Born on March 15

270 Saint Nicholas a historic 4th-century Christian saint and Greek Bishop of Myra in Lycia. Because of the many miracles attributed to his intercession, he is also known as Nikolaos the Wonderworker. He had a reputation for secret gift-giving, such as putting coins in the shoes of those who left them out for him, and thus became the model for Santa Claus, whose modern name comes from the Dutch Sinterklaas, itself from a series of elisions and corruptions of the transliteration of "Saint Nikolaos". His reputation evolved among the faithful, as was common for early Christian saints. In 1087, part of the relics were furtively translated to Bari, in Apulia, Italy; for this reason, he is also known as Nikolaos of Bari. The remaining bones were taken to Venice in 1100. His feast day is 6 December
1275 Margaret of England Duchess of Brabant the tenth child and seventh daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile. Her husband was John II, Duke of Brabant, whom she married in 1290; the year of her mother's death. Margaret and John had one child, John III, Duke of Brabant
1327 Albert of Schwarzburg a member of the Saxon–Thuringian House of Schwarzburg who became a member of the Knights Hospitaller, rising to be marshal and grand preceptor of the Order, and fighting with success against the Turks.
1455 Pietro Accolti an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal. He was born in Florence, the son of Benedetto Accolti the Elder, and died at Rome
1493 Anne de Montmorency a French soldier, statesman and diplomat. He became Marshal of France and Constable of France
1584 Philip Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg the first Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg after the death of his father in 1622. He was the son of John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg and Elisabeth of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1591 Alexandre de Rhodes a French Jesuit missionary and lexicographer who had a lasting impact on Christianity in Vietnam. He wrote the Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum, the first trilingual Vietnamese-Portuguese-Latin dictionary published in Rome in 1651
1611 Jan Fyt a Flemish Baroque animal painter and etcher.
1638 Shunzhi Emperor the third emperor of the Qing dynasty and the first Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1644 to 1661. A committee of Manchu princes chose him to succeed his father, Hong Taiji , in September 1643, when he was five years old. The princes also appointed two co-regents: Dorgon , fourteenth son of Qing founder Nurhaci , and Jirgalang , one of Nurhaci's nephews, both of whom were members of the Qing imperial clan
1666 George Bähr a German architect.
1674 Jean Barbeyrac a French jurist.
1687 Jerzy Ignacy Lubomirski a Polish nobleman. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on August 3, 1727
1701 Ivan Ivanovich Khovansky a Russian boyar, son of Ivan Nikitich Khovansky, opponent of Peter the Great's reforms.
1720 Philip Duke of Parma Duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. He founded the House of Bourbon-Parma , a cadet line of the Spanish branch of the dynasty. He was a son-in-law of Louis XV
1722 Gabriel Lenkiewicz a Polish–Lithuanian Jesuit priest, and Temporary Vicar General of the Society of Jesus from 1785 until 1798, at a time when, being suppressed in all Catholic countries, the Society of Jesus was still surviving in Russia.
1737 Amarindra Queen Amarindra ,was the Queen Consort of King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke , the founder of the Chakri Dynasty. Her birth name was Nak. She was a daughter of a wealthy Mon from Bang Chang, in Samut Songkhram Province
1738 Cesare Beccaria an Italian criminologist, jurist, philosopher, and politician best known for his treatise On Crimes and Punishments , which condemned torture and the death penalty, and was a founding work in the field of penology and the Classical School of criminology. He promoted criminal justice
1746 Friedrich Heinrich Wiggers a German botanist who wrote a flora of Holstein in 1780. A number of variants of his name exist, including "Fridrich Hindrich" and the Latinisation "Fredericus Henricus" and the alternative surname "Wichers"
1754 Archibald Menzies a Scottish surgeon, botanist and naturalist.
1767 Andrew Jackson the seventh President of the United States. He was born into a recently immigrated Scots-Irish farming family of relatively modest means, near the end of the colonial era. He was born somewhere near the then-unmarked border between North and South Carolina. During the American Revolutionary War Jackson, whose family supported the revolutionary cause, acted as a courier. He was captured, at age 13, and mistreated by his British captors. He later became a lawyer, and in 1796 he was in Nashville and helped found the state of Tennessee. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, and then to the S. Senate. In 1801, Jackson was appointed colonel in the Tennessee militia, which became his political as well as military base. Jackson owned hundreds of slaves who worked on the Hermitage plantation which he acquired in 1804. Jackson killed a man in a duel in 1806, over a matter of honor regarding his wife Rachel. Jackson gained national fame through his role in the War of 1812, where he won decisive victories over the Indians and then over the main British invasion army at the Battle of New Orleans. Jackson's army was sent to Florida where, without orders, he deposed the small Spanish garrison. This led directly to the treaty which formally transferred Florida from Spain to the United States
1768 Maria Wirtemberska a Polish noble lady, writer, and philanthropist.
1771 Robert Hett Chapman a Presbyterian minister and missionary and the second president of the University of North Carolina.
