Died on March 18

978 Edward the Martyr King of the English from 975 until he was murdered in 978. Edward was the eldest son of King Edgar but was not his father's acknowledged heir. On Edgar's death, the leadership of England was contested, with some supporting Edward's claim to be king and others supporting his much younger half-brother Æthelred the Unready, recognized as a legitimate son of Edgar. Edward was chosen as king and was crowned by his main clerical supporters, the archbishops Dunstan and Oswald of Worcester
1086 Anselm of Lucca an Italian bishop, a prominent figure in the Investiture Controversy and in the fighting in Central Italy between the forces of Countess Matilda of Tuscany, the papal champion, and those of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
1108 Abe no Munetō a samurai of the Abe clan during the Heian period of Japan. He was the son of Abe no Yoritoki, the head of the Abe clan of Emishi who were allowed to rule the six Emishi districts in the Kitakami Basin from Morioka to Hiraizumi in what is now Iwate Prefecture. Abe no Yoritoki was the Chinjufu Shogun. In the Zenkunen War, he fought, together with his brother Sadato, alongside his father against the Minamoto
1187 Bogusław I Duke of Pomerania Duke of Pomerania-Stettin from 1156 to 1187. He ruled the Duchy of Pomerania jointly with his brother Casimir I of Pomerania-Demmin. His father was Wartislaw He was first married to Walburgis , daughter of Valdemar I of Denmark and later to Anastasia, daughter of Mieszko III of Poland and Eudoxia of Kiev. With his second wife, he had 5 children
1227 Pope Honorius III Pope from 18 July 1216 to his death in 1227.
1272 John FitzAlan 7th Earl of Arundel an English nobleman. He was also feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry in the Welsh Marches
1308 Yuri I of Galicia a King of Ruthenia, Prince of Volhynia. His full title was Yuri I, King of Ruthenia, Great Prince of Kiev, Volydymyr-Volhynia, Halych, Lutsk, Dorohochyn
1314 Jacques de Molay the 23rd and last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, leading the Order from 20 April 1292 until it was dissolved by order of Pope Clement V in 1307. Though little is known of his actual life and deeds except for his last years as Grand Master, he is the best known Templar, along with the Order's founder and first Grand Master, Hugues de Payens. Jacques de Molay's goal as Grand Master was to reform the Order, and adjust it to the situation in the Holy Land during the waning days of the Crusades. As European support for the Crusades had dwindled, other forces were at work which sought to disband the Order and claim the wealth of the Templars as their own. King Philip IV of France, deeply in debt to the Templars, had De Molay and many other French Templars arrested in 1307 and tortured into making false confessions. When De Molay later retracted his confession, Philip had him slowly burned upon a scaffold on an island in the River Seine in Paris, in March 1314. The sudden end of both the centuries-old order of Templars and the dramatic execution of its last leader turned De Molay into a legendary figure
1321 Matthew III Csák a Hungarian oligarch who ruled de facto independently the north-western counties of Medieval Hungary. He held the offices of master of the horse , palatine and master of the treasury. He could maintain his rule over his territories even after his defeat at the Battle of Rozgony against King Charles I of Hungary. In the 19th century, he was often described as a symbol of the struggle for independence in both the Hungarian and Slovak literatures
1399 Jelena Gruba Queen of Bosnia from 1391 to 1398, first as queen consort until 1395 and then as queen regnant. She was the only female head of state in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Born into the Nikolić noble family, which ruled a part of Zachlumia, she was the wife, widow and elected successor of Stephen Dabiša, a member of the House of Kotromanić
1477 Przemysław II Duke of Cieszyn a Duke of Cieszyn from 1431, ruler over Bielsko and Skoczów , Duke of half of both Duchy of Głogów and Duchy of Ścinawa from 1460 and from 1468 sole ruler over Cieszyn.
1508 Albert IV Duke of Bavaria from 1467 Duke of Bavaria-Munich, from 1503 Duke of the reunited Bavaria.
1520 Fabrizio Colonna an Italian condottiero, a member of the powerful Colonna family. He was the son of Edoardo Colonna and Filippa Conti
1595 Jean de Sponde a Baroque French poet.
1669 Gilles Boileau a French translator and member of the Académie française.
1675 Arthur Chichester 1st Earl of Donegall an Irish aristocrat and soldier.
1689 John Dixwell an English man who sat in Parliament, fought for the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War, and was one of the Commissioners who sat in judgement on King Charles I and condemned him to death. At the Restoration he fled to Connecticut where he lived out the rest of his life as John Davids untroubled by the authorities who thought him dead
1696 Robert Charnock an English academic and Jacobite conspirator.
1712 Azim-ush-Shan the second son of Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah I, by his second wife, Maharajkumari Amrita Bai Sahiba. He was also the grandson of emperor Aurangzeb, during whose reign, he was the subedar of Bengal Subah, Bihar and Odisha from 1697 to his death in 1712, at the age of 47
1739 Friedrich Wilhelm von Grumbkow a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall and statesman.
1741 Thomas Gordon (Royal Scots Navy officer) a commodore of the Royal Scots Navy and Admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.
