Born on March 13

963 Anna Porphyrogenita a Grand Princess consort of Kiev; she was married to Grand Prince Vladimir the Great.
1230 Pietro Ziani the forty-third Doge of Venice from 15 August 1205 to 1229, succeededing Enrico Dandolo. He was the son of Doge Sebastian Ziani of the very rich noble family. He was married to Maria Baseggio and Constance of Sicily
1265 Eberhard I Count of Württemberg Count of Württemberg from 1279 until his death. He was nicknamed 'der Erlauchte' or the Illustrious Highness
1271 Judith of Habsburg the youngest daughter of Rudolph I of Germany and his wife Gertrude of Hohenburg. Judith was a member of the Habsburg family
1372 Louis I Duke of Orléans Duke of Orléans from 1392 to his death. He was also Count of Valois , Duke of Touraine , Count of Blois , Angoulême , Périgord and Soissons
1560 William Louis Count of Nassau-Dillenburg Count of Nassau-Dillenburg from 1606 to 1620, and stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe.
1583 Martín Enríquez de Almanza the fourth viceroy of New Spain, who ruled from November 5, 1568 until October 3, 1580. He was subsequently viceroy of Peru, from September 23, 1581 until his death in 1583. His birthplace and origins are uncertain. Some historians speculate on possible Sephardic origins of this viceroy, but that has not been confirmed
1593 Georges de La Tour a French Baroque painter, who spent most of his working life in the Duchy of Lorraine, which was temporarily absorbed into France between 1641 and 1648. He painted mostly religious chiaroscuro scenes lit by candlelight
1615 Pope Innocent XII Pope from 12 July 1691 to his death in 1700.
1674 Jean Louis Petit a French surgeon, and the inventor of the tourniquet. He was first enthusiastic about anatomy, received a master's certificate in surgery in Paris in 1700. He became a member of the French Royal Academy of Sciences in 1715, and was named director of the French Royal Academy of Surgery by the king when it was created in 1731. He acquired great notoriety because of his skill and experience, thanks to his case reports of hemorrhage, lacrimal fistula, operation on the frenum, for his treatise on bone diseases and especially for his general treatise on surgical operations, on which he worked 12 years and which was finished after his death by François-Dominique Lesne
1683 Johann Wilhelm Weinmann noted for his creation of the florilegium Phytanthoza iconographia between 1737 and 1745, an ambitious project which resulted in eight folio volumes with more than 1,000 hand-coloured engravings of several thousand plants. The work is thought to have inspired similar works, such as the Japanese medicinal work "Honzo Zufu" by Iwasaki Tsunemasa, and "Somoku-dzusetsu" by Yokusai Iinuma
1696 Armand de Vignerot du Plessis a French soldier, diplomat and statesman. Joining the army, he participated in three major wars and eventually rose to the rank of Marshal of France
1699 Jacob Faggot a Swedish scientist.
1700 Michel Blavet a French composer and flute virtuoso. Although Blavet taught himself to play almost every instrument, he specialized in the bassoon and the flute which he held to the left, the opposite of how most flutists hold theirs today
1716 Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia a daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover.
1719 John Griffin 4th Baron Howard de Walden a British nobleman and soldier. Born John Whitwell, he served as a junior officer with the Pragmatic Army in the Netherlands and Germany during the War of the Austrian Succession. After changing his surname to Griffin in 1749, he commanded a brigade of at least four battalions at the Battle of Corbach in July 1760 during the Seven Years' War. He also commanded a brigade at the Battle of Warburg and was wounded at the Battle of Kloster Kampen
1720 Charles Bonnet born at Geneva, of a French family driven into the region by the religious persecution in the 16th century.
1733 Johann Zoffany a German neoclassical painter, active mainly in England. His works appear in many prominent British National galleries such as the National Gallery, London, the Tate Gallery and in the Royal Collection
1741 Joseph II Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, and was the brother of Marie Antoinette. He was thus the first ruler in the Austrian dominions of the House of Lorraine, styled Habsburg-Lorraine. Joseph was a proponent of enlightened absolutism; however, his commitment to modernizing reforms subsequently engendered significant opposition, which eventually culminated in an ultimate failure to fully implement his programmes. He has been ranked, with Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia, as one of the three great Enlightenment monarchs. His policies are now known as Josephinism. He died with no sons and was succeeded by his younger brother, Leopold
1743 Seweryn Rzewuski a Polish nobleman, Field Hetman of the Crown, general of the Royal Army, one of the leaders of the Confederation of Targowica. Voivode of Podolian Voivodeship
1753 József Fabchich a Hungarian writer and translator, known mainly for his translations of Ancient Greek poetry into the Hungarian language.
