Born on March 2

283 Eusebius of Vercelli a bishop and saint in Italy. Along with Athanasius, he affirmed the divinity of Jesus against Arianism
1241 Isabella of France Queen of Navarre a daughter of Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence. She was married to Theobald II of Navarre, eldest son of Theobald I of Navarre and Margaret of Navarre on 6 April 1255. Isabelle became Queen consort of Navarre
1377 Edmund Stafford 5th Earl of Stafford the son of Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford and Philippa de Beauchamp.
1409 Jean II Duke of Alençon the son of John I of Alençon and his wife Marie of Brittany, Lady of La Guerche , daughter of John V, Duke of Brittany and Joan of Navarre. He succeeded his father as Duke of Alençon and Count of Perche as a minor in 1415, after the latter's death at the Battle of Agincourt. He is best known as a general in the Last Phase of the Hundred Years' War and for his role as a comrade-in-arms of Joan of Arc, who called him "le beau duc"
1459 Pope Adrian VI the 218th pope of the Catholic Church from 9 January 1522 until his death on 14 September 1523.
1481 Franz von Sickingen a German knight, one of the most notable figures of the first period of the Reformation.
1527 Gonzalo de Sandoval a Spanish conquistador in New Spain and briefly co-governor of the colony while Hernán Cortés was away from the capital.
1545 Thomas Bodley an English diplomat and scholar, founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford.
1577 George Sandys an English traveller, colonist and poet.
1603 Pietro Novelli an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active mainly in Palermo. Also known as il Monrealese or Pietro "Malta" Novelli to distinguish him from his father, Pietro Antonio Novelli. He was also nicknamed by contemporaries as the Raphael of Sicily
1619 Marcantonio Giustinian the 107th Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on January 26, 1684 until his death. Giustiniani was the quintessential Doge of the Republic of Venice, taking little interest in affairs of state. He had little role in the conduct of the Morean War , which was raging during his time as Doge, though a number of military victories were secured by provveditore Francesco Morosini, who would later be Giustinian's successor as Doge
1628 Cornelis Speelman Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1681 to 1684.
1631 Job Boretsky a Ukrainian Orthodox metropolitan.
1656 Jan Frans van Douven a Southern Netherlandish portrait painter belonging to the Dutch Leyden School. Born in Roermond, he spent most of his life as Court painter in Düsseldorf, now in Germany, where he created most of his works
1705 William Murray 1st Earl of Mansfield a British barrister, politician and judge noted for his reform of English law. Born to Scottish nobility, he was educated in Perth, Scotland before moving to London at the age of 13 to take up a place at Westminster School. He was accepted into Christ Church, Oxford, in May 1723, and graduated four years later. Returning to London from Oxford, he was called to the Bar by Lincoln's Inn on 23 November 1730, and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent barrister
1707 Louis-Michel van Loo a French painter.
1740 Nicholas Pocock a British artist best known for his many detailed paintings of naval battles during the age of sail.
1746 Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt a German noblewoman. She was the eldest daughter of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and his wife Caroline. She married Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg on 27 September 1768
1755 Antoine-Frédéric Gresnick a Belgian classical composer. He was born in Liège. He studied music in Naples. By 1780 Gresnick was working in Lyons and, after visiting Berlin and London, he moved in 1794 to Paris where he died in 1799. He is chiefly remembered for writing opera buffa, of which he wrote at least twenty-three
1756 Vincent-Marie Viénot Count of Vaublanc a French royalist politician, writer and artist. He was a deputy for the Seine-et-Marne département in the French Legislative Assembly, served as President of the same body, and from 26 September 1815 to 7 May 1816, he was the French Minister of the Interior
1757 Scarlat Ghica a Prince of Moldavia , and twice Prince of Wallachia. He was a member of the Ghica family
1760 Camille Desmoulins a journalist and politician who played an important role in the French Revolution. He was a childhood friend of Maximilien Robespierre and a close friend and political ally of Georges Danton, who were influential figures in the French Revolution. Desmoulins was tried and executed alongside Danton in response to Dantonist opposition to the Committee of Public Safety
1769 DeWitt Clinton an early American politician and naturalist who served as a United States Senator and was the sixth Governor of New York. In this last capacity, he was largely responsible for the construction of the Erie Canal. Clinton was the leader of New York's People’s Party and was a major rival of Martin Van Buren, who was the Attorney General of New York during Clinton's governorship. Clinton believed that infrastructure improvements could transform American life, drive economic growth, and encourage political participation, and he heavily influenced the development of the New York State and the United States
