Born on March 20

43 Ovid a Roman poet best known for the Metamorphoses, a 15-book continuous mythological narrative written in the meter of epic, and for collections of love poetry in elegiac couplets, especially the Amores and Ars Amatoria. His poetry was much imitated during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, and greatly influenced Western art and literature. The Metamorphoses remains one of the most important sources of classical mythology
851 Ermengarde of Tours the daughter of Hugh of Tours, a member of the Etichonen family, which claimed descent from the Merovingian kings. In October 821 in Diedenhofen , she married the Carolingian Emperor Lothair I of the Franks
1224 Sophie of Thuringia Duchess of Brabant the second wife and only Duchess consort of Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Lothier. She was the heiress of Hesse which she passed on to her son, Henry upon her retention of the territory following her partial victory in the War of the Thuringian Succession in which she was one of the belligerents. Sophie was the founder of the Brabant dynasty of Hesse
1253 Wareru the founder of the Ramanya Kingdom located in today's Lower Burma. The kingdom is more commonly known as Kingdom of Hanthawady Pegu , or simply Pegu although the kingdom's first capital was Martaban. By using both diplomatic and military skills, the commoner of Shan and Mon descent successfully carved out a kingdom for the Mon people in Lower Burma following the collapse of the Pagan Empire in 1287. Wareru was nominally a vassal of his father-in-law Rama Khamheng of Sukhothai, and of the Mongols, and successfully repulsed attacks by the Three Shan Brothers of Myinsaing in 1287 and 1294
1439 Joan of Portugal Queen consort of Castile as the second wife of King Henry IV of Castile and a Portuguese infanta, the posthumous daughter of King Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon. She was born in the Quinta do Monte Olivete, Almada six months after the death of her father
1469 Cecily of York an English Princess and the third, but eventual second surviving, daughter of Edward IV, King of England and his queen consort, née Lady Elizabeth Woodville, daughter of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg.
1477 Jerome Emser born of a good family at Ulm.
1502 Pierino Belli an Italian soldier and jurist.
1572 Sigismund Báthory Prince of Transylvania.
1601 Henri Count of Harcourt a French nobleman. He was count of Harcourt, count of Armagnac, count of Brionne and viscount of Marsan. He was the younger son of Charles I, Duke of Elbeuf and his wife Marguerite de Chabot, countess of Charny
1606 Georg von Derfflinger a field marshal in the army of Brandenburg-Prussia during and after the Thirty Years' War.
1612 Anne Bradstreet the most prominent of early English poets of North America and first female writer in the British North American colonies to be published. Her first volume of poetry was The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America, published in 1650. It was met with a positive reception in both the Old World and the New World
1615 Dara Shikoh the eldest son and the heir-apparent of the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. His name دارا شكوه in Persian means "as magnificent as Dara". He was favoured as a successor by his father and his sister Princess Jahanara Begum Sahib, but was defeated by his younger brother Prince Muhiuddin in a bitter struggle for the imperial throne
1619 Georg Albrecht Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach a German prince and member of the House of Hohenzollern.
1634 Balthasar Bekker a Dutch minister and author of philosophical and theological works. Opposing superstition, he was a key figure in the end of the witchcraft persecutions in early modern Europe. His best known work is De Betoverde Weereld , or The World Bewitched
1635 Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt a princess of Hesse-Darmstadt and wife of the Prince-elector of the Palatinate.
1639 Ivan Mazepa the Cossack Hetman of the Hetmanate in Left-bank Ukraine, from 1687–1708, and Prince of the Holy Roman Empire ad personam 1707-1709. He was famous as a patron of the arts, and also played an important role in the Battle of Poltava where after learning of Peter I's intent to relieve him as acting Hetman of Ukraine and replace him with Alexander Menshikov, he deserted his army and sided with Charles of Sweden. The politicization of this desertion has held a lasting legacy in both Russian and Ukrainian national history
1652 Leon Bazyli Sapieha a Polish-Lithuanian politician. He was the treasurer of the Lithuanian court and Lithuanian army general and member of the noble Sapieha family. He was the son of Paweł Jan Sapieha and brother to Jan Kazimierz Sapieha the Younger, amongst many other siblings
1671 Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg and the maternal grandmother of Empress Maria Theresa, Queen Elisabeth Christine of Prussia, Queen Juliane Marie of Denmark and Tsar Peter II of Russia. She was also the maternal great-grand mother of the Queen of France Marie Antoinette and Emperor Ivan VI of Russia and the great-great-grand mother of Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
1691 Dorothea Wilhelmine of Saxe-Zeitz a duchess of Saxe-Zeitz by birth and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel.
