Died on March 13

600 Leander of Seville the Catholic Bishop of Seville who was instrumental in effecting the conversion to Catholicism of the Visigothic kings Hermengild and Reccared of Hispania.
837 Saint Roderick venerated as one of the Martyrs of Córdoba. Tradition states that he was a Christian priest of Cabra who had two brothers: one was a Muslim, the other had no religion. Once, after his brothers began to fight one another, Roderick attempted to break up the fight. However, they turned on him instead and beat him
993 Odo I Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark margrave in the Saxon Eastern March of the Holy Roman Empire from 965 until his death.
1202 Mieszko III the Old Duke of Greater Poland from 1138 and High Duke of Poland, with interruptions, from 1173 until his death.
1271 Henry of Almain the son of Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall and Isabel Marshal.
1332 Theodore Metochites a Byzantine statesman, author, gentleman philosopher, and patron of the arts. From 1305 to 1328 he held the position of personal adviser to emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos
1341 Trojden I Duke of Masovia a member of the House of Piast. He was Duke of Czersk from 1310. From 1336 to 1340 he was Regent of the Duchy of Płock. He eventually became Duke of Masovia
1395 John Barbour (poet) a Scottish poet and the first major named literary figure to write in Scots. His principal surviving work is the historical verse romance, The Brus , and his reputation from this poem is such that other long works in Scots which survive from the period are sometimes thought to be by him. He is known to have written a number of other works, but other titles definitely ascribed to his authorship, such as The Stewartis Oryginalle and The Brut , are now lost
1422 John Clifford 7th Baron de Clifford an English peer. He was slain at the siege of Meaux
1425 William II Margrave of Meissen the second son of Margrave Frederick the Strict of Meissen and Catherine of Henneberg.
1447 Shahrukh Mirza the Timurid ruler of the eastern portion of the empire established by his father, Central Asian warlord Timur who founded the Timurid dynasty, governing most of Persia and Transoxiana between 1405 and 1447. Shāhrukh was the fourth and youngest son of Timur and child of one of his concubines
1490 Charles I Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1482 to 1490 and titular king of Cyprus, Jerusalem, and Armenia from 1485 to 1490.
1516 Vladislaus II of Hungary King of Bohemia from 1471 and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1490 until his death in 1516. He was also a knight of the Order of the Dragon
1569 Louis Prince of Condé (1530–1569) a prominent Huguenot leader and general, the founder of the House of Condé, a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon.
1572 Petar Hektorović a Croatian writer.
1573 Michel de l'Hôpital a French statesman.
1604 Arnaud d'Ossat a French diplomat and writer, and a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, whose personal tact and diplomatic skill steered the perilous course of French diplomacy with the Papacy in the reign of Henry IV of France.
1640 Isaac Manasses de Pas Marquis de Feuquieres a French soldier.
1653 Simon de Vlieger a Dutch designer, draughtsman, and painter, most famous for his marine paintings.
1653 Johan van Galen a Commodore of the Republic of the Seven United Provinces of the Netherlands.
1679 Christiane of Saxe-Merseburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
1711 Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux a French poet and critic.
1718 Friedrich Nicolaus Bruhns a German composer and music director in Hamburg.
1719 Johann Friedrich Böttger a German alchemist. He was born in Schleiz, and died in Dresden and is normally credited with being the first European to discover the secret of the creation of porcelain in 1708, but it has also been claimed that English manufacturers or Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus produced porcelain first. Certainly, the Meissen factory, established 1710, was the first to produce porcelain in Europe in large quantities and since the recipe was kept a trade secret by Böttger for his company, experiments continued elsewhere throughout Europe
1733 Charlotte Aïssé the daughter of a Circassian chief, and was born about 1694.
1767 Maria Josepha of Saxony Dauphine of France a Duchess of Saxony and the Dauphine of France. She became Dauphine at the age of fifteen through her marriage to Louis de France, the son and heir of Louis Marie Josèphe was the mother of three kings of France, including Louis XVI, who died under the guillotine during the French Revolution. Her youngest daughter, Madame Élisabeth, also was beheaded during the Revolution
1773 Philibert Commerson a French naturalist, best known for accompanying Louis Antoine de Bougainville on his voyage of circumnavigation in 1766–1769.
