map projection called the Mollweide projection
1826 John VI of Portugal King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves from 1816 to 1822, and, although de facto the United Kingdom over which he ruled ceased to exist, he remained so de jure from 1822 to 1825; after the recognition of Brazilian independence under the 1825 Treaty of Rio de Janeiro, he continued as King of Portugal and the Algarves until his death in 1826. Under the said Treaty he also became Titular Emperor of Brazil for life, while his son, Emperor Pedro I, was both de facto and de jure the monarch of the newly independent country
1832 Muzio Clementi an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Born in Rome, he spent most of his life in England
1845 Harriette Wilson a celebrated British Regency courtesan, whose clients included the Prince of Wales, the Lord Chancellor and four future Prime Ministers.
1847 Charles Hatchett an English chemist who discovered the element niobium.
1848 Simonas Stanevičius a Lithuanian writer and an activist of the "Samogitian Revival", an early stage of the Lithuanian National Revival.
1851 Leopold Prince of Salerno a member of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and a Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.
1855 Infante Carlos Count of Molina the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Luisa of Parma. As Carlos V he was the first of the Carlist claimants to the throne of Spain. He is often referred to simply as 'Don Carlos'. He was a reactionary angry with liberalism in Spain and the assaults on the Catholic Church. He claimed the throne of Spain after the death of his older brother King Ferdinand VII in 1833. His claim was contested by liberal forces loyal to the dead king's infant daughter. The result was the bloody First Carlist War. Don Carlos had support from Basque provinces and much of Catalonia, but it was not enough and he lost the war and never became king. His heirs continued the arch-conservative cause, fought two more "Carlist" wars and were active into the mid-20th century, but never obtained the throne
1855 Carl Mayer von Rothschild a German-born banker in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the founder of the Rothschild banking family of Naples.
1856 Jacques Gervais baron Subervie a French general and politician.
1861 Taras Shevchenko a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnographer. His literary heritage is regarded to be the foundation of modern Ukrainian literature and, to a large extent, the modern Ukrainian language. Shevchenko is also known for many masterpieces as a painter and an illustrator
1864 Joseph Alfred Slade a stagecoach and Pony Express superintendent, instrumental in the opening of the American West and the archetype of the Western gunslinger.