Died on March 17

45 Titus Labienus a professional Roman soldier in the late Roman Republic. He served as Tribune of the Plebs in 63 BC, and is remembered as one of Julius Caesar's lieutenants, mentioned frequently in the accounts of his military campaigns. He was the father of Quintus Labienus
180 Marcus Aurelius Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in 169. He was the last of the Five Good Emperors, and is also considered one of the most important Stoic philosophers
624 Amr ibn Hishām one of the Meccan polytheist pagan Qurayshi leaders known for his hostility against the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the early Muslims in Mecca. He was one of the arch-enemies of Muḥammad and the flag-bearer of disbelief and hatred towards Islam and the early Muslims. His malevolence and enmity was to such an extent that Muhammad gave him the title of ‘The Pharaoh of this Ummah’. Muhammad also said, “He who calls Abu Jahl 'Abu Hakam' has made a serious mistake. He should seek forgiveness from Allah for this.”
659 Gertrude of Nivelles a seventh-century abbess who, with her mother Itta, founded the Benedictine monastery of Nivelles in present-day Belgium. Although she was never formally canonized, in 1677 Pope Clement XII declared her universal feast day to be March 17. She is the patron saint of travelers, gardeners, and cats, and against rats and mental illness
787 Han Huang an official of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, serving as a chancellor during the reign of Emperor Dezong. He was praised by traditional historians for his frugality and personal integrity, but blamed for being overly harsh and cruel in his governance
1040 Harold Harefoot King of England from 1035 to 1040. His cognomen "Harefoot" referred to his speed, and the skill of his huntsmanship. He was the younger son of Cnut the Great, king of England, Denmark, and Norway by his first wife, Ælfgifu of Northampton
1058 Lulach King of Scots between 15 August 1057 and 17 March 1058.
1181 Henry I Count of Champagne count of Champagne from 1152 to 1181. He was the eldest son of Count Thibaut II of Champagne and his wife, Matilda of Carinthia
1199 Jocelin of Glasgow a twelfth-century Cistercian monk and cleric who became the fourth Abbot of Melrose before becoming Bishop of Glasgow, Scotland. He was probably born in the 1130s, and in his teenage years became a monk of Melrose Abbey. He rose in the service of Abbot Waltheof, and by the time of the short abbacy of Waltheof's successor Abbot William, Jocelin had become prior. Then in 1170 Jocelin himself became abbot, a position he held for four years. Jocelin was responsible for promoting the cult of the emerging Saint Waltheof, and in this had the support of Enguerrand, Bishop of Glasgow
1266 Peter of Montereau a French architect. He is widely recognized as one of the most important proponents of Gothic architecture, though little is known of his life and sources vary as to which buildings are by him
1272 Emperor Go-Saga the 88th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years 1242 through 1246
1391 Uliana of Tver a daughter of Prince Alexander of Tver and Anastasia of Halych. She was the second wife of Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania
1394 Louis Count of Enghien titular Duke of Athens, Count of Brienne and Lord of Enghien 1381–1394, Count of Conversano 1356–1394. His coat-of-arms was "Enghien , a label gules bezantee"
1425 Ashikaga Yoshikazu the 5th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1423 to 1425 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshikazu was the son of the fourth shogun Ashikaga Yoshimochi
1516 Giuliano de' Medici Duke of Nemours an Italian nobleman, the third son of Lorenzo the Magnificent.
1527 Rana Sanga the Rajput ruler of Mewar, which was located within the geographic boundaries of present-day India's modern state of Rajasthan. He ruled between 1509 and 1527
1542 Angelo Beolco an Italian actor and playwright.
1565 Alexander Ales a Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg.
1578 Cornelis Cort a Dutch engraver and draughtsman. He spent the last 12 years of his life in Italy, where he was known as Cornelio Fiammingo
1591 Jost Amman a Swiss artist, celebrated chiefly for his woodcuts, done mainly for book illustrations.
1620 John Sarkander a Polish and Moravian priest.
1640 Philip Massinger an English dramatist. His finely plotted plays, including A New Way to Pay Old Debts, The City Madam and The Roman Actor, are noted for their satire and realism, and their political and social themes
1650 Carl Gyllenhielm a Swedish soldier and politician. He was made a baron in 1615, appointed Field Marshal in 1616, Privy Councilor in 1617, Governor General of Ingria in 1617 and served as Lord High Admiral from 1620 until his death
1657 Johann Baptist Cysat named. Born in Lucerne, the eighth of 14 children, his father, Renward Cysat , had been active since 1575 in Lucerne as Kanzler and had published the first printed European book concerning Japan, called Von den Japanischen Inseln und Königreichen
