Died on March 19

235 Alexander Severus Roman Emperor from 222 to 235. Alexander was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. He succeeded his cousin Elagabalus upon the latter's assassination in 222, and was ultimately assassinated himself, marking the epoch event for the Crisis of the Third Century — nearly fifty years of civil wars, foreign invasion, and collapse of the monetary economy
953 Al-Mansur Billah the third Caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate in Ifriqiya.
1124 Volodar of Peremyshl Prince of Zvenyhorod and Peremyshl.
1238 Henry I the Bearded Duke of Silesia at Wrocław from 1201 and Duke of Kraków and thus High Duke of all Poland — internally divided — from 1232 until his death.
1263 Hugh of Saint-Cher a French Dominican friar who became a cardinal and noted biblical commentator.
1279 Emperor Bing of Song the last emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty of China. He was also known as Lord Perpetual-Nation
1286 Alexander III of Scotland King of Scots from 1249 to his death.
1330 Edmund of Woodstock 1st Earl of Kent the son of Edward I of England, and a younger half-brother of Edward Edward I had intended to make substantial grants of land to Edmund, but when the king died in 1307, Edward II failed to follow through on his father's intentions, much due to his favouritism towards Piers Gaveston. Edmund still remained loyal to his brother, and in 1321 he was created Earl of Kent. He played an important part in Edward's administration, acting both as diplomat and military commander, and in 1321–22 helped suppress a rebellion against the king
1406 Ibn Khaldun an Arab Muslim historiographer and historian, regarded to be among the founding fathers of modern sociology, historiography and economics.
1534 Ayşe Hafsa Sultan the first "Valide Sultan" of the Ottoman Empire, the daughter of Abd'ûl-Muin, wife of Selim I and mother of Suleiman the Magnificent. During the period between her son's enthronement in 1520 and her death in 1534, she was one of the most influential persons in the Empire, as her son's de facto co-regent during these fourteen years, coming second only to the sovereign, which is a point remarked also by the ambassadors of European powers at the Ottoman court
1534 Michael Weiße a German theologian and hymn writer. First a Franciscan, he joined the Bohemian Brethren. He published the most extensive early Protestant hymnal in 1531, supplying most hymn texts and some tunes himself. One of his hymns was used in Johann Sebastian Bach's St John Passion
1568 Elizabeth Seymour Lady Cromwell the daughter of Sir John Seymour of Wulfhall, Wiltshire and Margery Wentworth. Elizabeth and her sister Jane, served in the household of Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII. In his quest for a male heir, the king had divorced his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, whose only surviving child was a daughter, Mary. His marriage to Anne Boleyn had also resulted in a single daughter, Elizabeth. The queen's miscarriage of a son in January 1536 sealed her fate. The king, convinced that Anne could never give him male children, increasingly infatuated with Jane Seymour, and encouraged by the queen's enemies, was determined to replace her. The Seymours rose to prominence after the king's attention turned to Jane
1599 Stanisław Radziwiłł a sixth generation Radziwill family noble of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was a general starost of the Duchy of Samogitia , a first ordynat of Olyka, and the Great Lithuanian Marshal
1610 Hasegawa Tōhaku a Japanese painter and founder of the Hasegawa school of Japanese painting during the Azuchi-Momoyama period.
1612 Sophia Olelkovich Radziwill the last descendant of the family Olelkovich-Slutsk who were descended from Prince Algirdas. She was canonized by the Orthodox Church in 1983. The church of Sophia of Slutsk in Minsk is named after her
1616 Johannes Fabricius a Frisian/German astronomer and a discoverer of sunspots , independently of Galileo Galilei.
1634 António de Andrade a Jesuit priest and explorer from Portugal. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1596. From 1600 until his death in 1634 he was engaged in missionary activity in India. Andrade was the first known European to have crossed the Himalayas and reached Tibet, establishing the first Catholic mission on Tibetan soil
1637 Péter Pázmány S.J. was a Hungarian Jesuit who was a noted philosopher, theologian, cardinal, pulpit orator and statesman. He was an important figure in the Counter-Reformation in Royal Hungary
1644 Guru Hargobind Har Gobind, also Saccha Padshah. According to another tradition, he was born on 5 July 1595. He was the sixth of the Sikh gurus and became Guru on 25 May 1606 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Arjan Dev. He was not, perhaps, more than eleven at his father's execution. Though he waged war against Muslims atrocities all his life, he died peacefully at the age of 48. Most of the historians of Mughal India look at it simplistically from a political angle but the war by several Sikh Gurus against Mughals and their killing by Muslims is a long series of widespread systematic religious persecutions that Hindus and Sikhs suffered at the hands of Muslims Before ascension, he nominated Guru Har Rai, his grandson as the next Guru of the Sikhs
1649 Gerardus Vossius a Dutch classical scholar and theologian.
1656 Georg Calixtus a German Lutheran theologian who looked to reconcile all Christendom by removing all unimportant differences.
