Born on March 19

1434 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu the 7th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1442 to 1443 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshikatsu was the son of 6th shogun Ashikaga Yoshinori
1488 Johannes Magnus the last functioning Catholic Archbishop in Sweden, and also a theologian, genealogist, and historian.
1534 José de Anchieta a Spanish Jesuit missionary to the Portuguese colony of Brazil in the second half of the 16th century. A highly influential figure in Brazil's history in the first century after its European discovery, Anchieta was one of the founders of São Paulo in 1554 and of Rio de Janeiro in 1565. He is the first playwright, the first grammarian and the first poet born in the Canary Islands, and the father of Brazilian literature. Anchieta was also involved in the religious instruction and conversion to the Catholic faith of the Indian population. His efforts along with those of another Jesuit missionary, Manuel da Nóbrega, at Indian pacification were crucial to the establishment of stable colonial settlements in the colony
1542 Jan Zamoyski a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman, magnate, and the 1st ordynat of Zamość. Royal Secretary since 1566, Deputy Kanclerz of the Crown since 1576, Lord Grand-Chancellor of the Crown since 1578, and Grand Hetman of the Crown since 1581. General Starost of Kraków from 1580 to 1585, Starost of Bełz, Międzyrzecz, Krzeszów, Knyszyn and Derpsk. Important advisor to Kings Sigismund II Augustus and Stephen Báthory, he was one of the major opponents of Bathory's successor, Sigismund III Vasa, and one of the most skilled diplomats, politicians and statesmen of his time, standing as a major figure in the politics of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth throughout his life
1591 Dirck Hals a Dutch painter of festivals and ballroom scenes. He was influenced by his elder brother Frans Hals
1595 Carlo de' Medici (cardinal) the son of Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Christina of Lorraine. Born in Florence, he had a successful career in the Church, rising to become Cardinal Bishop of Ostia and Dean of the College of Cardinals
1601 Alonzo Cano a Spanish painter, architect and sculptor born in Granada.
1604 John IV of Portugal the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 1640 to his death. He was the grandson of Catherine, Duchess of Braganza, who had in 1580 claimed the Portuguese crown and sparked the struggle for the throne of Portugal. John IV was nicknamed John the Restorer. On the eve of his death in 1656, the Portuguese Empire reached its zenith, spanning around the globe
1641 Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi born in Damascus in 1641 into a family of Islamic scholarship. His father, Isma'il Abd al-Ghani, was a jurist in the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam and a contributor to Arabic literature. He was orphaned at an early age. Abd al-Ghani did not trace his descent to the city of as some laymen think, hence his surname Nabulsi has nothing to deal with the city of
1668 Francesco Gasparini an Italian Baroque composer and teacher whose works were performed throughout Italy, and also on occasion in Germany and England.
1684 Jean Astruc a professor of medicine at Montpellier and Paris, who wrote the first great treatise on syphilis and venereal diseases, and also, with a small anonymously published book, played a fundamental part in the origins of critical textual analysis of works of scripture. Astruc was the first to try to demonstrate — using the techniques of textual analysis that were commonplace in studying the secular classics — the theory that Genesis was composed based on several sources or manuscript traditions, an approach that is called the documentary hypothesis
1716 Guillaume Coustou the Younger a French sculptor.
1721 Tobias Smollett a Scottish poet and author. He was best known for his picaresque novels, such as The Adventures of Roderick Random and The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle , which influenced later novelists such as Charles Dickens. George Orwell admired Smollett very much. His novels were amended liberally by printers; a definitive edition of each of his works was edited by O. Brack, to correct variants
1726 José Clavijo y Fajardo Spanish publicist.
1730 Princess Maria Felicita of Savoy a princess of the house of Savoy, the third daughter of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia and his second wife Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg. A religious woman, she died unmarried
1734 Thomas McKean an American lawyer and politician from New Castle, in New Castle County, Delaware and Philadelphia. During the American Revolution he was a delegate to the Continental Congress where he signed the United States Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation. McKean served as a President of Congress. He was at various times a member of the Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties. McKean served as President of Delaware, Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, and Governor of Pennsylvania
1739 Charles-François Lebrun duc de Plaisance a French statesman.
1742 Túpac Amaru II the leader of an indigenous uprising in 1780 against the Spanish in Peru. Although unsuccessful, he later became a mythical figure in the Peruvian struggle for independence and indigenous rights movement and an inspiration to myriad causes in Peru
1745 Johann Peter Frank a German physician and hygienist who was a native of Rodalben.
1748 Elias Hicks a traveling Quaker preacher from Long Island, New York. In his ministry he promoted doctrines that embroiled him and his followers in a controversy which caused the first major schism within the Religious Society of Friends. Elias Hicks was the older cousin of the painter Edward Hicks, also a Quaker preacher
1749 Princess Louisa of Great Britain a grandchild of George II and sister of George III.
1751 Archduchess Maria Josepha of Austria She was the daughter of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Austria, Holy Roman Empress. She died of smallpox at the age of 16 and was buried in the Imperial Crypt, Vienna, Austria
1767 François-Régis de La Bourdonnaye a French national deputy from 1815 to 1830. He sat on the extreme right, and was known for his violent attacks on the governments of the Bourbon Restoration. In 1829 he was briefly Minister of the Interior. In 1830 he was made a peer of France a few months before the July Revolution ended his political career
1769 François Joseph Bosio a French sculptor who achieved distinction in the first quarter of the nineteenth century with his work for Napoleon and for the restored French monarchy.
