March 18 in history

March 18 events chronologically

37 The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius's will and proclaims Caligula emperor
235 Emperor Alexander Severus and his mother Julia Mamaea are murdered by legionaries near Mogontiacum (modern Mainz), ending the Severan dynasty
633 Ridda Wars: The Arabian Peninsula is united under the central authority of Caliph Abu Bakr
1229 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, declares himself King of Jerusalem in the Sixth Crusade
1241 First Mongol invasion of Poland: Mongols overwhelm Polish armies in Kraków in the Battle of Chmielnik and plunder the city
1314 Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake
1438 Albert II of Habsburg becomes Holy Roman Emperor

Top 7 most famous people born on March 18

1813 David Livingstone a Scottish Congregationalist pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society and an explorer in Africa. His meeting with M. Stanley on 10 November 1871 gave rise to the popular quotation "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" Perhaps one of the most popular national heroes of the late 19th century in Victorian Britain, Livingstone had a mythic status, which operated on a number of interconnected levels: Protestant missionary martyr, working-class "rags to riches" inspirational story, scientific investigator and explorer, imperial reformer, anti-slavery crusader, and advocate of commercial empire. His fame as an explorer helped drive forward the obsession with discovering the sources of the River Nile that formed the culmination of the classic period of European geographical discovery and colonial penetration of the African continent
1837 Grover Cleveland the 22nd and 24th President of the United States; and, therefore was the only US president to serve two nonconsecutive terms and to be counted twice in the numbering of the presidents. He was the winner of the popular vote for president three times—in 1884, 1888, and 1892—and was one of the two Democrats elected to the presidency in the era of Republican political domination dating from 1861 to 1933
1844 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five. He was a master of orchestration. His best-known orchestral compositions—Capriccio Espagnol, the Russian Easter Festival Overture, and the symphonic suite Scheherazade—are staples of the classical music repertoire, along with suites and excerpts from some of his 15 operas. Scheherazade is an example of his frequent use of fairy tale and folk subjects
1869 Neville Chamberlain a British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940. Chamberlain is best known for his appeasement foreign policy, and in particular for his signing of the Munich Agreement in 1938, conceding the German-populated Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia to Germany. However when Adolf Hitler continued his aggression by invading Poland, Britain declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939, and Chamberlain led Britain through the first eight months of World War II
1932 John Updike an American novelist, poet, short story writer, art critic, and literary critic.
1979 Adam Levine an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and actor, widely known as the lead vocalist for the Los Angeles pop rock band, Maroon 5.
1981 Fabian Cancellara a Swiss professional road bicycle racer for UCI ProTeam Trek Factory Racing. He was born in Wohlen bei Bern, Switzerland. Cancellara began road cycling after falling in love with an old bike at the age of thirteen. After that, he then began to take the sport more seriously and he won two consecutive World Junior Time Trial Championships in 1998 and 1999. At age nineteen he turned professional and signed with the Mapei-Quick Step team, where he rode as a stagiaire. He is known for being a quality time trialist, a classics specialist, and being a workhorse for his teammates that have general classification aspirations

Top 7 most famous people died on March 18

1745 Robert Walpole generally regarded as the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. Although the exact dates of his dominance are a matter of scholarly debate, 1721–1742 are often used. He dominated the Walpole–Townshend Ministry and the Ministry and holds the record as the longest serving Prime Minister in British history. Critics called his system the "Robinocracy." Speck says that Walpole's uninterrupted run of 20 years as Prime Minister "is rightly regarded as one of the major feats of British political history.... Explanations are usually offered in terms of his expert handling of the political system after 1720, his unique blending of the surviving powers of the crown with the increasing influence of the Commons
1913 George I of Greece King of Greece from 1863 until his death in 1913.
1936 Eleftherios Venizelos an eminent Greek leader of Greek national liberation movement and a charismatic statesman of the early 20th century remembered for his promotion of liberal-democratic policies. Elected several times as Prime Minister of Greece, serving from 1910 to 1920 and from 1928 to 1932, Venizelos had such profound influence on the internal and external affairs of Greece that he is credited with being "the maker of modern Greece", and is still widely known as the "Ethnarch"
1963 Hubert Gough a senior officer in the British Army in the First World War. A favourite of the British Commander-in-Chief, General Sir Douglas Haig, he experienced a meteoric rise through the ranks during the war and commanded the British Fifth Army from 1916 to 1918 during the war
1964 Norbert Wiener an American mathematician and philosopher. He was Professor of Mathematics at MIT
1980 Erich Fromm a German social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist. He was associated with what became known as the Frankfurt School of critical theory
1983 Umberto II of Italy the last King of Italy, reigning for slightly over a month, from 9 May 1946 to 12 June 1946. However, he was de facto head of state from 1944 to 1946. He was nicknamed the May King