1666 Diego de Benavides 8th Count of Santisteban a Spanish military officer, diplomat, writer and colonial administrator. From December 31, 1661 to March 16, 1666 he was viceroy of Peru
1669 John Denham (poet) an Anglo-Irish poet and courtier. He served as Surveyor of the King's Works and is buried in Westminster Abbey
1677 Anthonie van Borssom a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
1683 Thomas Killigrew an English dramatist and theatre manager. He was a witty, dissolute figure at the court of King Charles II of England
1685 René-François de Sluse a Walloon mathematician and churchman, who served as the canon of Liège and abbot of Amay.
1687 René-Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle a French explorer. He explored the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada, the Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico. La Salle claimed the entire Mississippi River basin for France
1711 Thomas Ken an English cleric who was considered the most eminent of the English non-juring bishops, and one of the fathers of modern English hymnology.
1717 John Campbell 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland a member of Scottish nobility during the Glorious Revolution and Jacobite risings and also known as "Slippery John". An astutely political man, Campbell was one of the men implicated in the Massacre of Glencoe
1721 Pope Clement XI Pope from 23 November 1700 to his death in 1721.
1746 Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia also known as Anna Karlovna , regent of Russia for a few months during the minority of her baby son Ivan. She was the daughter of Tsarevna Catherine of Russia and of Charles Leopold, the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and born as Elisabeth Katharina Christine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1747 Catherine Opalińska Queen consort of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth twice and a Duchess consort of Lorraine through her marriage with Stanislaus I of Poland.
1754 Germain Boffrand a French architect. A pupil of Jules Hardouin-Mansart, Germain Boffrand was one of the main creators of the precursor to Rococo called the style Régence, and in his interiors, of the Rococo itself. In his exteriors he held to a monumental Late Baroque classicism with some innovations in spatial planning that were exceptional in France His major commissions, culminating in his interiors at the Hôtel de Soubise, were memorialised in his treatise Livre d'architecture, published in 1745, which served to disseminate the French "Louis XV" style throughout Europe
1783 Frederick Cornwallis Archbishop of Canterbury, and the twin brother of Edward Cornwallis.
1796 Stephen Storace an English composer. His sister was the famous opera singer Nancy Storace. He was born in London in the Parish of St Marylebone to an English mother and Italian father. Relatively little is known through direct records of his life, and most details are known second-hand through the memoirs of his contemporaries Michael Kelly, the actor John Bannister, and the oboist William Thomas Parke
1800 Joseph de Guignes a French orientalist, sinologist and Turkologist born at Pontoise, the son of Jean Louis de Guignes and Françoise Vaillant. He died at Paris
1801 Ambrosio O'Higgins 1st Marquis of Osorno a member of the O'Higgins family and an Irish-born Spanish colonial administrator. He served the Spanish Empire as captain general of Chile and viceroy of Peru. Chilean independence leader Bernardo O'Higgins was his illegitimate son
1810 Louis Masreliez a Swedish painter and interior designer.
1812 Charles Cameron (architect) a Scottish architect who made an illustrious career at the court of Catherine II of Russia. Cameron, practitioner of early neoclassical architecture, was the chief architect of Tsarskoye Selo and Pavlovsk palaces and the adjacent new town of Sophia from his arrival in Russia in 1779 to Catherine's death in 1796. All his indisputable tangible works "can be encompassed in a day's tour"; Cameron concentrated exclusively on country palaces and landscape gardens. Twice dismissed by Paul of Russia during the Battle of the palaces, Cameron enjoyed a brief revival of his career under Alexander I in 1803–1805. Apart from the well-researched Catherinian period , Cameron's life story remains poorly documented, not in the least due to Cameron's own efforts to shake off the bad reputation he had earned in the 1770s in London
1814 Joseph von Quarin an Austrian physician born in Vienna.
1816 Philip Mazzei an Italian physician. A close friend of Thomas Jefferson, Mazzei acted as an agent to purchase arms for Virginia during the American Revolutionary War
1822 Józef Wybicki a Polish jurist, poet, political and military activist. He is best remembered as the author of Mazurek Dąbrowskiego , which in 1927 was adopted as the Polish national anthem
1822 Valentin Haüy the founder, in 1784, of the first school for the blind, the Royal Institution for the Young Blind in Paris. In 1819, Louis Braille entered this school
1823 Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski an influential Polish noble, writer, literary and theater critic, linguist, traveller and statesman. He was a great patron of arts and a candidate for the Polish crown. He was educated in England and after his return to Poland in 1758, he became a member of the Sejm , Crown General of Podolia and Marshal of General Confederation of Kingdom of Poland
1837 Antonio Rolla an Italian violin and viola virtuoso and composer.
1838 Edward Barnes (British Army officer) a British soldier who became governor of Ceylon.
1840 Thomas Daniell an English landscape painter. He spent ten years in India, and published several series of aquatints of the country
1842 Pierre Révoil a French painter in the Troubadour style.
1849 August Seebeck a scientist at the Technische Universität Dresden.
1849 James Justinian Morier a British diplomat and author noted for his novels about Qajar dynasty Iran, most famously for the Hajji Baba series.