Died on March 21

1034 Ezzo Count Palatine of Lotharingia undoubtedly one of the most important figures of the Rhenish History of his time.
1063 Richeza of Lotharingia a German noblewoman by birth, a member of the Ezzonen dynasty. She married Mieszko II Lambert, King of Poland, becoming Queen consort of Poland. She returned to Germany following the deposition of her husband in 1031, later becoming a nun, and today is reverenced as Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia
1076 Robert I Duke of Burgundy duke of Burgundy from 1032 to his death. Robert was son of King Robert II of France and brother of Henry I of France
1201 Absalon a Danish archbishop and statesman, who was the Bishop of Roskilde from 1158 to 1192 and Archbishop of Lund from 1178 until his death. He was the foremost politician and churchfather of Denmark in the second half of the 12th century, and was the closest advisor of King Valdemar I of Denmark. He was a key figure in the Danish policies of territorial expansion in the Baltic Sea, Europeanization in close relationship with the Holy See, and reform in the relation between the Church and the public. He combined the ideals of Gregorian Reform ideals with loyal support of a strong monarchical power
1306 Robert II Duke of Burgundy duke of Burgundy between 1272 and 1306. Robert was the third son of duke Hugh IV and Yolande of Dreux
1475 Simon of Trent a boy from the city of Trento, Italy whose disappearance was blamed on the leaders of the city's Jewish community based on his dead body allegedly being found in the cellar of a Jewish family's house.
1487 Nicholas of Flüe the patron saint of Switzerland. He is sometimes invoked as "Brother Klaus." A farmer, military leader, member of the assembly, councillor, judge and mystic, he was respected as a man of complete moral integrity, Brother Klaus's counsel to the Diet of Stans helped to prevent war between the Swiss cantons
1556 Thomas Cranmer a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary He helped build the case for the annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, which was one of the causes of the separation of the English Church from union with the Holy See. Along with Thomas Cromwell, he supported the principle of Royal Supremacy, in which the king was considered sovereign over the Church within his realm
1571 Hans Asper a Swiss painter.
1656 James Ussher Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland between 1625 and 1656. He was a prolific scholar, who most famously published a chronology that purported to establish the time and date of the creation as the night preceding Sunday, 23 October 4004 BC, according to the proleptic Julian calendar
1676 Henri Sauval a French historian.
1729 John Law (economist) a Scottish economist who believed that money was only a means of exchange that did not constitute wealth in itself and that national wealth depended on trade. He was appointed Controller General of Finances of France under the Duke of Orleans, Regent for the youthful King Louis XV
1734 Robert Wodrow a Scottish historian.
1751 Johann Heinrich Zedler a bookseller and publisher. His most important achievement was the creation of a German encyclopedia, the Grosses Universal-Lexicon , the largest and most comprehensive German-language encyclopedia developed in the 18th century
1762 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille a French astronomer. Note that the birth date given here is that of his baptism; babies were normally baptised on the day that they were born. The traditional birth date of 15 March 1713 has been questioned due to many infants of the Roman Catholic Church being baptised on the day of their birth in the 17th and 18th centuries
1772 Jacques-Nicolas Bellin a French hydrographer, geographer, and member of the French intellectual group called the philosophes.
1772 Alexander Kokorinov a Russian architect and educator, one of the founders, the first builder, director and rector of the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Peterburg. Kokorinov has been house architect of the Razumovsky family and Ivan Shuvalov, the first President of the Academy. Kokorinov's surviving architectural legacy, once believed to be substantial, has been reduced by recent research to only two buildings, the Imperial Academy of Arts and Kirill Razumovsky palace in Saint Petersburg. The Academy was designed by Jean-Baptiste Vallin de la Mothe based on an earlier proposal by Jacques-François Blondel, while Kokorinov managed the construction in its early phases
1786 Johann Gottlieb Preller a German cantor, composer, and land surveyor.
1795 Giovanni Arduino (geologist) known as the "Father of Italian Geology".
1795 Honoré III Prince of Monaco Duke of Valentinois for almost sixty years from 1733 to 1793. Honoré was the son of Jacques I, Prince of Monaco and his wife, Louise Hippolyte, Princess of Monaco
1800 William Blount an American statesman and land speculator, and a signer of the United States Constitution. He was a member of the North Carolina delegation at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, and led efforts in North Carolina to ratify the Constitution in 1789. He subsequently served as the only governor of the Southwest Territory, and played a leading role in helping the territory gain admission to the Union as the State of Tennessee. He was selected as one of Tennessee's initial U.S. senators in 1796