1772 József Ficzkó a Slovene born Roman Catholic priest and writer. After becoming priest in the village of Peresznye near the actual Hungarian-Austrian border he became one of the most important Burgenland Croatian writers of his time
1773 Jean-Baptiste Solignac a French general, and the brother-in-law of Marshal Jean-Baptiste Jourdan.
1779 William Lamb 2nd Viscount Melbourne a British Whig statesman who served as Home Secretary and Prime Minister. He is best known for his intense and successful mentoring of Queen Victoria, at ages 18–21, in the ways of politics. Historians conclude that Melbourne does not rank high as a prime minister, for there were no great foreign wars or domestic issues to handle, he lacked major achievements and enunciated no grand principles. "But he was kind, honest, and not self-seeking."
1790 Nicola Vaccai an Italian composer, particularly of operas, and a singing teacher.
1791 Charles Knight (publisher) an English publisher, editor and author.
1794 Friedrich Christian Diez a philologist. The two works on which his fame rests are the Grammar of the Romance Languages , and the Etymological Dictionary of the Romance Languages. He spent most of his career at University of Bonn
1795 Adolf Bernhard Marx a German composer, musical theorist and critic.
1801 George Perkins Marsh considered by some to be America's first environmentalist and the precursor to the sustainability concept, although "conservationist" would be more accurate. The Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park in Vermont takes its name, in part, from Marsh
1803 Alexandre Boreau a French pharmacist and botanist. He is the binomial authority of plants such as Polygonum arenastrum and Pulmonaria longifolia
1809 Karl Josef von Hefele a Roman Catholic bishop and theologian of Germany.
1809 Joseph Jenkins Roberts the first and seventh President of Liberia. Born free in Norfolk, Virginia, US, Roberts emigrated to Liberia in 1829 as a young man. He opened a trading store in Monrovia, and later engaged in politics. When Liberia became independent in 1847, Roberts was elected the first president, serving until 1856. In 1872 he was elected again to serve as Liberia's seventh president
1810 Jakob Becker a German painter.
1813 John Snow (physician) an English physician and a leader in the adoption of anaesthesia and medical hygiene. He is considered one of the fathers of modern epidemiology, in part because of his work in tracing the source of a cholera outbreak in Soho, London, in 1854. His findings inspired fundamental changes in the water and waste systems of London, which led to similar changes in other cities, and a significant improvement in general public health around the world
1816 Wolfgang Müller von Königswinter a German novelist and poet. He settled in Cologne, and became a popular poet, novelist, and chronicler of the Rhine region
1818 Mariano Álvarez a Filipino revolutionary and statesman.
1818 Leopold Hasner von Artha an Austrian civil servant and statesman. He served as the 4th Minister-President of Cisleithania
1820 Roualeyn George Gordon-Cumming a Scottish traveller and sportsman, known as the "lion hunter". He was the second son of William Gordon Gordon-Cumming, 2nd Baronet
1821 Johann Josef Loschmidt a notable Austrian scientist who performed ground-breaking work in chemistry, physics , and crystal forms.
1824 Jules Chevalier a French Roman Catholic priest and founder of the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart and Daughters of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Roman Catholic religious institutes, and the inspiration for the members of the Chevalier Family.
1825 Aníbal Pinto a Chilean political figure. He served as the president of Chile between 1876 and 1881
1829 Jean-Jacques Henner a French painter, noted for his use of sfumato and chiaroscuro in painting nudes, religious subjects, and portraits.
1830 Paul Heyse a distinguished German writer and translator. A member of two important literary societies, the Tunnel über der Spree in Berlin and Die Krokodile in Munich, he wrote novels, poetry, 177 short stories, and about sixty dramas. The sum of Heyse's many and varied productions made him a dominant figure among German men of letters. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1910 "as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories." Wirsen, one of the Nobel judges, said that "Germany has not had a greater literary genius since Goethe." Heyse is the fourth oldest laureate in literature, after Doris Lessing, Theodor Mommsen and Jaroslav Seifert
1830 Élisée Reclus a renowned French geographer, writer and anarchist. He produced his 19-volume masterwork La Nouvelle Géographie universelle, la terre et les hommes , over a period of nearly 20 years. In 1892 he was awarded the prestigious Gold Medal of the Paris Geographical Society for this work, despite his having been banished from France because of his political activism
1830 John Moresby a British Naval Officer who explored the coast of New Guinea and discovered the site of Port Moresby.
1831 Edward A. Perry a general under Robert Lee during the American Civil War and the 14th Governor of Florida.
1831 Daniel Comboni a canonized saint.
1832 Antonin Proust a French journalist and politician.
1833 Géza Fejérváry a Hungarian general who served as the prime minister in a government of bureaucrats appointed by King Franz Joseph during the Hungarian Constitutional Crisis of 1903–1907.