1667 Philippe Labbe a French Jesuit writer on historical, geographical and philological questions.
1680 François de La Rochefoucauld (writer) a noted French author of maxims and memoirs. His is a clear-eyed, worldly view of human conduct that indulges in neither condemnation nor sentimentality. Born in Paris on the Rue des Petits Champs, at a time when the royal court was oscillating between aiding the nobility and threatening it, he was considered an exemplar of the accomplished 17th-century nobleman. Until 1650, he bore the title of Prince de Marcillac
1681 Zheng Jing a 17th-century Chinese warlord and Ming Dynasty loyalist. He was the eldest son of Koxinga and a grandson of the pirate-merchant Zheng Zhilong. After the conquest of Taiwan in 1662 by his father, Zheng Jing controlled the military forces in Xiamen and Quemoy on his father's behalf. Upon the death of his father six months later, Zheng Jing contested throne as the King of Taiwan with his uncle, Zheng Shixi. The dispute was resolved in Zheng Jing's favor after he successfully landed an army in Taiwan despite strong opposition by the forces of his uncle. This was followed by Zheng Shixi withdrawing his claim
1690 Jan van Mieris a Dutch painter.
1690 Patriarch Joachim of Moscow the eleventh Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, an opponent of the Raskol , and a founder of the Slavic Greek Latin Academy.
1704 Menno van Coehoorn a Dutch soldier and military engineer. He made a number of influential weaponry innovations in siege warfare and fortification techniques. He was also known as the "Dutch Vauban", after his famous French counterpart, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban
1713 Juraj Jánošík a famous Slovak highwayman. Jánošík has been the main character of many Slovak and Polish legends, novels, poems and films. He is a semi-legendary character in Central Europe
1715 Gilbert Burnet a Scottish theologian and historian, and Bishop of Salisbury. He was fluent in Dutch, French, Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. Burnet was respected as a cleric, a preacher, and an academic, as well as a writer and historian. He was associated with the Whig party
1741 Jean-Baptiste Rousseau a French dramatist and poet, particularly noted for his short cynical epigrams.
1743 Dorothea Wilhelmine of Saxe-Zeitz a duchess of Saxe-Zeitz by birth and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel.
1748 Pietro Giannone an Italian historian born in Ischitella, in the province of Capitanata. He opposed the papal influence in Naples, for which he was imprisoned for twelve years until his death
1752 Jacques-Pierre de Taffanel de la Jonquière Marquis de la Jonquière a French admiral and Governor General of New France from March 1, 1749 until his death in 1752.
1764 George Parker 2nd Earl of Macclesfield an English peer and astronomer.
1782 Daniel Bernoulli a Swiss mathematician and physicist and was one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family. He is particularly remembered for his applications of mathematics to mechanics, especially fluid mechanics, and for his pioneering work in probability and statistics. His name is commemorated in the Bernoulli principle, a particular example of the conservation of energy, which describes the mathematics of the mechanism underlying the operation of two important technologies of the 20th century: the carburetor and the airplane wing
1793 Leopold Hofmann an Austrian composer of classical music.
1805 Franz Xaver von Wulfen a botanist, zoologist, mineralogist, alpinist, and Jesuit priest. He is credited with discovering the flowering plants Wulfenia carinthiaca, Saxifraga moschata, and Stellaria bulbosa. In 1845 the lead molybdate mineral wulfenite was named in his honor by Wilhelm Karl von Haidinger
1813 Jacques Pierre Abbatucci a Corsican who became an officer in the army of Genoese Corsica, ancien regime France and the First French Republic.
1821 Louis-Marcelin de Fontanes a French poet and politician.
1826 Józef Maksymilian Ossoliński a Polish nobleman, politician, writer, researcher of literature, and founder of the Ossoliński Institute.
1826 Ferdinand Bauer an Austrian botanical illustrator who travelled on Matthew Flinders' expedition to Australia.
1828 James Edward Smith an English botanist and founder of the Linnean Society.
1830 Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr a French commander in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars who rose to Marshal of France and Marquis.
1831 Napoléon Louis Bonaparte the middle son of Louis I of Holland and Hortense de Beauharnais. His father was the younger brother of Napoléon I and reigned as King of Holland from 1806 to 1810, while his mother was the daughter of Josephine de Beauharnais, Napoléon's first wife
1845 Pierre François Marie Auguste Dejean a French entomologist. A soldier of fortune during the Napoleonic Wars, he rose to the rank of Lieutenant General and aide de campe to Napoleon. He amassed vast collections of Coleoptera, some even collected on the battlefield at Waterloo. He listed 22,399 species in his cabinets in 1837—at the time, the greatest collection of Coleoptera in the world. In 1802, he began publishing a catalogue of his vast collection, including 22,000 species names. Dejean was an opponent of the Principle of Priority in nomenclature. "I have made it a rule always to preserve the name most generally used , and not the oldest one; because it seems to me that general usage should always be followed and that it is harmful to change what has already been established". Dejean acted accordingly and often introduced in litteris names, given by himself to replace those already published by other authors. They became invalid. Dejean was president of the Société entomologique de France for the year 1840. In 1834, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He died on March 17, 1845
1846 Friedrich Bessel a German astronomer, mathematician. He was the first astronomer to determine the distance from the sun to another star by the method of parallax
1847 Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard Grandville generally known by the pseudonym of Jean-Jacques or J. Grandville, was a French caricaturist