March 14 events in history

313 Emperor Jin Huidi is executed by Liu Cong, ruler of the Xiongnu state (Han Zhao)
1381 Chioggia concludes an alliance with Zadar and Trogir against Venice, which becomes changed in 1412 in Šibenik
1489 The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice
1590 Battle of Ivry: Henry of Navarre and the Huguenots defeat the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne during the French Wars of Religion
1647 Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm
1757 Admiral Sir John Byng is executed by firing squad aboard HMS Monarch for breach of the Articles of War
1780 American Revolutionary War: Spanish forces capture Fort Charlotte in Mobile, Alabama, the last British frontier post capable of threatening New Orleans in Spanish Louisiana
1782 Battle of Wuchale: Emperor Tekle Giyorgis pacifies a group of Oromo near Wuchale
1794 Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin
1885 The Mikado, a light opera by W. S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan, receives its first public performance in London
1900 The Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing United States currency on the gold standard
1903 The Hay–Herrán Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate would later reject the treaty
1903 The Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge is established by US President Theodore Roosevelt
1910 Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vents to atmosphere
1915 World War I: Cornered off the coast of Chile by the Royal Navy after fleeing the Battle of the Falkland Islands, the German light cruiser SMS Dresden is abandoned and scuttled by her crew
1926 El Virilla train accident, Costa Rica: A train falls off a bridge over the Río Virilla between Heredia and Tibás. 248 are killed and 93 wounded
1931 Alam Ara, India's first talking film, is released
1936 The first all-sound film version of Show Boat opens at Radio City Music Hall. (There had been a part-talkie, part-silent version of Show Boat in 1929.)
1939 Slovakia declares independence under German pressure
1942 Orvan Hess and John Bumstead became the first in the United States successfully to treat a patient, Anne Miller, using penicillin
1943 World War II: The Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"
1945 World War II: The R.A.F.'s first operational use of the Grand Slam bomb, Bielefeld, Germany
1951 Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recapture Seoul
1964 A jury in Dallas finds Jack Ruby guilty of killing Lee Harvey Oswald, the assumed assassin of John F. Kennedy
1967 The body of U.S. President John F. Kennedy is moved to a permanent burial place at Arlington National Cemetery
1972 Italian publisher and former partisan Giangiacomo Feltrinelli is killed by an explosion near Segrate
1978 The Israeli Defense Force invades and occupies southern Lebanon, in Operation Litani
1979 In China, a Hawker Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory near Beijing, killing at least 200
1980 In Poland, a plane crashes during final approach near Warsaw, killing 87 people, including a 14-man American boxing team
1984 Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast
1988 Johnson South Reef Skirmish: Chinese forces defeat Vietnamese forces in Johnson South Reef, disputed Spratly Islands
1994 Timeline of Linux development: Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released
1995 Space Exploration: Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American astronaut to ride to space on board a Russian launch vehicle
2006 Members of the Chadian military fail in an attempted coup d'état
2007 The Left Front government of West Bengal sends at least 3,000 police to Nandigram in an attempt to break Bhumi Uchhed Pratirodh Committee resistance there; the resulting clash leaves 14 dead
2007 The first World Maths Day was celebrated
2008 A series of riots, protests, and demonstrations erupt in Lhasa and elsewhere in Tibet