March 2 events in history

537 Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoth army under king Vitiges began the siege of the capital. Belisarius conducts a delaying action outside the Flaminian Gate; he and a detachment of his bucellarii are almost cut off
986 Louis V becomes King of the Franks
1121 Dirk VI becomes the Count of Holland
1127 Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders
1444 Skanderbeg organizes a group of Albanian nobles to form the League of Lezhë
1458 George of Poděbrady is chosen as the King of Bohemia
1476 Burgundian Wars: The Old Swiss Confederacy hands Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, a major defeat in the Battle of Grandson in Canton of Neuchâtel
1484 The College of Arms is formally incorporated by Royal Charter signed by King Richard III of England
1498 Vasco da Gama's fleet visits the Island of Mozambique
1561 Mendoza, Argentina is founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro del Castillo
1657 Great Fire of Meireki: A fire in Edo (now Tokyo), Japan, caused more than 100,000 deaths; it lasted three days
1717 The Loves of Mars and Venus is the first ballet performed in England
1776 American Revolutionary War: Patriot militia units arrest the Royal Governor of Georgia James Wright and attempt to prevent capture of supply ships in the Battle of the Rice Boats
1791 Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris
1797 The Bank of England issues the first one-pound and two-pound banknotes
1807 The U.S. Congress passes the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves, disallowing the importation of new slaves into the country
1808 The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh
1811 Argentine War of Independence: A royalist fleet defeats a small flotilla of revolutionary ships in the Battle of San Nicolás on the River Plate
1815 Signing of the Kandyan Convention treaty by British invaders and the King of Sri Lanka
1825 Roberto Cofresí, one of the last successful Caribbean pirates, is defeated in combat and captured by authorities
1836 Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico
1855 Alexander II becomes Tsar of Russia
1865 East Cape War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand
1867 The U.S. Congress passes the first Reconstruction Act
1877 U.S. presidential election, 1876: Just two days before inauguration, the U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876
1882 Queen Victoria narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by Roderick McLean in Windsor
1885 Sino-French War: French victory in the Battle of Hoa Moc near Tuyen Quang, northern Vietnam
1901 The U.S. Congress passes the Platt Amendment limiting the autonomy of Cuba, as a condition of the withdrawal of American troops
1903 In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opens, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women
1917 The enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act grants Puerto Ricans United States citizenship
1919 The first Communist International meets in Moscow
1933 The film King Kong opens at New York's Radio City Music Hall
1937 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signs a collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry
1939 Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected Pope and takes the name Pius XII
1941 World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joins the Axis Pact
1943 World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea – United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships
1946 Ho Chi Minh is elected the President of North Vietnam
1949 Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute
1949 The first automatic street light is installed in New Milford, Connecticut
1955 King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit
1956 Morocco gains its independence from France
1962 In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup d'état
1962 Wilt Chamberlain sets the single-game scoring record in the National Basketball Association by scoring 100 points
1965 The US and South Vietnamese Air Force begin Operation Rolling Thunder, a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam
1969 In Toulouse, France, the first test flight of the Anglo-French Concorde is conducted
1969 Soviet and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the Ussuri River
1970 Rhodesia declares itself a republic, breaking its last links with the British crown
1972 The Pioneer 10 space probe is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with a mission to explore the outer planets
1978 Czech Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space, when he is launched aboard Soyuz 28
1983 Compact Discs and players are released for the first time in the United States and other markets. They had previously been available only in Japan