March 19 events in history

1279 A Mongolian victory at the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China
1563 The Edict of Amboise is signed, ending the first phase of the French Wars of Religion and granting certain freedoms to the Huguenots
1649 The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring it "useless and dangerous to the people of England"
1687 Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men
1812 The Cádiz Cortes promulgates the Spanish Constitution of 1812
1853 The Taiping reform movement occupies and makes Nanjing its capital until 1864
1861 The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand
1863 The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000
1865 American Civil War: The Battle of Bentonville begins. By the end of the battle two days later, Confederate forces had retreated from Four Oaks, North Carolina
1885 Louis Riel declares a Provisional Government in Saskatchewan, beginning the North-West Rebellion
1895 Auguste and Louis Lumière record their first footage using their newly patented cinematograph
1918 The U.S. Congress establishes time zones and approves daylight saving time
1920 The United States Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles for the second time (the first time was on November 19, 1919)
1921 Irish War of Independence: One of the biggest engagements of the war takes place at Crossbarry, County Cork. About 100 Irish Republican Army (IRA) volunteers escape an attempt by over 1,300 British forces to encircle them
1931 Gambling is legalized in Nevada
1932 The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened
1941 World War II: The 99th Pursuit Squadron also known as the Tuskegee Airmen, the first all-black unit of the US Army Air Corps, is activated
1943 Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard
1944 World War II: Nazi forces occupy Hungary
1945 World War II: Adolf Hitler issues his "Nero Decree" ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany to be destroyed
1945 World War II: Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing 724 of her crew. Badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under her own power
1946 French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion become overseas départements of France
1954 Joey Giardello knocks out Willie Tory in round seven at Madison Square Garden in the first televised prize boxing fight shown in colour
1954 Willie Mosconi sets a world record by running 526 consecutive balls without a miss during a straight pool exhibition at East High Billiard Club in Springfield, Ohio. The record still stands today
1958 The Monarch Underwear Company fire leaves 24 dead and 15 injured
1962 Highly influential artist, Bob Dylan releases his first album, Bob Dylan, on Columbia Records label
1962 The Algerian War of Independence against the French ends
1965 The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000 and said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is discovered by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence, exactly 102 years after its destruction
1966 Texas Western becomes the first college basketball team to win the Final Four with an all-black starting lineup
1969 The 385 metres (1,263 ft) tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build-up
1979 The United States House of Representatives begins broadcasting its day-to-day business via the cable television network C-SPAN
1982 Falklands War: Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the United Kingdom
1987 Televangelist Jim Bakker resigns as head of the PTL Club due to a brewing sex scandal; he hands over control to Jerry Falwell
1989 The Egyptian Flag is raised on Taba, Egypt announcing the end of the Israeli occupation after the Yom Kippur War in 1973 and the peace negotiations in 1979
1990 The ethnic clashes of Târgu Mureş begin four days after the anniversary of the Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas
2002 Zimbabwe is suspended from the Commonwealth on charges of human rights abuses and of electoral fraud, following a turbulent presidential election
2004 Konginkangas bus disaster: A semi-trailer truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. A total of 24 people are killed and 13 injured
2004 A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in 1952 over the Baltic Sea is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the three crewmen are left in place, pending further investigations
2004 3-19 Shooting Incident: Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20
2008 GRB 080319B: A cosmic burst that is the farthest object visible to the naked eye is briefly observed
2011 Libyan Civil War: After the failure of Muammar Gaddafi's forces to take Benghazi, French Air Force launches Opération Harmattan, beginning foreign military intervention in Libya