Died on March 16

455 Valentinian III Western Roman Emperor from 425 to 455. His reign was marked by the ongoing dismemberment of the Western Empire
1021 Heribert of Cologne Archbishop of Cologne and Chancellor of Holy Roman Emperor Otto III, and was canonized 1074.
1185 Baldwin IV of Jerusalem called the Leper or the Leprous, reigned as King of Jerusalem from 1174 until his death. He was the son of Amalric I of Jerusalem and his first wife, Agnes of Courtenay
1278 William IV Count of Jülich the son and heir of William III of Jülich and Mathilde of Limburg, daughter of Waleran III, Duke of Limburg.
1279 Joan Countess of Ponthieu Queen consort of Castile and León , suo jure Countess of Ponthieu and Aumale. Her daughter, the English queen Eleanor of Castile, was her successor in Ponthieu. Her son and co-ruler in Aumale, Ferdinand II, Count of Aumale, predeceased her, so she was succeeded by her grandson John I, Count of Aumale, deceased at the Battle of Courtrai, 11 July 1302
1322 Humphrey de Bohun 4th Earl of Hereford a member of a powerful Anglo-Norman family of the Welsh Marches and was one of the Ordainers who opposed Edward II's excesses.
1405 Margaret III Countess of Flanders the last Countess of Flanders of the House of Dampierre, Countess of Artois and Countess Palatine of Burgundy and twice Duchess consort of Burgundy.
1410 John Beaufort 1st Earl of Somerset the first of the four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress Katherine Swynford, later his wife. Beaufort was born in about 1371 and his surname probably reflects his father's lordship of Beaufort in Champagne, France
1425 Leonardo Dati an Italian friar and humanist. He was Master general of the Dominican Order from 1414 to his death
1457 Ladislaus Hunyadi a Hungarian statesman.
1485 Anne Neville an English queen, the daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick. She became Princess of Wales as the wife of Edward of Westminster and then Queen of England as the wife of King Richard III
1520 Martin Waldseemüller a German cartographer. He and Matthias Ringmann are credited with the first recorded usage of the word America, on the 1507 map Universalis Cosmographia in honour of the Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci
1544 Louis V Elector Palatine a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty was prince elector of the Palatinate. His parents were Philip, Elector Palatine, and Margaret, a daughter of Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria-Landshut
1559 Anthony St Leger (Lord Deputy of Ireland) an English politician and Lord Deputy of Ireland during the Tudor period.
1606 Gaspar de Zúñiga 5th Count of Monterrey Acevedo y Fonseca, 5th Count of Monterrey , Spanish nobleman, the ninth viceroy of New Spain. He governed from November 5, 1595 to October 26, 1603. From January 18, 1604 until his death in 1606, he was viceroy of Peru
1629 Countess Emilia of Nassau the third and youngest daughter of William the Silent and his second wife Anna of Saxony.
1649 Jean de Brébeuf a French Jesuit missionary who travelled to New France in 1625. There he worked primarily with the Huron for the rest of his life, except for a time back in France from 1629 to 1633. He learned their language and culture
1650 Sophie Elisabeth of Brandenburg a Princess of Brandenburg by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg.
1664 Ivan Vyhovsky a hetman of the Ukrainian Cossacks during three years of the Russo-Polish War. He was the successor to the famous hetman and rebel leader Bohdan Khmelnytsky. His time as hetman was characterized by his generally pro-Polish policies, which led to his defeat by pro-Russian faction among the Cossacks
1675 François Joseph Duke of Guise the only son of Louis Joseph de Lorraine, Duke of Guise and Élisabeth Marguerite d'Orléans, suo jure duchess of Alençon.
1679 John Leverett an English colonial magistrate, merchant, soldier and governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Born in England, he came to Massachusetts as a teenager. He was a leading merchant in the colony, and served in its military. In the 1640s he went back to England to fight in the English Civil War
1696 Louis Laneau a French Bishop of the 17th century who was active in the kingdom of Siam. He was a member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society. He was initially nominated as the replacement of Mgr Ignace Cotolendi in charge of Nankin
1698 Leonora Christina Ulfeldt the daughter of King Christian IV of Denmark and wife of Steward of the Realm–cum–traitor Count Corfitz Ulfeldt. Renowned in Denmark since the 19th century for her posthumously published autobiography, Jammers Minde, written secretly during two decades of solitary confinement in a royal dungeon, her intimate version of the major events she witnessed in Europe's history, interwoven with ruminations on her woes as a political prisoner, still commands popular interest, scholarly respect, and has virtually become the stuff of legend as retold and enlivened in Danish literature and art
1712 Johann Georg Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels a duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt and a member of the House of Wettin.