1745 Robert Walpole generally regarded as the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. Although the exact dates of his dominance are a matter of scholarly debate, 1721–1742 are often used. He dominated the Walpole–Townshend Ministry and the Ministry and holds the record as the longest serving Prime Minister in British history. Critics called his system the "Robinocracy." Speck says that Walpole's uninterrupted run of 20 years as Prime Minister "is rightly regarded as one of the major feats of British political history.... Explanations are usually offered in terms of his expert handling of the political system after 1720, his unique blending of the surviving powers of the crown with the increasing influence of the Commons
1758 Thomas Zebrowski a Jesuit architect, mathematician, and astronomer. He was instrumental in establishing and funding the Observatory of Vilnius University. Marcin Odlanicki Poczobutt was among his students
1758 Matthew Hutton (archbishop of Canterbury) a high churchman in the Church of England, serving as Archbishop of York and Archbishop of Canterbury. He was a direct descendant of Matthew Hutton, who served as Archbishop of York in the 17th century
1762 Paul II Anton Prince Esterházy a prince of the Esterházy family. He had a distinguished career as a soldier and patron of music
1768 Laurence Sterne an Anglo-Irish novelist and an Anglican clergyman. He is best known for his novels The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman and A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy; but he also published many sermons, wrote memoirs, and was involved in local politics. Sterne died in London after years of fighting consumption
1781 Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot Baron de Laune a French economist and statesman. Originally considered a physiocrat, he is today best remembered as an early advocate for economic liberalism
1793 Karl Abraham Zedlitz a Prussian minister of education who was instrumental in establishing mandatory education in Prussia, which served as a model for the public education system in the United States.
1799 Adam Friedrich Oeser a German etcher, painter and sculptor.
1805 Étienne Eustache Bruix a French Navy admiral.
1810 Ernst Ferdinand Klein a German jurist and prominent representative of the Berlin Enlightenment.
1823 Jean-Baptiste Bréval a French cellist and composer. He wrote mostly pieces for his own instrument, and performed many world premières of his own pieces
1829 Alexandre-Théodore-Victor comte de Lameth a French soldier and politician.
1835 Christian Günther von Bernstorff a Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat, son of Count Andreas Peter von Bernstorff.
1837 Dominique-Georges-Frédéric Dufour de Pradt a French clergyman and ambassador.
1843 Ludwig von Stieglitz Jewish Russian commersant and founder of banking house Stieglitz & Company. He was born as youngest of three sons of Waldeck county's court Jewish banker Hirsch Bernhard Stieglitz and his wife Edel Elisabeth. As a young man Stieglitz moved to Russia as a representative of his merchant house, and eventually was appointed court banker to the czar Alexander I, gaining influence and receiving various Russian decorations. After adopting Christianity he was raised to the dignity of a Russian hereditary baron on August 22, 1826 as Ludwig von Stieglitz
1852 Friedrich Wilhelm Carové a German philosopher and publicist.
1852 Ernst Raupach a German dramatist.
1856 Henry Pottinger an Anglo-Irish soldier and colonial administrator who became the first Governor of Hong Kong.
1857 Princess Maria Luisa Carlota of Parma a Princess of Parma and member of the House of Bourbon. She married Maximilian, Crown Prince of Saxony but remained childless
1858 James Bannerman a lieutenant and acting governor of the Gold Coast from 4 December 1850 to 14 October 1851.
1862 Charles Bird King an American portrait artist, best known for his portrayals of significant Native American leaders and tribesmen.
1865 Friedrich August Stüler an influential Prussian architect and builder. His masterpiece is the Neues Museum in Berlin, as well as the dome of the triumphal arch of the main portal of the Berliner Stadtschloss
1871 Stanislas Sorel a French engineer, raised the son of a poor clock-maker.
1871 Augustus De Morgan a British mathematician and logician. He formulated De Morgan's laws and introduced the term mathematical induction, making its idea rigorous
1876 Ferdinand Freiligrath a German poet, translator and liberal agitator.
1877 Emory Washburn a United States lawyer, politician, and historian. He was Governor of Massachusetts for one term , and served for many years on the faculty of Harvard Law School. His history of the early years of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court is still considered a foundational work on the subject
1877 Edward Belcher a Nova Scotian, British naval officer and explorer. He was the great-grandson of Governor Jonathan Belcher. His wife, Diana Jolliffe, was the stepdaughter of Captain Peter Heywood
1884 Anna Bishop an English operatic soprano. She sang in many countries on every continent, and was the most widely travelled singer of the 19th century. She was married to the composer Henry Bishop but abandoned him for the French harpist, composer and entrepreneur Nicolas-Charles Bochsa. She and Bochsa were said to have been the inspiration for Trilby and Svengali in George du Maurier's 1894 novel Trilby
1896 Otto Roquette a German author.