1770 Louis-Gabriel Suchet a Marshal of France and one of Napoleon's most brilliant generals.
1773 Christian Heinrich Pfaff a German physician, chemist and physicist.
1774 Armand Charles Guilleminot a French general during the Napoleonic wars.
1779 Joel Roberts Poinsett an American physician and diplomat. He was the first U.S. agent in South America, a member of the South Carolina legislature and the United States House of Representatives, the first United States Minister to Mexico , a U.S. Secretary of War under Martin Van Buren, and a cofounder of the National Institute for the Promotion of Science and the Useful Arts , as well as the eponym of Poinsett County, Arkansas; Poinsett Highway, Poinsett Bridge, and Poinsett State Park in South Carolina; Lake Poinsett in South Dakota; and the poinsettia, a popular Christmas plant
1780 Custodio García Rovira a Neogranadine general, statesman and painter, who fought for the independence of New Granada from Spain, and became President of the United Provinces of the New Granada in 1816. He was executed a month later during the Reconquista, at the hands of Pablo Morillo
1788 Wilhelmine Reichard the first German female balloonist.
1793 Sam Houston an American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United States as a constituent state. His victory at the Battle of San Jacinto secured the independence of Texas from Mexico. The only American to be elected governor of two different States , he was also the only Southern governor to oppose secession and to refuse an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy, a decision that led to his removal from office by the Texas secession convention
1797 Étienne Mulsant a French entomologist and ornithologist.
1800 Yevgeny Baratynsky lauded by Alexander Pushkin as the finest Russian elegiac poet. After a long period when his reputation was on the wane, Baratynsky was rediscovered by Anna Akhmatova and Joseph Brodsky as a supreme poet of thought
1805 Alexander Karl Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg a German prince of the House of Ascania. From 1834 until 1863 he was the last duke of the Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg
1810 Pope Leo XIII born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci to an Italian comital family, reigned from 20 February 1878 to his death in 1903. He was the oldest pope , and had the third longest pontificate, behind that of Pius IX and Pope John Paul He is the most recent pontiff to date to take the pontifical name of "Leo" upon being elected to the pontificate
1811 Hugh Edwin Strickland an English geologist, ornithologist, naturalist, and systematist.
1813 George Alexander Macfarren an English composer and musicologist.
1815 Jakob Dont an Austrian violinist, composer, and teacher.
1816 Alexander Bullock the 26th Governor of Massachusetts from 1866 to 1869 and helped create the New England Emigrant Aid Society in 1855.
1817 János Arany a Hungarian journalist, writer, poet, and translator. He is often said to be the "Shakespeare of ballads" – he wrote more than 40 ballads which have been translated into over 50 languages, as well as the Toldi trilogy, to mention his most famous works
1818 Konstantin von Kaufman the first Governor-General of Russian Turkestan.
1819 Alois Emanuel Biedermann a Swiss Protestant theologian. He was a prominent dogmatician of the so-called "Young Hegelian" school of thought, and an important advocate of "free Christianity" in Switzerland
1820 Multatuli a Dutch writer famous for his satirical novel, Max Havelaar , which denounced the abuses of colonialism in the Dutch East Indies.
1824 Konstantin Ushinsky a Russian teacher and writer, credited as the founder of scientific pedagogy in Russia.
1824 Bedřich Smetana a Czech composer who pioneered the development of a musical style which became closely identified with his country's aspirations to independent statehood. He is thus widely regarded in his homeland as the father of Czech music. Internationally he is best known for his opera The Bartered Bride; for the symphonic cycle Má vlast , which portrays the history, legends and landscape of the composer's native land; and for his First String Quartet, From My Life
1828 Jefferson C. Davis an officer in the United States Army who served in the Mexican-American War, the Civil War, and the Modoc War. He was the first commander of the Department of Alaska, from 1867 to 1870. Although successful in a number of Civil War battles, he is best remembered for two attributes: the similarity of his name to that of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his murder of a superior officer during an argument in the Civil War
1829 Francis Day Inspector-General of Fisheries in India and Burma and a pioneer ichthyologist who first described 343 of the marine an freshwater fishes of British India.
1829 Carl Schurz a German revolutionary, American statesman and reformer, U.S. Minister to Spain, Union Army General in the American Civil War, S. Senator, and Secretary of the Interior. He was also an accomplished journalist, newspaper editor and orator, who in 1869 became the first German-born American elected to the United States Senate
1834 Lev Ivanov a Russian ballet dancer and choreographer and later, Second Balletmaster of the Imperial Ballet. He is the choreographer of Dance of the little swans from Swan Lake
1836 John W. Foster an American diplomat and military officer, as well as lawyer and journalist. His highest public office was U.S. Secretary of State under Benjamin Harrison, although he also proved influential as a lawyer in technically private practice in the international relations sphere
1836 Theodor Nöldeke a German orientalist, who was born in Harburg and studied in Göttingen, Vienna, Leiden and Berlin.