Born on March 11

1162 Theodoric I Margrave of Meissen the Margrave of Meissen from 1198 until his death. He was the second son of Otto II, Margrave of Meissen and Hedwig of Brandenburg
1353 Theognostus of Kiev Metropolitan of Kiev and all Rus'.
1530 Johann Wilhelm Duke of Saxe-Weimar a duke of Saxe-Weimar. He was also the last Duke of Saxony and Landgrave of Thuringia
1544 Torquato Tasso an Italian poet of the 16th century, best known for his poem La Gerusalemme liberata , in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the siege of Jerusalem. He suffered from mental illness and died a few days before he was due to be crowned as the king of poets by the Pope. Until the beginning of the 20th century, Tasso remained one of the most widely read poets in Europe
1591 Isabella of Savoy a daughter of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Catherine Michelle of Spain. Her maternal grandparents where Philip II of Spain and Elisabeth of Valois, her paternal grandparents were Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy and Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry. She was the Hereditary Princess of Modena, dying before her husband succeeded to the Duchy of Modena in 1628
1656 Marie Elisabeth of Hesse-Darmstadt the only Duchess by marriage of Saxe-Römhild.
1726 Louise d'Épinay a French writer, a saloniste and woman of fashion, known on account of her liaisons with Friedrich Melchior, Baron von Grimm, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who gives malicious reports of her in his Confessions. and her acquaintanceship with Denis Diderot, Jean le Rond d'Alembert, Baron d'Holbach and other French men of letters during the Enlightenment. She was also one of many women referenced in Simone de Beauvoir's Second Sex as an example of noble expansion of women's rights during the 18th century
1730 Otto Friedrich Müller a Danish naturalist.
1734 Nicholas Repnin an Imperial Russian statesman and general from the Repnin princely family who played a key role in the dissolution of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1738 Benjamin Tupper a soldier in the French and Indian War, and an officer of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, achieving the rank of brevet brigadier general. Subsequently, he served as a Massachusetts legislator, and he assisted Gen. William Shepard in stopping Shays' Rebellion. Benjamin Tupper was a co-founder of the Ohio Company of Associates, and was a pioneer to the Ohio Country, involved in establishing Marietta, Ohio as the first permanent settlement in the Northwest Territory
1745 Bodawpaya the sixth king of the Konbaung Dynasty of Burma. Born Maung Shwe Waing and later Badon Min, he was the fourth son of Alaungpaya, founder of the dynasty and the Third Burmese Empire. He was proclaimed king after deposing his nephew Phaungkaza Maung Maung, son of his oldest brother Naungdawgyi, at Ava. Bodawpaya moved the royal capital back to Amarapura in 1782. He was titled Hsinbyumyashin , although he became known to posterity as Bodawpaya in relation to his successor, his grandson Bagyidaw , who in turn was given this name in relation to his nephew Mindon Min. He fathered 62 sons and 58 daughters by about 200 consorts
1757 James Saumarez 1st Baron de Saumarez an admiral of the British Royal Navy, notable for his victory at the Battle of Algeciras.
1763 José Miguel Pey de Andrade a Colombian statesman and soldier and a leader of the independence movement from Spain. He is considered the first vice president and first president of Colombia. He was a centralist
1770 William Huskisson a British statesman, financier, and Member of Parliament for several constituencies, including Liverpool. He is best known today, however, as the world's first widely reported railway casualty as he was run over by George Stephenson's locomotive engine Rocket
1779 Philip Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg a field marshal in the imperial Austrian army. He was the ruling Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1839 until his death
1785 John McLean an American jurist and politician who served in the United States Congress, as U.S. Postmaster General, and as a justice on the Ohio and U.S. Supreme Courts. He was often discussed for the Whig and Republican nominations for President
1787 Ivan Nabokov a Russian Adjutant general and general of infantry prominent during the Napoleonic wars.
1789 Carl Friedrich Bruch a German ornithologist. He was the younger brother of bryologist Philipp Bruch
1790 Ignaz von Rudhart a Bavarian scholar and public servant who was dispatched to Greece to serve as President of the Privy Council during the reign of King Otto.
1806 Carlo Pellion di Persano an Italian admiral and politician, who was commander of the Italian fleet at the 1866 Battle of Lissa.
1808 Agustín Morales a military officer and de facto President of Bolivia between 1871 and 1872.
1811 Urbain Le Verrier best known for his part in the discovery of Neptune.
1811 Francesco Lamperti an Italian singing teacher.
1818 Marius Petipa a French ballet dancer, teacher and choreographer. Petipa is considered to be the most influential ballet master and choreographer of ballet
1818 Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville a French chemist.
1818 Antonio Bazzini an Italian violinist, composer and teacher. As a composer his most enduring work is his chamber music which has earned him a central place in the Italian instrumental renaissance of the 19th century. However his success as a composer was overshadowed by his reputation as one of the finest concert violinists of the nineteenth century. He also contributed to a portion of Messa per Rossini, specifically the first section of Sequentia, Dies Irae
1819 Henry Tate an English sugar merchant and philanthropist, noted for establishing the Tate Gallery, London.
1820 William P. Wood the first Director of the United States Secret Service. He was the son of James Wood and Margaret Turner
1821 Johan Hampus Furuhjelm a Finnish-Russian vice-admiral and explorer, commander of the Russian Baltic Fleet, Governor of the Russian Far East, Taganrog and Russian America.