1724 Duncan Ban MacIntyre one of the most renowned of Scottish Gaelic poets and formed an integral part of one of the golden ages of Gaelic poetry in Scotland during the 18th century. He is best known for his poem about Beinn Dorain; "Moladh Beinn Dòbhrain" :
1725 Abdul Hamid I the 27th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He was the son of sultan Ahmed III and succeeded his brother Mustafa III on 21 January 1774. He was born in Constantinople. His mother was Râbi'a Sharmi Sultana
1728 Samuel-Auguste Tissot a notable 18th century Swiss physician.
1735 Torbern Bergman a Swedish chemist and mineralogist noted for his 1775 Dissertation on Elective Attractions, containing the largest chemical affinity tables ever published. Bergman was the first chemist to use the A, B, C, etc., system of notation for chemical species
1737 Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke the founder and the first monarch of the reigning House of Chakri of Siam. His full title is Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramoruraja Maha Chakri Borommanat Phraphutthayotfa Chulalok. He ascended the throne in 1782, after defeating a rebellion which had deposed King Taksin of Thonburi. He was also celebrated as the founder of Rattanakosin as the new capital of the reunited kingdom. Rama I was born from a Mon family where his father served in the royal court in the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, and had served King Taksin in wars against the Burmese Konbaung dynasty and helped him in the reunification of Siam. During this time he emerged as Siam's most powerful military leader. In 1782, he took control of Siam and crowned himself as the monarch
1744 Johann Ewald a German military officer from Hesse-Kassel. After first serving in the Seven Years' War, he was the commander of the Jäger corps of the Hessian Leib Infantry Regiment attached to British forces in the American Revolutionary War. He arrived with his troops, first serving in the Battle of White Plains in October 1776. He saw regular action until his capture at Yorktown in 1781. In 1788, he joined the Danish Army, where he rose to the rank of lieutenant general; he also served as governor general of Holstein during the Napoleonic Wars. Following his American war experiences, he wrote an Essay on Partisan Warfare , a widely read treatise on guerrilla warfare. He also kept a journal during most of his time in North America that has since become a valuable resource for historians of the war
1750 Martin van Marum a Dutch physician, inventor, scientist and teacher, who studied medicine and philosophy in Groningen. Van Marum introduced modern chemistry in the Netherlands after the theories of Lavoisier, and several scientific applications for general use. He became famous for his demonstrations with instruments, most notable the Large electricity machine, to show statical electricity and chemical experiments while curator for the Teylers Museum
1754 Alexander Shishkov a Russian statesman, writer, and admiral.
1768 Pierre François Tissot a French man of letters and politician.
1770 Friedrich Hölderlin a major German lyric poet, commonly associated with the artistic movement known as Romanticism. Hölderlin was also an important thinker in the development of German Idealism, particularly his early association with and philosophical influence on his seminary roommates and fellow Swabians Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
1771 Heinrich Clauren a German author.
1780 José Joaquín de Olmedo y Maruri Patriot and poet, son of the Spanish Captain Don Miguel de Olmedo y Troyano and the Guayaquilean Ana Francisca de Maruri y Salavarría.
1787 Casimir-Louis-Victurnien de Rochechouart de Mortemart a French soldier, diplomat and politician. In 1830 Charles X of France made him president of the Conseil des ministres
1794 René Lesson a French surgeon, naturalist, ornithologist, and herpetologist.
1796 Edward Gibbon Wakefield a British politician, the driving force behind much of the early colonisation of South Australia, and later New Zealand.
1799 Karl August Nicander a Swedish lyric poet.
1800 Braulio Carrillo Colina the Head of State of Costa Rica during two periods: the first between 1835 to 1837, and the de facto between 1838 and 1842.
1800 Gottfried Bernhardy born at Landsberg an der Warthe in the Neumark.
1804 Wilhelm Bendz a Danish painter mainly known for genre works and portraits which often portray his artist colleagues and their daily lives. He was one of the most talented artists in the successful generation of painters who studied under Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg but died early and has therefore left a relatively small oeuvre
1805 Thomas Cooper (poet) a poet and one of the leading Chartists. He wrote poetry, notably the 944 stanzas of his prison-rhyme the Purgatory of Suicides , novels and, in later life, religious texts. An autodidact shoemaker, preacher, schoolmaster and journalist before he became a Chartist in 1840, Cooper was a passionate, determined and fiery man
1806 Désiré Nisard a French author and literary critic. He was born at Châtillon-sur-Seine
1807 Mary E. Hewitt an American poet and editor born in Malden, Massachusetts to Thomas Hewitt and Elizabeth Durkee. On April 25, 1832 she married Samuel Jillson. Mary gave birth to five children
1808 Antoine Étex a French sculptor, painter and architect.
1811 George Caleb Bingham an American artist whose paintings of American life in the frontier lands along the Missouri River exemplify the Luminist style. Left to languish in obscurity, Bingham's work was rediscovered in the 1930s. By the time of his bicentennial in 2011, he was considered one of the greatest American painters of the 19th century. That year the George Caleb Bingham Catalogue Raisonné Supplement Of Paintings & Drawings announced the authentication of ten recently discovered paintings by Bingham; like all but about 5% of his works, they are unsigned
1811 Napoleon II the son of Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, and his second wife, Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.
1818 Johan Lange a prominent Danish botanist.
1820 Alexandru Ioan Cuza Prince of Moldavia, Prince of Wallachia, and later Domnitor of the Romanian Principalities. He was a prominent figure of the Revolution of 1848 in Moldavia. He initiated a series of reforms that contributed to the modernization of Romanian society and of state structures
1823 John Echols a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
1824 Theodor von Heuglin a German explorer and ornithologist.
1826 Ruggero Bonghi an Italian scholar, writer and politician.