Died on March 20

687 Cuthbert a saint of the early Northumbrian church in the Celtic tradition. He was a monk, bishop and hermit, associated with the monasteries of Melrose and Lindisfarne in what might loosely be termed the Kingdom of Northumbria in the Northeast of England. After his death he became one of the most important medieval saints of Northern England, with a cult centred on his tomb at Durham Cathedral. Cuthbert is regarded as the patron saint of northern England. His feast day is 20 March
842 Alfonso II of Asturias the king of Asturias from 791 to his death, the son of Fruela I and the Basque Munia.
851 Ebbo archbishop of Rheims from 816 until 835 and again from 840 to 841. He was born a German serf on the royal demesne of Charlemagne. He was educated at his court and became the librarian and councillor of Louis the Pious, king of Aquitaine, son of Charlemagne. When Louis became emperor, he appointed Ebbo to the see of Rheims, then vacant after the death of Wulfaire
1181 Taira no Kiyomori a military leader of the late Heian period of Japan. He established the first samurai-dominated administrative government in the history of Japan
1191 Pope Clement III born Paulino Scolari, reigned from 19 December 1187 to his death in 1191.
1239 Hermann von Salza the fourth Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1210 to 1239. A skilled diplomat with ties to the Holy Roman Emperor and the Pope, Hermann oversaw the expansion of the military order into Prussia
1352 Obizzo III d'Este Marquis of Ferrara the Marquess of Ferrara from 1317 until his death.
1390 Alexios III of Trebizond Megas Komnenos or Alexius III , Emperor of Trebizond from December 1349 until his death. He is perhaps the best-documented ruler of that country, and his reign is distinguished by a number of religious grants and literary creations
1393 John of Nepomuk a national saint of the Czech Republic, who was drowned in the Vltava river at the behest of Wenceslaus, King of the Romans and King of Bohemia. Later accounts state that he was the confessor of the queen of Bohemia and refused to divulge the secrets of the confessional. On the basis of this account, John of Nepomuk is considered the first martyr of the Seal of the Confessional, a patron against calumnies and, because of the manner of his death, a protector from floods
1413 Henry IV of England King of England and Lord of Ireland. He was the tenth King of England of the House of Plantagenet and also asserted his grandfather's claim to the title King of France. He was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire, hence his other name, Henry Bolingbroke /ˈbɒlɪŋbrʊk/. His father, John of Gaunt, was the third son of Edward III, and enjoyed a position of considerable influence during much of the reign of Henry's cousin Richard II, whom Henry eventually deposed. Henry's mother was Blanche, heiress to the considerable Lancaster estates, and thus he became the first King of England from the Lancaster branch of the Plantagenets
1440 Sigismund Kęstutaitis the Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1432 to 1440. Sigismund was his baptismal name; Sigismund's pagan Lithuanian birth name is unknown. He was the son of the Grand Duke of Lithuania Kęstutis and his wife Birutė
1549 Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley probably best known, however, for his influence in the life of the future Queen Elizabeth I.
1568 Albert Duke of Prussia the last Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, who after converting to Lutheranism, became the first monarch of the Duchy of Prussia, the secularized state that emerged from the former Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights. Albert was the first European ruler to establish Protestantism as the official state religion of his lands. He proved instrumental in the political spread of Protestantism in its early stage, ruling the Prussian lands for nearly six decades
1571 Giovanni Animuccia an Italian composer of the Renaissance and was involved in the heart of Rome’s liturgical musical life, and one of Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina's most important contemporaries. As the first maestro di capella of St Philip Neri's Oratory and magister cantorum of the Capella Giulia, he was composing music at the very centre of the Roman Catholic Church, during the turbulent reforms of the Counter-Reformation and as part of the new movements that began to flourish around the middle of the century. His music reflects these changes
1619 Matthias Holy Roman Emperor a member of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 and King of Bohemia from 1611. He was a member of the House of Habsburg
1622 Petro Konashevych-Sahaidachny Ukrainian political and civic leader, Hetman of Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossacks from 1616–1622, a brilliant military leader both on land and sea. While being a Cossack Hetman, he transformed the Cossack Host from the erratic military formation into regular army. Under his leadership the cossacks, the Orthodox clergy and peasants had been begun to emerge as the united nation. His troops played a significant role in the battle of Khotyn against the Turks in 1621 and prince Władysław's attempt to gain the Moscovy throne in 1618
1622 Osman II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1618 until his death on 20 May 1622.
1653 Wolfgang Wilhelm Count Palatine of Neuburg a German Prince. He was Count palatine of Neuburg and Duke of Jülich and Berg
1663 Biagio Marini an Italian virtuoso violinist and composer of the first half of the seventeenth century.
1673 Augustyn Kordecki a prior of the Jasna Góra Monastery, Poland.
1687 Margravine Magdalene Sibylle of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Electress of Saxony from 1656 to 1680 as the wife of John George The daughter of Christian, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and Marie of Prussia, she was by birth a Markgräfin, or Margravine, and a member of the Brandenburg-Bayreuth branch of the House of Hohenzollern.
