March 16 events in history

455 Emperor Valentinian III is assassinated by two Hunnic retainers while training with the bow on the Campus Martius (Rome)
934 Meng Zhixiang declares himself emperor and establishes Later Shu as a new state independent of Later Tang
1190 Massacre of Jews at Clifford's Tower, York
1244 Over 200 Cathars are burned after the Fall of Montségur
1322 The Battle of Boroughbridge take place in the Despenser Wars
1621 Samoset, a Mohegan, visited the settlers of Plymouth Colony and greets them, "Welcome, Englishmen! My name is Samoset."
1660 The Long Parliament of England is dissolved so as to prepare for the new Convention Parliament
1689 The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded
1782 American Revolutionary War: Spanish troops capture the British-held island of Roatán
1792 King Gustav III of Sweden is shot; he dies on March 29
1802 The Army Corps of Engineers is established to found and operate the United States Military Academy at West Point
1812 Battle of Badajoz (March 16 – April 6) – British and Portuguese forces besieged and defeated French garrison during Peninsular War
1815 Prince Willem proclaims himself King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, the first constitutional monarch in the Netherlands
1818 In the Second Battle of Cancha Rayada, Spanish forces defeated Chileans under José de San Martín
1861 Edward Clark becomes Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who has been evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy
1864 American Civil War: During the Red River Campaign, Union troops reach Alexandria, Louisiana
1865 American Civil War: The Battle of Averasborough began as Confederate forces suffer irreplaceable casualties in the final months of the war
1872 The Wanderers F.C. won the first FA Cup, the oldest football competition in the world, beating Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1-0 at The Oval in Kennington, London
1900 Sir Arthur Evans purchased the land around the ruins of Knossos, the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete
1912 Lawrence Oates, an ill member of Robert Falcon Scott's South Pole expedition, left his tent to die, saying: "I am just going outside and may be some time."
1916 The 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing cross the US-Mexico border to join the hunt for Pancho Villa
1924 In accordance with the Treaty of Rome, Fiume becomes annexed as part of Italy
1926 History of Rocketry: Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, Massachusetts
1935 Adolf Hitler orders Germany to rearm herself in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Conscription is reintroduced to form the Wehrmacht
1936 Warmer-than-normal temperatures rapidly melt snow and ice on the upper Allegheny and Monongahela rivers and lead to a major flood in Pittsburgh
1939 From Prague Castle, Hitler proclaims Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate
1939 Marriage of Princess Fawzia of Egypt to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran
1940 First person killed in a German bombing raid on the UK in World War II during a raid on Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands, James Isbister
1942 The first V-2 rocket test launch. It exploded at lift-off
1945 World War II: The Battle of Iwo Jima ended, but small pockets of Japanese resistance persisted
1945 Ninety percent of Würzburg, Germany is destroyed in only 20 minutes by British bombers. 5,000 are killed
1950 Communist Czechoslovakia's ministry of foreign affairs asks nuncios of Vatican to leave the country
1958 The Ford Motor Company produces its 50 millionth automobile, the Thunderbird, averaging almost a million cars a year since the company's founding
1962 A Flying Tiger Line Super Constellation disappears in the western Pacific Ocean, with all 107 aboard missing and presumed dead
1966 Launch of Gemini 8, the 12th manned American space flight and first space docking with the Agena Target Vehicle
1968 Vietnam War: In the My Lai massacre, between 347 and 500 Vietnamese villagers (men, women, and children) are killed by American troops
1968 General Motors produces its 100 millionth automobile, the Oldsmobile Toronado
1969 A Viasa McDonnell Douglas DC-9 crashes in Maracaibo, Venezuela, killing 155
1976 British Prime Minister Harold Wilson resigns, citing personal reasons
1977 Assassination of Kamal Jumblatt, the main leader of the anti-government forces in the Lebanese Civil War
1978 Former Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro is kidnapped and later killed by his captors
1978 Supertanker Amoco Cadiz splits in two after running aground on the Portsall Rocks, three miles off the coast of Brittany, resulting in the 5th-largest oil spill in history
1979 Sino-Vietnamese War: The People's Liberation Army crosses the border back into China, ends the war
1983 Demolition of the radio tower Ismaning, the last wooden radio tower in Germany
1984 William Buckley, the CIA station chief in Beirut, Lebanon, is kidnapped by Islamic fundamentalists and later died in captivity
1985 Associated Press newsman Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut. He is released on December 4, 1991
1988 Iran-Contra Affair: Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North and Vice Admiral John Poindexter are indicted on charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States
1988 Halabja poison gas attack: The Kurdish town of Halabjah in Iraq is attacked with a mix of poison gas and nerve agents on the orders of Saddam Hussein, killing 5000 people and injuring about 10000 people
1988 The Troubles: Ulster loyalist militant Michael Stone attacks a Provisional IRA funeral in Belfast with pistols and grenades. Three people are killed and more than 60 wounded. The attack was filmed by news crews
1989 In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found near the Pyramid of Cheops