Died on March 14

313 Emperor Huai of Jin an emperor of the Jin Dynasty.
840 Einhard a Frankish scholar and courtier. Einhard was a dedicated servant of Charlemagne and his son Louis the Pious; his main work is a biography of Charlemagne, the Vita Karoli Magni, "one of the most precious literary bequests of the early Middle Ages."
968 Matilda of Ringelheim the wife of King Henry I of Germany, the first ruler of the Saxon Ottonian dynasty, thereby Duchess of Saxony from 912 and Queen of Germany from 919 until her husband's death in 936. Their eldest son Otto succeeded his father as King of Germany and years later was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 962, thus ending the vacancy of this office begun in 924 with the death of Holy Roman Emperor Berengar I of Italy. Matilda lived to see the imperial crown restored under her son. Matilda's surname refers to Ringelheim, where her comital Immedinger relatives established a convent about 940
1211 Pietro Gallocia an Italian cardinal.
1237 Guigues VI of Viennois the Count of Albon, Briançon, Grenoble, and Oisans from 1228 until his death. He was the son of Hugh III of Burgundy and Béatrice of Albon. He took his regnal name after and inherited the titles and lands of his maternal grandfather, Guigues V
1457 Jingtai Emperor Emperor of China from 1449 to 1457. The second son of the Xuande Emperor, he was selected in 1449 to succeed his older brother, the Zhengtong Emperor, when the latter was captured by Mongols following the Tumu Crisis. He reigned for 8 years before being removed from the throne by his brother, who was restored as the Tianshun Emperor. The Jingtai Emperor's era name means "Exalted View"
1503 Frederick Jagiellon a Polish prince, Archbishop of Gniezno, Bishop of Kraków, and Primate of Poland. He was the sixth son and ninth child of Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, and his wife Elizabeth of Austria
1565 Vasco de Quiroga the first bishop of Michoacán, Mexico and one of the judges in the second Audiencia that governed New Spain from January 10, 1531 to April 16, 1535.
1571 John Sigismund Zápolya King of Hungary from 1540 to 1551 and again from 1556 to 1570. He reigned over the "Eastern Hungarian Kingdom", as historians call the area which recognized as King his father and then him, instead of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, who ruled western Hungary
1603 Ulrich Duke of Mecklenburg Duke of Mecklenburg from 1555-56 to 1603.
1632 Tokugawa Hidetada the second shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty, who ruled from 1605 until his abdication in 1623. He was the third son of Tokugawa Ieyasu, the first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate
1635 Jacques Callot a baroque printmaker and draftsman from the Duchy of Lorraine. He is an important person in the development of the old master print. He made more than 1,400 etchings that chronicled the life of his period, featuring soldiers, clowns, drunkards, Gypsies, beggars, as well as court life. He also etched many religious and military images, and many prints featured extensive landscapes in their background
1642 John de Critz one of a number of painters of Flemish and Dutch origin active at the English royal court during the reigns of James I of England and Charles I of England. He held the post of Serjeant Painter to the king from 1603, at first jointly with Leonard Fryer and from 1610 jointly with Robert Peake the Elder
1647 Frederick Henry Prince of Orange the sovereign Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel from 1625 to 1647.
1648 Ferdinando Fairfax 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1648. He was a commander in the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War
1680 René Le Bossu a French critic.
1696 Jean Domat born at Clermont in Auvergne.
1698 Claes Rålamb a Swedish statesman. In 1660 he was appointed Governor of Uppland County and in 1664 he served in the Privy Council. Between 1673 and 1678, he served as the Over-Governor of Stockholm
1710 Michel Bégon (1638–1710) a French ancien regime official. He was intendant de la marine at the port of Rochefort and intendant of the généralité of La Rochelle, as well as a passionate plant collector
1747 Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg a German aristocrat and general of Brandenburg-Prussian descent who served in the Saxon and Venetian armies in the early 18th century and found a second career in retirement in Venice, as a grand collector and patron. His sister was Melusine von der Schulenburg, Duchess of Kendal. His father was Gustavus Adolphus Baron von der Schulenberg
1748 George Wade a British Army officer who served in the Nine Years' War, War of the Spanish Succession, Jacobite rising of 1715 and War of the Quadruple Alliance before leading the construction of barracks, bridges and proper roads in Scotland. He went on to be a military commander during the War of the Austrian Succession and Commander-in-Chief of the Forces during the Jacobite rising of 1745
1757 John Byng a Royal Navy officer. After joining the navy at the age of thirteen, he participated at the Battle of Cape Passaro in 1718. Over the next thirty years he built up a reputation as a solid naval officer and received promotion to Vice-Admiral in 1747