1822 Princess Januária of Brazil a Brazilian princess and Portuguese infanta. She was the second daughter of Pedro I of Brazil and IV of Portugal and his wife Maria Leopoldina, Archduchess of Austria
1822 Joseph Louis François Bertrand a French mathematician who worked in the fields of number theory, differential geometry, probability theory, economics and thermodynamics.
1832 William Ruffin Cox an American soldier and politician from the state of North Carolina. He was a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, a three-term member of the United States House of Representatives from 1881 to 1887, and Secretary of the United States Senate from 1893 to 1900
1833 Christian Georg Brügger a Swiss botanist and naturalist.
1834 Enrico Albanese an Italian surgeon and patriot, who lived during the Italian Risorgimento and distinguished himself in the field of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. He earned a Medical degree in 1855 and the year after he went to Florence to finish his studies, under the guidance of Pellizzari, Bufalini and Zanetti. After a few years he came back to his hometown, where he attended the school of Giovanni Gorgone, a well-known Anatomy teacher and full professor of Clinical surgery at the University of Palermo. Enrico Albanese was also a close friend of Giuseppe Garibaldi, with whom he shared a lot of ideals and political aims; in fact he participated in the “Expedition of the Thousand” in 1860. He also took part in the attempt to free Rome and during the “Aspromonte battle” on 29 August 1862 he was called upon to heal a severe wound on the foot of General Garibaldi. In 1865 he became director of the Civil Hospital of Palermo and he also founded a paediatric ward and antiseptic operating room, one of the first to follow Joseph Lister’s theories. Later in 1869 he directed the hospital gazette that became the main advertising medium of the hospital. Only after Gorgone’s death in 1868, he was called upon to take his place in the Chair of Clinical Surgery. In 1873 he committed himself to the foundation and organization of a hospital building for children, called “Ospizio Marino”, where diseases such as rickets, spondylitis and scrofula were treated. Enrico Albanese’s scientific activity was particularly intense. We can recall his studies in epidermal transplantation, blood transfusion, preventive haemostasis in surgery and also the surgical procedures that he experimented, such as Astragalectomie and shoulder resection. He died in Naples at the age of 55 on the 5th of May 1889 and was buried in the cemetery of Santa Maria di Gesù. His grave is covered by a big tombstone made of a type of marble called “pietra di Caprera”, donated by Garibaldi as a sign of friendship and gratitude
1836 Samuel Duvall an American archer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
1838 Ōkuma Shigenobu a Japanese politician in the Empire of Japan and the 8th and 17th Prime Minister of Japan. Ōkuma was also an early advocate of Western science and culture in Japan, and founder of Waseda University
1840 Ralph Tate a British-born botanist and geologist, who was later active in Australia.
1841 Luigi Luzzatti an Italian political figure and served as the 31st Prime Minister of Italy between 1910 and 1911. He was Italy's second Jewish prime minister after Alessandro Fortis, though predecessor Sidney Sonnino was of partial Jewish ancestry
1842 Nicolaus Kleinenberg a Baltic German zoologist and evolutionary morphologist.
1843 Harald Høffding a Danish philosopher and theologian.
1846 António Cândido Gonçalves Crespo a Brazilian-born Portuguese poet. Born to a slave mother on the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro on March 11, 1846, he came to Portugal at the age of ten. He was educated at the University of Coimbra, but "devoted himself almost exclusively to the Muses at Lisbon." His poetry was deeply informed by Parnassianism. He occasionally collaborated with his wife Maria Amália Vaz de Carvalho, also a noted writer. He died in Lisbon on June 11, 1883, aged 37
1847 Sidney Sonnino an Italian politician. He twice served briefly as Prime Minister, in 1906 and again from 1909-1910, and was the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs during the First World War, representing his country at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference
1856 Stepa Stepanović a Serbian military commander who fought in the Serbo-Turkish War, the Serbo-Bulgarian War, the First Balkan War, the Second Balkan War and World War Having joined the Serbian military in 1874, he fought against the forces of the Ottoman Empire in 1876. Over the following years, he climbed up the ranks of the Serbian Army and fought against Bulgarian forces in 1885. He eventually became the Serbian Minister of War in April 1908 and was responsible for instituting changes in the Serbian Army
1857 Tom Clarke (Irish republican) an Irish revolutionary leader and arguably the person most responsible for the 1916 Easter Rising. A proponent of armed revolution for most of his life, he spent 15 years in prison prior to his role in the Easter Rising, and was executed after it was quashed
1857 Adolf Liebscher a Czech history painter.
1859 Aleksandr Sheremetev a Russian composer, conductor and entrepreneur. He founded his own private symphony orchestra in 1882, and from 1898 organized public concerts in Saint Petersburg involving the orchestra and a choir he had inherited from his father, Dmitri Sheremetev. He also founded the Musical Historical Society in 1910, which gave free lecture recitals involving his orchestra and choir
1863 Vladimir Ippolitovich Lipsky a Ukrainian scientist, botanist; a member of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, and the Director of the Botanical Gardens of the Odessa University.
1863 Andrew Stoddart an English cricketer and rugby union player. He was a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1893
1870 Louis Bachelier a French mathematician at the turn of the 20th century. He is credited with being the first person to model the stochastic process now called Brownian motion, which was part of his PhD thesis The Theory of Speculation
1872 Siegfried Flesch an Austrian sabre fencer who competed in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Flesch was Jewish