March 11 events in history

222 Emperor Elagabalus is assassinated, along with his mother, Julia Soaemias, by the Praetorian Guard during a revolt. Their mutilated bodies are dragged through the streets of Rome before being thrown into the Tiber
1387 Battle of Castagnaro: English condottiero Sir John Hawkwood leads Padova to victory in a factional clash with Verona
1641 Guaraní forces living in the Jesuit Reductions defeat bandeirantes loyal to the Portuguese Empire at the Battle of Mbororé in present-day Panambí, Argentina
1649 The Frondeurs and the French sign the Peace of Rueil
1702 The Daily Courant, England's first national daily newspaper is published for the first time
1708 Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation
1784 The signing of the Treaty of Mangalore brings the Second Anglo-Mysore War to an end
1811 During André Masséna's retreat from the Lines of Torres Vedras, a division led by French Marshal Michel Ney fights off a combined Anglo-Portuguese force to give Masséna time to escape
1824 The United States Department of War creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs
1845 The Flagstaff War: Unhappy with translational differences regarding the Treaty of Waitangi, chiefs Hone Heke, Kawiti and Māori tribe members chop down the British flagpole for a fourth time and drive settlers out of Kororareka, New Zealand
1848 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government
1851 The first performance of Rigoletto by Giuseppe Verdi takes place in Venice
1861 American Civil War: The Constitution of the Confederate States of America is adopted
1864 The Great Sheffield Flood kills 238 people in Sheffield, England
1872 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain
1879 Shō Tai formally abdicated his position of King of Ryūkyū, under orders from Tokyo, ending the Ryukyu Kingdom
1888 The Great Blizzard of 1888 begins along the eastern seaboard of the United States, shutting down commerce and killing more than 400
1916 USS Nevada (BB-36) is commissioned as the first US Navy "super-dreadnought"
1917 World War I:Mesopotamian Campaign — Baghdad falls to Anglo-Indian forces commanded by General Stanley Maude
1918 The first case of Spanish flu occurs, the start of a devastating worldwide pandemic
1927 In New York City, Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens the Roxy Theatre
1931 Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union
1932 Boomming Ben, the last Heath Hen was seen for the final time
1941 World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act into law, allowing American-built war supplies to be shipped to the Allies on loan
1942 World War II: General Douglas MacArthur flees Corregidor
1945 World War II: The Imperial Japanese Navy attempts a large-scale kamikaze attack on the U.S. Pacific Fleet anchored at Ulithi atoll in Operation Tan No. 2
1945 World War II: The Empire of Vietnam, a short-lived Japanese puppet state, is established with Bảo Đại as its ruler
1946 Rudolf Höss, the first commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp, is captured by British troops
1975 Vietnam War: North Vietnamese and Viet Cong guerrilla forces establish control over Ban Me Thuot commune from the South Vietnamese army
1977 The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: more than 130 hostages held in Washington, D.C., by Hanafi Muslims are set free after ambassadors from three Islamic nations join negotiations
1978 Coastal Road massacre: At least 37 are killed and more than 70 are wounded when Al Fatah hijack an Israeli bus, prompting Israel's Operation Litani
1983 Pakistan successfully conducts a cold test of a nuclear weapon
1990 Lithuania declares itself independent from the Soviet Union
1990 Patricio Aylwin is sworn in as the first democratically elected President of Chile since 1970
1993 Janet Reno is confirmed by the United States Senate and sworn in the next day, becoming the first female Attorney General of the United States
1999 Infosys becomes the first Indian company listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange
2004 Madrid train bombings: Simultaneous explosions on rush hour trains in Madrid, Spain, kill 191 people
2006 Michelle Bachelet is inaugurated as first female president of Chile
2007 Georgia claims Russian helicopters attacked the Kodori Valley in Abkhazia, an accusation that Russia categorically denies later
2009 Winnenden school shooting: 16 are killed and 11 are injured before recent-graduate Tim Kretschmer shoots and kills himself, leading to tightened weapons restrictions in Germany
2010 Economist and businessman Sebastián Piñera is sworn in as President of Chile, while three earthquakes, the strongest measuring magnitude 6.9 and all centered next to Pichilemu, capital of Cardenal Caro Province, hit central Chile during the ceremony
2011 An earthquake measuring 9.0 in magnitude strikes 130 km (81 mi) east of Sendai, Japan, triggering a tsunami killing thousands of people. This event also triggered the second largest nuclear accident in history, and one of only two events to be classified as a Level 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale
2012 A U.S. soldier kills 16 civilians in the Panjwayi District of Afghanistan near Kandahar
2014 The Republic of Crimea declares its independence