1765 Ayagawa Gorōji a sumo wrestler. He is formally recognised as the second yokozuna
1785 Giovanni Battista Locatelli an Italian opera director, impresario and owner of a private opera company.
1791 Johann Salomo Semler a German church historian, biblical commentator, and critic of ecclesiastical documents and of the history of dogmas. Sometimes known as "the father of German rationalism"
1797 Elizabeth Smith-Stanley Countess of Derby an English peeress. As the eligible eldest daughter of the 6th Duke of Hamilton, she married the 12th Earl of Derby in 1774, giving birth to three children. Lady Derby was popular among society and considered a leader of fashion alongside the Duchess of Devonshire. Five years after the marriage, Lady Derby embarked in a very public affair with the 3rd Duke of Dorset. She eventually separated from her husband, which caused a scandal and led to her effective exile from society, especially after it was learned that she would not be marrying the Duke. Lady Derby moved abroad, only returning once her husband attracted embarrassing press attention for his very public relationship with the actress Elizabeth Farren, whom he married soon after Lady Derby's death in 1797
1800 Daines Barrington an English lawyer, antiquary and naturalist.
1801 Ignacy Krasicki Poland's leading Enlightenment poet , a critic of the clergy, Poland's La Fontaine, author of the first Polish novel, playwright, journalist, encyclopedist, and translator from French and Greek.
1803 Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock a German poet. His best known work is his epic poem Der Messias. His service to German literature was to open it up to exploration outside of French models
1805 Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki a member of the Polish szlachta and a military commander of the forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and then Poland. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded in August 1775
1806 Michał Jerzy Mniszech a Polish nobleman.
1811 Augustus FitzRoy 3rd Duke of Grafton a British Whig statesman of the Georgian era. He is one of a handful of dukes who have served as Prime Minister
1813 Christian Ehregott Weinlig a German composer and cantor of Dresden's Kreuzkirche.
1821 William Robert Broughton a British naval officer in the late 18th century. As a Lieutenant in the Royal Navy, he commanded HMS Chatham as part of the Vancouver Expedition, a voyage of exploration through the Pacific Ocean led by Captain George Vancouver in the early 1790s
1823 John Jervis 1st Earl of St Vincent an admiral in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom. Jervis served throughout the latter half of the 18th century and into the 19th, and was an active commander during the Seven Years' War, American War of Independence, French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars. He is best known for his victory at the 1797 Battle of Cape Saint Vincent, from which he earned his titles, and as a patron of Horatio Nelson
1823 Charles François Dumouriez a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars. He shared the victory at Valmy with General François Christophe Kellermann, but later deserted the Revolutionary Army, became a royalist intriguer during the reign of Napoleon and an adviser to the British government
1824 Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a German princess of the House of Wettin. By marriage, she was a Duchess of Württemberg. Through her eldest surviving son, she is the ancestress of today's House of Württemberg
1826 Jean-Baptiste Leschenault de La Tour a French botanist and ornithologist.
1840 Armand Charles Guilleminot a French general during the Napoleonic wars.
1848 Adriano Balbi born at Venice. The publication of his Prospetto politico-geografico dello stato attuale del globo obtained his election to the chair of professor of geography at the college of San Michele at Murano; in 1811–1813 he was professor of physics at the Lyceum of Fermo, and afterwards became attached to the customs office at his native city
1852 Fleury François Richard a painter of the École de Lyon. A student of Jacques-Louis David, Fleury-Richard and his friend Pierre Révoil were precursors of the Troubador style
1853 Julius Jacob von Haynau an Austrian general who was prominent in suppressing insurrectionary movements in Italy and Hungary in 1848 and later. While a hugely effective military leader, he also gained renown as an aggressive and ruthless commander. His soldiers called him the "Habsburg Tiger"; those opponents who suffered from his brutality called him the "Hyena of Brescia" and the "Hangman of Arad."
1855 Edward Bromhead a British landowner and mathematician best remembered as patron of the mathematician and physicist George Green.
1857 Tommaso Riario Sforza the Neapolitan Cardinal who, as protodeacon, announced at the end of the 1846 conclave the election of Cardinal Giovanni Mastai-Ferretti as Pope Pius IX.
1860 Carl Ritter von Ghega the designer of the Semmering Railway from Gloggnitz to Mürzzuschlag. During his time, he was the most prominent of Austrian railway engineers and architects
1860 Louis-Antoine Jullien a French conductor and composer of light music.
1861 Louis Niedermeyer a composer chiefly of church music but also of a few operas, and a teacher who took over the École Choron, duly renamed École Niedermeyer, a school for the study and practice of church music, where several eminent French musicians studied including Gabriel Fauré and André Messager.
1863 Princess Maria Augusta of Saxony the daughter of Frederick Augustus I of Saxony and Amalie of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld.
1874 Johann Heinrich von Mädler a German astronomer.
1877 Juan Manuel de Rosas a politician, army officer and caudillo who ruled Buenos Aires Province and briefly the Argentine Confederation. Although born into a wealthy family, Rosas worked hard and independently amassed a personal fortune, acquiring huge grants of lands in the process. As was common in his era, Rosas formed a private militia, enlisting his workers, and took part in the factious disputes that had led to endless civil wars in his country. Victorious in warfare, and having acquired influence, vast landholdings and a private army loyal exclusively to himself, Rosas became the quintessential caudillo, as provincial warlords in the region were known. He eventually reached the rank of brigadier general, the highest in the Argentine army, and became the indisputable leader of the Federalist Party