March 20 events in history

235 Maximinus Thrax is proclaimed emperor. He is the first foreigner to hold the Roman throne
673 Emperor Tenmu of Japan assumes the Chrysanthemum throne at the Palace of Kiyomihara in Asuka
1206 Michael IV Autoreianos is appointed Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
1600 The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden
1602 The Dutch East India Company is established
1616 Sir Walter Raleigh is freed from the Tower of London after 13 years of imprisonment
1760 The "Great Fire" of Boston, Massachusetts, destroys 349 buildings
1815 After escaping from Elba, Napoleon enters Paris with a regular army of 140,000 and a volunteer force of around 200,000, beginning his "Hundred Days" rule
1848 Revolutions of 1848 in the German states: King Ludwig I of Bavaria abdicates
1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published
1854 The Republican Party of the United States is organized in Ripon, Wisconsin
1861 An earthquake completely destroys Mendoza, Argentina
1883 The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property is signed
1888 The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta is staged in Moscow, Russia
1913 Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese Nationalist Party, is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies 2 days later
1916 Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity
1922 The USS Langley (CV-1) is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier
1923 The Arts Club of Chicago hosts the opening of Pablo Picasso's first United States showing, entitled Original Drawings by Pablo Picasso, becoming an early proponent of modern art in the United States
1933 Giuseppe Zangara is executed in Florida's electric chair for fatally shooting Anton Cermak in an assassination attempt against President-Elect Franklin D. Roosevelt
1933 Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler ordered the creation of Dachau Concentration Camp as Chief of Police of Munich and appointed Theodor Eicke as the camp commandant
1942 World War II: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: "I came out of Bataan and I shall return"
1948 With a Musicians Union ban lifted, the first telecasts of classical music in the United States, under Eugene Ormandy and Arturo Toscanini, are given on CBS and NBC
1951 Fujiyoshida, a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of Honshū is founded
1952 The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with Japan
1956 Tunisia gains independence from France
1964 The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO (European Space Research Organization) is established per an agreement signed on June 14, 1962
1972 The Troubles: A Provisional IRA car bomb kills seven and injures 148 in Belfast, Northern Ireland. It was the first of many car bomb attacks by the group
1974 Ian Ball attempts, but fails, to kidnap Her Royal Highness Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips in The Mall, outside Buckingham Palace, London
1980 The Radio Caroline ship, Mi Amigo founders in a gale off the English coast
1985 Libby Riddles becomes the first woman to win the 1,135-mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race
1985 Canadian paraplegic athlete and humanitarian Rick Hansen begins his circumnavigation of the globe in a wheelchair in the name of spinal cord injury medical research
1987 The Food and Drug Administration approves the anti-AIDS drug, AZT
1988 Eritrean War of Independence: Having defeated the Nadew Command, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front enters the town of Afabet, victoriously concluding the Battle of Afabet
1990 Ferdinand Marcos's widow, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement, and racketeering
1993 The Troubles: A Provisional IRA bomb kills two children in Warrington, England. It leads to mass protests in both Britain and Ireland
1995 A sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway kills 13 and wounds 1,300 persons
1999 Legoland California, the first Legoland outside of Europe, opens in Carlsbad, California
2000 Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after murdering Georgia sheriff's deputy Ricky Kinchen and critically wounding Deputy Aldranon English
2003 2003 invasion of Iraq: In the early hours of the morning, the United States and three other countries (the UK, Australia and Poland) begin military operations in Iraq
2006 Over 150 Chadian soldiers are killed in eastern Chad by members of the rebel UFDC. The rebel movement sought to overthrow Chadian president Idriss Deby
2012 At least 52 people are killed and more than 250 injured in a wave of terror attacks across 10 cities in Iraq
2014 Four suspected Taliban members attack the luxurious Kabul Serena Hotel, killing at least 9 people