1774 Franz von Gruithuisen a Bavarian physician and astronomer. He taught medical students before becoming a professor of astronomy at the University of Munich in 1826
1775 Ramsay Richard Reinagle an English portrait, landscape, and animal painter, and son of Philip Reinagle.
1777 Anton Reinhard Falck a Dutch statesman.
1778 Edward Pakenham an Anglo-Irish Army Officer and Politician. He was the brother-in law of the Duke of Wellington, with whom he served in the Peninsular War. Appointed as commander of British forces in North America in 1814, he was killed in action at the Battle of New Orleans
1779 Józef Dwernicki a General of Cavalry in the Polish Army, and a participant in the November Uprising.
1782 Wilhelm von Biela a German-Austrian military officer and amateur astronomer.
1792 José María Carreño a Venezuelan politician and military, Vice-president in the government of José María Vargas, and provisional President of Venezuela as interim caretaker in 1837. Jose Maria Carreño lent his shirt to Simón Bolívar, right after his death. There is little information about Carreño Blanco
1797 John Braithwaite (engineer) an English engineer who invented the first steam fire engine.
1797 José de Urrea a Mexican general. He fought under General Antonio López de Santa Anna during the Texas Revolution. Urrea's forces were never defeated in battle during the Texas Revolution. His most notable success was that of the Goliad Campaign, in which James Fannin's 300 soldiers were surrounded and induced to capitulate under terms, but were massacred in Urrea's absence on the orders of Santa Anna
1799 William Rutter Dawes an English astronomer.
1801 Salvadore Cammarano a prolific Italian librettist and playwright perhaps best known for writing the text of Lucia di Lammermoor for Gaetano Donizetti.
1808 Johann Andreas Schubert a German general engineer , designer and university lecturer.
1809 Fredrik Pacius a German composer and conductor who lived most of his life in Finland. He has been called the "Father of Finnish music"
1811 Josef Kling a German chess master and chess composer. In 1851 he wrote Chess Studies with Bernhard Horwitz
1812 Casimir Davaine a French physician known for his work in the field of microbiology. He was a native of Saint-Amand-les-Eaux, department of Nord
1816 Johannes Verhulst a Dutch composer and conductor. As a composer mainly of songs and as administrator of Dutch musical life, his influence during his lifetime was considerable
1816 Ekaterine Dadiani Princess of Mingrelia a prominent 19th-century Georgian aristocrat and the last ruling princess of the Western Georgian Principality of Mingrelia in southeast Europe. She played an important role in resisting Ottoman influence in her principality and was at the center of Georgian high society, both inside the country and abroad
1817 Jozef Miloslav Hurban a leader of the Slovak National Council and the Slovak Uprising in 1848/1849, a Slovak writer, journalist, politician, organizer of Slovak cultural life and a Protestant priest. He first supported Ján Kollár, but later turned to Ľudovít Štúr. His son Svetozár Hurban-Vajanský followed his father's footsteps both as a writer and nationalist
1818 Petar Preradović a Croatian poet, writer, and military general in the Austro-Hungarian Army. He was a part of the Illyrian movement which influenced much of his politics and work
1820 Charles de Mazade a French historian, journalist, and political editor of Revue des deux mondes. He was the third member elected to occupy seat 4 of the Académie française in 1882
1821 Richard Francis Burton an English geographer, explorer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologist, spy, linguist, poet, fencer, Egyptologist and diplomat. He was known for his travels and explorations within Asia, Africa and the Americas, as well as his extraordinary knowledge of languages and cultures. According to one count, he spoke 29 European, Asian and African languages
1823 Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria a daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen. She was Duchess consort of Modena by her marriage to Francis V, Duke of Modena
1824 George Murray Smith the son of George Smith who with Alexander Elder started the Victorian publishing firm of Smith, Elder & Co. His brainchild, The Cornhill Magazine, was the premier fiction-carrying magazine of the 19th century
1824 William Allingham an Irish poet, diarist and editor. He wrote several volumes of lyric verse, and his poem 'The Faeries' was much anthologised; but he is better known for his posthumously published Diary, in which he records his lively encounters with Tennyson, Carlyle and other writers and artists. His wife, Helen Allingham, was a well-known water-colorist
1827 Mișu Popp a Romanian painter and muralist.
1829 Carl Frederik Tietgen a Danish financier and industrialist. The founder of numerous prominent Danish companies, many of which are still in operation today, he played an important role in the industrialisation of Denmark. Notably also forming conglomerates, several of Tietgen's companies attained a monopoly-like status, which cemented their durability