1753 Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre Duchess of Orléans the daughter of Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre and of Princess Maria Theresa Felicitas of Modena. At the death of her brother, Louis Alexandre de Bourbon-Penthièvre, prince de Lamballe, she became the wealthiest heiress in France prior to the French Revolution. She married Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, the "regicide" Philippe Égalité, and was the mother of France's last king, Louis Philippe I, King of the French. She was sister-in-law to the princesse de Lamballe, and was the last member of the Bourbon-Penthièvre family
1762 Anine Frølich a Danish ballerina, one of the first professional native ballet dancers in Denmark and a prima donna within the Danish ballet in her days. Chronologically, she can be seen as the first Danish ballerina, and the first native star within the Royal Danish Ballet
1763 Guillaume Brune a French soldier and political figure who rose to Marshal of France.
1764 Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 22 November 1830 to 16 July 1834. A member of the Whig Party, he backed significant reform of the British government and was among the primary architects of the Reform Act 1832. His government also saw the abolition of slavery in the British Empire. In addition to his political achievements, he has come to be associated with Earl Grey tea
1770 Daniel Lambert a gaol keeper and animal breeder from Leicester, England, famous for his unusually large size. After serving four years as an apprentice at an engraving and die casting works in Birmingham, he returned to Leicester around 1788 and succeeded his father as keeper of Leicester's gaol. He was a keen sportsman and extremely strong, on one occasion he fought a bear in the streets of Leicester. He was an expert in sporting animals, widely respected for his expertise with dogs, horses and fighting cocks
1777 Charles Lot Church a political figure in Nova Scotia. He represented Lunenburg County in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1820 to 1830
1781 Joseph Johann Littrow an Austrian astronomer. In 1837, he was ennobled with the title Joseph Johann Edler von Littrow. He was the father of Karl Ludwig Edler von Littrow and the mentor of the mathematician Nikolai Brashman. His work took him to Russia for a time, which is where his son who succeeded him was born
1781 Karl Friedrich Schinkel a Prussian architect, city planner, and painter who also designed furniture and stage sets. Schinkel was one of the most prominent architects of Germany and designed both neoclassical and neogothic buildings
1782 Sir Robert Bateson 1st Baronet an Irish baronet, landowner and Conservative politician.
1792 Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wallroth a German botanist. His name is abbreviated Wallr. as a taxon authority
1797 Charles de Rémusat a French politician and writer.
1798 Abigail Fillmore First Lady of the United States from 1850 to 1853.
1800 Mustafa Reşid Pasha an Ottoman statesman and diplomat, known best as the chief architect behind the Ottoman government reforms known as Tanzimat.
1802 Friedrich Georg von Bunge a German legal historian. He was the older brother of botanist Alexander Bunge
1803 George Walker (chess player) an English chess player and author of The Celebrated Analysis of A D Philidor , The Art of Chess-Play: A New Treatise on the Game of Chess , A Selection of Games at Chess played by Philidor , Chess Made Easy , and Chess Studies.
1803 Aleksander Wielopolski a Polish aristocrat, owner of large estates, and the 13th lord of the manor of Pinczów. In 1862 he was appointed head of Poland's Civil Administration within the Russian Empire under Tsar Alexander II
1806 Adolphe Napoléon Didron a French art historian and archaeologist.
1807 Albert Mackey an American medical doctor and author. He is best known for his writing many books and articles about freemasonry, particularly the Masonic Landmarks
1811 Camille-Marie Stamaty a French pianist, piano teacher and composer predominantly of piano music and studies. Today largely forgotten, he was one of the preeminent piano teachers in 19th century Paris. His most famous pupils were Louis Moreau Gottschalk and Camille Saint-Saëns
1815 James Curtis Hepburn a physician, translator, educator and lay Christian missionary. He is known for the Hepburn romanization system for transliteration of the Japanese language into the Latin alphabet, which he popularized in his Japanese–English dictionary
1815 Samuel Benjamin Sofer one of the leading rabbis of Hungarian Jewry in the second half of the nineteenth century and rosh yeshiva of the famed Pressburg Yeshiva. His official German name was Samuel Wolf Schreiber
1818 Albion P. Howe a Union Army general in the American Civil War. Howe's contentious relationships with superior officers in the Army of the Potomac eventually led to his being deprived of division command
1823 Dmitry Tolstoy a Russian statesman, a member of the State Council of Imperial Russia. He belonged to the comital branch of the Tolstoy family
1823 Sir William Mackinnon 1st Baronet a Scottish ship-owner and businessman who built up substantial commercial interests in India and East Africa. He established the British India Steam Navigation Company and the Imperial British East Africa Company
1824 Josef Matyáš Trenkwald a Czech/Austrian painter, best known for his religious and historical paintings. He is also known as "Josef Mathias von Trenkwald" and "Joseph Matthias Trenkwald"
1825 Benjamin Mountfort an English emigrant to New Zealand, where he became one of that country's most prominent 19th century architects. He was instrumental in shaping the city of Christchurch's unique architectural identity and culture, and was appointed the first official Provincial Architect of the developing province of Canterbury. Heavily influenced by the Anglo-Catholic philosophy behind early Victorian architecture, he is credited with importing the Gothic revival style to New Zealand. His Gothic designs constructed in both wood and stone in the province are considered unique to New Zealand. Today, he is considered the founding architect of the province of Canterbury
1825 Hans Gude considered along with Johan Christian Dahl to be one of Norway's foremost landscape painters. He has been called a mainstay of Norwegian National Romanticism. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting
1830 Antônio Conselheiro a Brazilian religious leader, preacher, and founder of the village of Canudos, the scene of the War of Canudos , a civil rebellion against the central government which was brutally stamped out with the loss of more than 15,000 lives.
1837 Sanjō Sanetomi an Imperial court noble and statesman at the time of the Meiji Restoration. He held many high-ranking offices in the Meiji government