March 10 events in history

298 Roman Emperor Maximian concludes his campaign in North Africa against the Berbers, and makes a triumphal entry into Carthage
1607 Susenyos I defeats the combined armies of Yaqob and Abuna Petros II at the Battle of Gol in Gojjam, making him Emperor of Ethiopia
1629 Charles I of England dissolves Parliament, beginning the eleven-year period known as the Personal Rule
1735 An agreement between Nadir Shah and Russia is signed near Ganja, Azerbaijan and Russian troops are withdrawn from Baku
1762 French Huguenot Jean Calas, who had been wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspired Voltaire to begin a campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform
1804 Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, Missouri, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of the Louisiana Territory from France to the United States
1814 Napoleon I of France is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France
1816 Crossing of the Andes: A group of royalist scouts is captured during the Action of Juncalito
1830 The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created
1831 The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis Philippe to support his war in Algeria
1848 The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is ratified by the United States Senate, ending the Mexican–American War
1861 El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Ségou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali
1876 Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful telephone call by saying "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you."
1891 Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the Strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching
1906 The Courrières mine disaster, Europe's worst ever, kills 1099 miners in Northern France
1909 By signing the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, Thailand relinquishes its sovereignty over the Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis and Terengganu, which become British protectorates
1917 Some provinces and cities in the Philippines were incorporated due to the ratification of Act No. 2711 or the Administrative Code of the Philippines
1922 Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in India, tried for sedition, and sentenced to six years in prison, only to be released after nearly two years for an appendicitis operation
1933 An earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 115 people and causes an estimated $40 million in damage
1944 Greek Civil War: The Political Committee of National Liberation is established in Greece by the National Liberation Front
1945 The U.S. Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting conflagration kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians
1952 Fulgencio Batista leads a successful coup in Cuba and appoints himself as the "provisional president"
1959 Tibetan uprising: Fearing an abduction attempt by China, 300,000 Tibetans surround the Dalai Lama's palace to prevent his removal
1966 Military Prime Minister of South Vietnam Nguyễn Cao Kỳ sacked rival General Nguyễn Chánh Thi, precipitating large-scale civil and military dissension in parts of the nation
1968 Vietnam War: Battle of Lima Site 85, concluding the 11th with largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during that war
1969 In Memphis, Tennessee, James Earl Ray pleads guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King Jr. He later unsuccessfully attempts to retract his plea
1970 Vietnam War: Captain Ernest Medina is charged by the U.S. military with My Lai war crimes
1975 Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh Campaign - North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Mê Thuột, South Vietnam, on their way to capturing Saigon on the final push for victory over South Vietnam
1977 Rings of Uranus: Astronomers discover rings around Uranus
1980 Madeira School headmistress Jean Harris shoots and kills Scarsdale diet doctor Herman Tarnower
1980 Formation of the Irish Army Ranger Wing
1990 In Haiti, Prosper Avril is ousted 18 months after seizing power in a coup
2000 The Nasdaq Composite stock market index peaks at 5132.52, signaling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom
2005 Tung Chee-hwa resigns from his post as the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong after widespread public dissatisfaction of his tenure
2006 The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrives at Mars