1778 Charles le Beau a French historical writer.
1800 Nana Fadnavis an influential minister and statesman of the Maratha Empire during the Peshwa administration in Pune, India. James Grant Duff states that he was called "the Marattha Machiavelli" by the Europeans
1808 Jean-Pierre Firmin Malher joined the army of the First French Republic and fought in the French Revolutionary Wars. During the Napoleonic Wars he rose in rank to command a division. He was accidentally killed in 1808 while on campaign in Spain. His surname is one of the Names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe
1808 Christian VII of Denmark an Oldenburg monarch who ruled as King of Denmark and Norway and Duke of Schleswig and Holstein from 1766 until his death. He was the son of King Frederick V and his first wife Louise of Great Britain
1821 John Hunter (Royal Navy officer) an officer of the Royal Navy, who succeeded Arthur Phillip as the second governor of New South Wales, Australia and served as such from 1795 to 1800.
1824 Maria Luisa of Spain Duchess of Lucca an Infanta of Spain. She was a daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma. In 1795, age thirteen, she married her first cousin Louis, Hereditary Prince of Parma. She spent the first years of her married life at the Spanish court where her first son, Charles II, Duke of Parma, was born
1826 Johann Baptist von Spix a German biologist. From his expedition to Brazil he brought to Germany a large variety of specimens of plants, insects, mammals, birds, amphibians and fish. They constitute an important basis for today's National Zoological Collection in Munich. Numerous instances of ethnographic collections such as dance masks and the like are now part of the collection of the Museum of Ethnography in Munich
1832 Aleksander Orłowski a Polish painter and sketch artist, and a pioneer of lithography in the Russian Empire.
1833 William Bradley (Royal Navy officer) a British naval officer and cartographer who was one of the officers who participated in the First Fleet to Australia. During this expedition, Bradley undertook extensive surveys and became one of the first of the settlers to establish relations with the aborigines, with whom he struck up a dialogue and whose customs and nature he studied extensively. He later however fell out with his aboriginal contacts and instead undertook a mission to gather food which ended with an eleven-month stay on Norfolk Island after a shipwreck
1842 Henry Shrapnel a British Army officer whose name has entered the English language as the inventor of the "shrapnel shell".
1845 John Frederic Daniell an English chemist and physicist.
1845 Charles-Guillaume Étienne a French dramatist and miscellaneous writer.
1848 Johann Cornies a Mennonite German settler to the Russian Empire.
1850 Juan Martín de Pueyrredón an Argentine general and politician of the early 19th century. He was appointed Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata after the Argentine Declaration of Independence
1850 Owen Stanley a British Royal Navy officer and surveyor.
1851 François Victor Mérat de Vaumartoise a French physician, botanist and mycologist.
1851 Karl Lachmann a German philologist and critic. He is particularly noted for his foundational contributions to the field of textual criticism
1854 Jean-Baptiste de Villèle a French statesman. Several time Prime minister, he was a leader of the Ultra-royalist faction during the Bourbon Restoration
1857 William Amherst 1st Earl Amherst a British diplomat and colonial administrator. He was Governor-General of India between 1823 and 1828
1858 Felice Orsini an Italian revolutionary and leader of the Carbonari who tried to assassinate Napoleon III, Emperor of the French.
1862 Christian Friedrich Lessing a German botanist who was a native of Groß Wartenberg, Niederschlesien. He was a brother to painter Carl Friedrich Lessing , and a grandnephew of poet Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
1865 Eduard von Bonin a Prussian general officer who served as Prussian Minister of War from 1852–54 and 1858-59.
1867 Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel the consort of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the matriarch of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, which would eventually become the ruling house of the kingdoms of Denmark, Greece, Norway, and, barring unforeseen circumstances, the United Kingdom.