Born on March 16

455 Heraclius (primicerius sacri cubiculi) an influential eunuch of the Western Roman Emperor Valentinian III.
1338 Thomas de Beauchamp 12th Earl of Warwick an English medieval nobleman, and one of the primary opponents of Richard II.
1399 Xuande Emperor the fifth emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China from 1425 to 1435. His era name means "Proclamation of Virtue"
1445 Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg a Swiss-born priest, considered one of the greatest of the popular preachers of the 15th century.
1465 Kunigunde of Austria an Austrian Archduchess member of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Duchess of Bavaria-Munich and since 1503 over all Bavaria.
1473 Henry IV Duke of Saxony a Duke of Saxony from the House of Wettin.
1516 Serapion of Novgorod Archbishop of Novgorod the Great and Pskov from 1506 to 1509. He is a saint of the Russian Orthodox Church; his feast day is March 16 by the Julian calendar
1547 François Vatable a French humanist scholar, a Hellenist and Hebraist.
1581 Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft a Dutch historian, poet and playwright from the period known as the Dutch Golden Age.
1585 Gerbrand Adriaenszoon Bredero a Dutch poet and playwright in the period known as the Dutch Golden Age.
1596 Ebba Brahe a Swedish countess, landowner and courtier. She is foremost known for being the love object of king Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, and because he wished to marry her prior to his marriage, plans which were however never realized. Their love affair has been famous in the Swedish romantic history and the subject of fiction, and are documented in their preserved correspondence
1631 René Le Bossu a French critic.
1654 Andreas Acoluthus a German scholar of orientalism and professor of theology at Breslau. A native of Bernstadt , Lower Silesia, he was the son of Johannes Acoluthus, pastor of Elisabeth and superintendent of the churches and schools of Breslau
1663 Jean-Baptiste Matho a French composer of the Baroque era. Born in Montfort-sur-Meu near Rennes, his name was originally F. Thomassin. As a child, Matho attracted attention for the quality of his singing voice and he was sent to Versailles where he began a career as one of the king's musicians. In 1720, he became Master of the King's Music and was charged with the musical education of the young Louis XV alongside François Couperin and Jean-Joseph Mouret. He wrote several works for the stage, including the tragédie en musique Arion as well as ballets and other divertissements
1687 Sophia Dorothea of Hanover a Queen consort in Prussia as wife of Frederick William She was the sister of George II of Great Britain and the mother of Frederick II of Prussia.
1719 Prince Georg Ludwig of Holstein-Gottorp a Prussian lieutenant-general and an Imperial Russian field marshal.
1729 Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg heiress to the barony of Broich and by marriage Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt. She was the grandmother and educator of Princess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who later became Queen consort of Prussia
1738 Józef Kossakowski (bishop) a Polish noble , bishop of Livonia from 1781, political activist, writer, and supporter of Russian Empire.
1740 Johann Jacob Schweppe a German-born naturalised Swiss watchmaker and amateur scientist who developed the first practical process to manufacture carbonated mineral water, based on a process discovered by Joseph Priestley in 1770.
1741 Carlo Amoretti an ecclesiastic, scholar, writer, and scientist. He entered the Augustinian order in 1757. To further his studies, he went to Pavia and Parma where he also taught ecclesiastical law
1750 Caroline Herschel a German British astronomer and the sister of astronomer Sir William Herschel with whom she worked throughout both of their careers. Her most significant contributions to astronomy were the discoveries of several comets and in particular the periodic comet 35P/Herschel-Rigollet, which bears her name
1751 James Madison an American statesman, political theorist and the fourth President of the United States. He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for being instrumental in the drafting of the United States Constitution and as the key champion and author of the United States Bill of Rights. He served as a politician much of his adult life
1757 Bengt Lidner a Swedish poet, born in Gothenburg. His opera Medea was translated to English and played in England during his lifetime, but wasn't played in Sweden until 2004
1760 Johann Heinrich Meyer a Swiss painter and art writer active in Weimar. A pupil of Henry Fuseli, he went to Rome in 1784, and befriended Goethe in 1787, becoming his right-hand-man in artistic matters. From 1791 he lived in Weimar, working from 1806 as director of its Fürstlichen freien Zeichenschule
1771 Antoine-Jean Gros both a French history and neoclassical painter.
1773 Juan Ramón Balcarce an Argentine military leader and politician.
1774 Matthew Flinders a distinguished English navigator and cartographer, who was the first to circumnavigate Australia and identify it as a continent.