1801 Andrea Luchesi an Italian composer.
1804 Louis Antoine Duke of Enghien a relative of the Bourbon monarchs of France. More famous for his death than for his life, he was executed on trumped-up charges of aiding Britain and plotting against France. Royalty across Europe were shocked and dismayed, and never again trusted Napoleon. Tsar Alexander I of Russia was especially alarmed, and decided to curb Napoleon's power
1821 Michael Bryan (art historian) an English art historian, art dealer and connoisseur. He was involved in the purchase and resale of the great French Orleans Collection of art selling it on to a British syndicate, and owned a fashionable art gallery in Savile Row, London. His book, "Biographical and Critical Dictionary of Painters and Engravers", was a standard reference work throughout the 19th century, and was last republished in 1920; however it is now badly outdated
1827 Daulat Scindia the king of Gwalior state in central India from 1794 until his death in 1827. His reign coincided with struggles for supremacy within the Maratha Confederacy, and with Maratha resistance to the consolidation of British hegemony over northern and central India in the early 18th century. Daulatrao played a significant role in the Second and Third Anglo-Maratha wars
1830 Johann Rudolf Wyss a Swiss author, writer, and folklorist who wrote the words to the former Swiss national anthem Rufst Du, mein Vaterland in 1811, and also edited the novel The Swiss Family Robinson, written by his father Johann David Wyss, published in 1812. His father died in 1818, and Johann Robert Wyss died in 1830, at the young age of 48
1843 Guadalupe Victoria a Mexican politician and military officer who fought for independence against the Spanish Empire in the Mexican War of Independence. He was a deputy in the Mexican Chamber of Deputies for Durango and a member of the Supreme Executive Power. He also served as the first president of Mexico
1843 Robert Southey an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the so-called "Lake Poets", and Poet Laureate for 30 years from 1813 to his death in 1843. Although his fame has been long eclipsed by that of his contemporaries and friends William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Southey's verse still enjoys some popularity
1855 Kitsos Tzavelas a Greek fighter in the Greek War of Independence and later Greek Army General and Prime Minister of Greece.
1857 Abraham Jacob van der Aa a Dutch writer. He was born in Amsterdam in 1792. His father was a lawyer. From the ages of 6 to 12, he visited the dayschool in Amstelveen. After that, he was sent to the boarding school of J.E. van Iterson in Aarlanderveen but only stayed there for a year. After a short stay at the Latin school in Leiden, where his parents lived at that time, he was sent to the Seminarium in Lingen, Germany to study the "dead languages"
1861 Joseph zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck a German amateur botanist and owner of Castle Dyck. Dyck was a member of an important aristocratic family that had ruled a small territory until the Mediatisation of small German states in the early 19th century
1862 Alfred I Prince of Windisch-Grätz a member of the Bohemian noble Windisch-Graetz family, originally from Styria. He started service in the Habsburg imperial army in 1804. As an Austrian army officer he distinguished himself throughout the wars fought by the Habsburg Monarchy in the 19th century
1863 Edwin Vose Sumner a career United States Army officer who became a Union Army general and the oldest field commander of any Army Corps on either side during the American Civil War. His nicknames "Bull" or "Bull Head" came both from his great booming voice and a legend that a musket ball once bounced off his head
1864 Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin a 19th-century French painter. His celebrated 1836 work Jeune Homme Nu Assis au Bord de la Mer is in the Louvre
1864 Carl Benedict Hase born at Sulza near Naumburg.
1864 Luke Howard a British manufacturing chemist and an amateur meteorologist with broad interests in science. His lasting contribution to science is a nomenclature system for clouds, which he proposed in an 1802 presentation to the Askesian Society
1866 Nadezhda Durova a woman who, while disguised as a man, became a decorated soldier in the Russian cavalry during the Napoleonic wars. She was the first known female officer in the Russian military. Her memoir, The Cavalry Maiden, is a significant document of its era because few junior officers of the Napoleonic wars published their experiences, and because it is one of the earliest autobiographies in the Russian language
1869 Juan Almonte a 19th-century Mexican official, soldier and diplomat. He was a veteran of the Battle of the Alamo during the Texas Revolution. Almonte was also a leader of Mexico's Conservatives in the 1860s and served as regent after the Second Mexican Empire was established by Napoleon III of France
1871 Fyodor Mikhaylovich Reshetnikov a Russian author. In his short 29 ½ years he published to critical acclaim a number of novels dealing with the plight of the lower classes
1871 Petar Beron a Bulgarian educator.
1879 Lewis R. Bradley an American politician. He was the second Governor of Nevada in the United States from 1871 to 1879. He was a member of the Democratic Party
1880 Elias David Sassoon an Iraqi-Indian philanthropist and businessman involved in trade in India and the Far East.
1880 José Ignacio de Márquez a Colombian statesman, lawyer and professor, who served as Vice President of Colombia under the presidency of Francisco de Paula Santander, and subsequently was elected President of the Republic of the New Granada for the presidential term of 1837 to 1841.
1881 Anders Fryxell a Swedish historian.
1883 Grigol Orbeliani a Georgian Romanticist poet and soldier in the Imperial Russian service. One of the most colorful figures in the 19th-century Georgian culture, Orbeliani is noted for his patriotic poetry, lamenting Georgia's lost past and independent monarchy. At the same time, he spent decades in the Russian military service, rising through ranks to highest positions in the imperial administration in the Caucasus
1884 Ezra Abbot an American biblical scholar.
1885 Princess Elisabeth of Prussia the second daughter of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia and Landgravine Marie Anna of Hesse-Homburg and a granddaughter of Frederick William II of Prussia. She was the mother-in-law of Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, second daughter of Queen Victoria. Prince Philip is her great-great-grandson
1889 Dmitry Petrovich Maksutov an Imperial Russian Navy rear-admiral who was the last Governor of Russian America. He has streets dedicated to his memory in Sitka and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
1890 George Crook a career United States Army officer, most noted for his distinguished service during the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. During the 1880s, the Apache nicknamed Crook Nantan Lupan, which means "Grey Wolf."
1891 Joseph E. Johnston a career U.S. Army officer, serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War and Seminole Wars, and was also one of the most senior general officers in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was unrelated to Albert Sidney Johnston, another high-ranking Confederate general