1721 James Craggs the Elder an English politician and the father of James Craggs the Younger.
1736 Giovanni Battista Pergolesi an Italian composer, violinist and organist.
1737 Benjamin Wadsworth an early American clergyman and educator. He was trained at Harvard College. He served as minister of the First Church in Boston; and as president of Harvard from 1725 until his death
1738 George Bähr a German architect.
1741 Eleonora Luisa Gonzaga the Duchess of Rovere and Montefeltro as the wife of Francesco Maria de' Medici. She was the only child of Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Guastalla and Sabbioneta and his second wife, Maria Vittoria Gonzaga. She did not bear any children
1743 Jean-Baptiste Matho a French composer of the Baroque era. Born in Montfort-sur-Meu near Rennes, his name was originally F. Thomassin. As a child, Matho attracted attention for the quality of his singing voice and he was sent to Versailles where he began a career as one of the king's musicians. In 1720, he became Master of the King's Music and was charged with the musical education of the young Louis XV alongside François Couperin and Jean-Joseph Mouret. He wrote several works for the stage, including the tragédie en musique Arion as well as ballets and other divertissements
1747 Christian August Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania. He was a ruler of the Principality of Anhalt-Dornburg, then, from 1742, a ruler of the entire Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst. He was also a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall, but is best known for being the father of Catherine the Great of Russia
1764 Frederick Augustus Rutowsky a Saxon Field Marshal who commanded Saxon forces in the Siege of Pirna during the Seven Years' War.
1798 Aloys Blumauer an Austrian poet.
1801 Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia a daughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia and sister of Emperors Alexander I and Nicholas She became Archduchess of Austria upon her marriage to Archduke Joseph of Austria, Governor of Hungary.
1803 Demetrius Alekseyevich Gallitzin a Russian diplomat.
1807 Hyde Parker (admiral) an admiral of the British Royal Navy.
1816 Roger Ducos a French political figure during the Revolution and First Empire, a member of the National Convention, and of the Directory.
1816 Giuseppe Jannacconi an Italian composer, one of the last in the style of Palestrina.
1822 Jeanne-Louise-Henriette Campan a French educator, writer and lady-in-waiting. In the service of Marie Antoinette before and during the French Revolution, she was afterwards headmistress of the first "Maison d'éducation de la Légion d'honneur", as appointed by Napoleon in 1807
1826 Johann Severin Vater a German theologian, biblical scholar, and linguist.
1838 Nathaniel Bowditch an early American mathematician remembered for his work on ocean navigation. He is often credited as the founder of modern maritime navigation; his book The New American Practical Navigator, first published in 1802, is still carried on board every commissioned U.S. Naval vessel
1841 Félix Savart primarily known for the Biot–Savart law of electromagnetism, which he discovered together with his colleague Jean-Baptiste Biot. His main interest was in acoustics and the study of vibrating bodies. A particular interest in the violin led him to create an experimental trapezoidal model. He gave his name to the savart, a unit of measurement for musical intervals, and to Savart's wheel—a device he used while investigating the range of human hearing
1843 Anton Reinhard Falck a Dutch statesman.
1854 Johann Ender an Austrian painter.
1858 Osip Senkovsky a Polish-Russian orientalist, journalist, and entertainer.
1858 Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck a prolific German botanist, physician, zoologist, and natural philosopher. He was a contemporary of Goethe and was born within the lifetime of Linnaeus. He described approximately 7,000 plant species. His last official act as president of the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina was to admit Charles Darwin as a member. He was the author of numerous monographs on botany and zoology. His best-known works deal with fungi
1861 Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld the mother of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
1862 Joseph Christian Freiherr von Zedlitz an Austrian dramatist and epic poet.
1876 Wolfgang Sartorius von Waltershausen a German geologist.
1877 Bede Polding (bishop) the first Roman Catholic Bishop and then Archbishop of Sydney, Australia.