1703 Johann von Löwenstern-Kunckel born in 1630 , near Rendsburg, his father being alchemist to the court of Holstein. He became chemist and apothecary to the dukes of Lauenburg, and then to the Elector of Saxony, Johann Georg II, who put him in charge of the royal laboratory at Dresden. Intrigues engineered against him caused him to resign this position in 1677, and for a time he lectured on chemistry at Annaberg and Wittenberg. Invited to Berlin by Frederick William, in 1679 he became director of the laboratory and glass works of Brandenburg. In 1688 the king of Sweden, Charles XI, brought him to Stockholm, ennobling him under the name von Löwenstern-Kunckel in 1693 and making him a member of the Bergskollegium, the Board of Mines. He died probably on 20 March 1703 near Stockholm
1726 Isaac Newton English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher
1728 Camille d'Hostun duc de Tallard a French noble, diplomat and military commander, who became Marshal of France.
1730 Adrienne Lecouvreur a French actress, considered by many as the greatest of her time. Born in Damery, she first appeared professionally on the stage in Lille. After her Paris debut at the Comédie-Française in 1717, she was immensely popular with the public. Together with Michel Baron, she was credited for having developed a more natural, less stylized, type of acting
1746 Nicolas de Largillière a painter born in Paris, France.
1765 Paolo Antonio Rolli an Italian librettist and poet.
1766 Giovanni Battista Pescetti an organist and composer. Born in Venice around 1704, he studied under Antonio Lotti for some time. Having spent some time writing operas in and around Venice, he left for London in 1736, becoming director of the Opera of the Nobility in 1737
1767 Firmin Abauzit a French scholar who worked on physics, theology and philosophy, and served as librarian in Geneva during his final 40 years. Abauzit is also notable for proofreading or correcting the writings of Isaac Newton and other scholars
1771 Louis-Michel van Loo a French painter.
1773 Gottlieb Heinrich Totleben a Saxon-born Russian Empire general known for his adventurism and contradictory military career.
1773 Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia the Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia from 1730 until his death.
1780 Benjamin Truman a notable English entrepreneur and brewer during the 18th century. He is notable for the expansion of the Truman Brewery in the Spitalfields area of east London
1793 William Murray 1st Earl of Mansfield a British barrister, politician and judge noted for his reform of English law. Born to Scottish nobility, he was educated in Perth, Scotland before moving to London at the age of 13 to take up a place at Westminster School. He was accepted into Christ Church, Oxford, in May 1723, and graduated four years later. Returning to London from Oxford, he was called to the Bar by Lincoln's Inn on 23 November 1730, and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent barrister
1809 Mary Bateman an English criminal and alleged witch, known as the "Yorkshire Witch", who was tried and executed for murder during the early 19th century.
1812 Jan Ladislav Dussek a Czech composer and pianist. He was an important representative of Czech music abroad in the second half of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century. Some of his more forward-looking piano works have traits often associated with Romanticism
1816 Maria I of Portugal Queen of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves. Known as Maria the Pious , or Maria the Mad , she was the first undisputed Queen regnant of Portugal. With Napoleon's European conquests, her court, then under the direction of Prince Dom João, the Prince Regent, moved to the then Portuguese colony of Brazil. Later on, Brazil would be elevated from the rank of a colony to that of a Kingdom, with the consequential formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
1818 Johann Nikolaus Forkel a German musician, musicologist and music theorist.
1835 Louis Léopold Robert a Swiss painter.
1840 Anton Friedrich Justus Thibaut a German jurist and musician.
1844 Pierre Claude Pajol a French cavalry general and military commander during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and political figure.
1847 Mademoiselle Mars born in Paris, the natural daughter of the actor-author named Monvel and Jeanne-Marie Salvetat , an actress known as Madame Mars, whose southern accent had made her Paris debut a failure.
1855 Joseph Aspdin an English cement manufacturer who obtained the patent for Portland cement on 21 October 1824.
1857 Ours-Pierre-Armand Petit-Dufrénoy a French geologist and mineralogist.
1858 Johannes Gossner born at Hausen near Augsburg.
1863 Ottaviano-Fabrizio Mossotti an Italian physicist exiled from Italy for his liberal ideas. He later taught astronomy and physics at the University of Buenos Aires. His name is associated with a type of multiple-element lens correcting spherical aberration and coma, but not chromatic aberration. The Clausius-Mossotti formula is partly named after him. Mossotti was Chair of Experimental Physics in Buenos Aires and taught numerous Argentinian physicians his views on dielectrics, thereby becoming influential on the Argentine-German neurobiological tradition as regards electricity inside brain tissue, and later on this tradition's models of stationary waves in the interference of neural activity for short-term memory. He returned to Italy, participated in military actions after his age of sixty, and was appointed as Senator. There Mossotti also was influential on Hendrik Lorentz's views on fundamental forces, as well as more than five hundred mathematician students
1865 Yamanami Keisuke a Japanese samurai. He was the General Secretary of the Shinsengumi, a special police force in Kyoto during the late Edo period
1866 Rikard Nordraak a Norwegian composer. He is best known as the composer of the Norwegian national anthem, "Ja, vi elsker dette landet"
1872 William Wentworth an Australian poet, explorer, journalist and politician, and one of the leading figures of early colonial New South Wales. He was the first native-born Australian to achieve a reputation overseas, and a leading advocate for self-government for the Australian colonies
1872 Francisco Palau a Catalan Discalced Carmelite friar and priest. Growing up in the chaos of the Peninsular War in Spain, he followed both the life of a hermit and of a missionary preacher in the rural regions of Catalonia. He founded the School of Virtue—which was a model of catechetical teaching for adults—in Barcelona. In 1860 he founded a mixed Congregation of Third Order of Discalced Carmelites, including both Brothers and Sisters, in the Balearic Islands. The legacy of this foundation is carried on by two religious congregations of women who serve throughout the world