1789 Georg Ohm a German physicist and mathematician. As a school teacher, Ohm began his research with the new electrochemical cell, invented by Italian scientist Alessandro Volta. Using equipment of his own creation, Ohm found that there is a direct proportionality between the potential difference applied across a conductor and the resultant electric current. This relationship is known as Ohm's law
1789 Francis Rawdon Chesney a British general and explorer.
1794 Ami Boué born at Hamburg, and received his early education there and in Geneva and Paris.
1797 Alaric Alexander Watts British poet and journalist, born in London. His life was dedicated to newspaper creation and edition and was seen as a conservative writer. Such a life led him to bankruptcy until a pension was awarded to him by a friend, Lord Aberdeen
1798 Jacques Jasmin an Occitan poet.
1799 Anna Atkins an English botanist and photographer. She is often considered the first person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images. Some sources claim that she was the first woman to create a photograph
1800 Emperor Ninkō the 120th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1805 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx a German philologist and politician.
1812 Juraj Dobrila a Catholic bishop and benefactor from Istria who advocated for greater national rights for Croats under foreign rule.
1813 Gaëtan de Rochebouët a French general who served as Prime Minister for less than a month in late 1877.
1815 William Reeves (bishop) an Irish antiquarian and the Church of Ireland Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore from 1886 until his death. He was the last private keeper of the Book of Armagh and at the time of his death was President of the Royal Irish Academy
1818 Marie-Nicolas-Antoine Daveluy a French missionary and saint.
1820 Enrico Tamberlik an Italian tenor who sang to great acclaim at Europe and America's leading opera venues. He excelled in the heroic roles of the Italian and French repertories and was renowned for his powerful declamation and clarion high notes
1821 Eduard Heine a German mathematician.
1821 Ernest-Aimé Feydeau a French writer and the father of the notorious comic playwright Georges Feydeau.
1822 Rosa Bonheur a French animalière, realist artist, and sculptor. As a painter she became famous primarily for two chief works: Ploughing in the Nivernais , which was first exhibited at the Salon of 1848, and is now in the Musée d’Orsay in Paris, depicts a team of oxen ploughing a field while attended by peasants set against a vast pastoral landscape; and, The Horse Fair which was exhibited at the Salon of 1853 and is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York City. Bonheur is widely considered to have been the most famous female painter of the nineteenth century
1822 John Pope (military officer) a career United States Army officer and Union general in the American Civil War. He had a brief but successful career in the Western Theater, but he is best known for his defeat at the Second Battle of Bull Run in the East
1823 William Henry Monk Known in his day as an organist, church musician, and music editor, William Henry Monk composed popular hymn tunes, including one of the most famous, "Eventide", used for the hymn "Abide with Me". He also wrote music for church services and anthems
1823 Mikhail Sidorov a Siberian goldmine owner. Sidorov was also pioneering entrepreneur in Russia’s Arctic who had a vision for the development of trade along the Northern Sea Route. Along with wealthy Swedish merchant and philanthropist of Scottish origin Oskar Dickson, Sidorov sponsored voyages to the Siberian North for several years
1824 Alexey Bogolyubov a Russian landscape painter.
1825 Camilo Castelo Branco a prolific Portuguese writer of the 19th century, having produced over 260 books. His writing is considered original in that it combines the dramatic and sentimental spirit of Romanticism with a highly personal combination of sarcasm, bitterness and dark humour. He is also celebrated for his peculiar wit and anecdotal character, as well as for his turbulent life
1828 Émile Deshayes de Marcère a French politician.
1828 Patrick Cleburne an Irish American soldier, best known for his service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, where he rose to the rank of major general.