Born on March 22

841 Bernard Plantapilosa the Count of Auvergne from 872 to his death. The Emperor Charles the Fat granted him the title of Margrave of Aquitaine in 885
875 William I Duke of Aquitaine the Count of Auvergne from 886 and Duke of Aquitaine from 893, succeeding the Poitevin ruler Ebalus Manser. He made numerous monastic foundations, most important among them the foundation of Cluny Abbey on 11 September 910
1212 Emperor Go-Horikawa the 86th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years from 1221 through 1232
1367 Thomas de Mowbray 1st Duke of Norfolk an English peer. As a result of his involvement in the power struggles which led up to the fall of Richard II, he was banished and died in exile in Venice
1394 Ulugh Beg a Timurid ruler as well as an astronomer, mathematician and sultan. His commonly known name is not truly a personal name, but rather a moniker, which can be loosely translated as "Great Ruler" or "Patriarch Ruler" and was the Turkic equivalent of Timur's Perso-Arabic title Amīr-e Kabīr. His real name was Mīrzā Mohammad Tāraghay bin Shāhrokh. Ulugh Beg was also notable for his work in astronomy-related mathematics, such as trigonometry and spherical geometry. He built the great Ulugh Beg Observatory in Samarkand between 1424 and 1429. It was considered by scholars to have been one of the finest observatories in the Islamic world at the time and the largest in Central Asia. He built the Ulugh Beg Madrasah in Samarkand and Bukhara, transforming the cities into cultural centers of learning in Central Asia. He was also a mathematics genius of the 15th century — albeit his mental aptitude was perseverance rather than any unusual endowment of intellect. His Observatory is situated in Samarkand which is in Uzbekistan. He ruled Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, southern Kazakhstan and most of Afghanistan for almost half a century from 1411 to 1449
1459 Maximilian I Holy Roman Emperor King of the Romans from 1486 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death, though he was never in fact crowned by the Pope, the journey to Rome always being too risky. He had ruled jointly with his father for the last ten years of his father's reign, from 1483. He expanded the influence of the House of Habsburg through war and his marriage in 1477 to Mary of Burgundy, the heiress to the Duchy of Burgundy, but he also lost the Austrian territories in today's Switzerland to the Swiss Confederacy
1490 Francesco Maria I della Rovere Duke of Urbino an Italian condottiero, who was Duke of Urbino from 1508 to 1516 and 1521 to 1538 when he retook the throne from Lorenzo II de' Medici.
1503 Antonio Francesco Grazzini an Italian author.
1517 Gioseffo Zarlino an Italian music theorist and composer of the Renaissance. He was possibly the most famous music theorist between Aristoxenus and Rameau, and made a large contribution to the theory of counterpoint as well as to musical tuning
1519 Catherine Willoughby 12th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby an English noblewoman living at the royal courts of King Henry VIII, King Edward VI and later, Queen Elizabeth She was the fourth wife of Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, who acted as her legal guardian during his third marriage to Mary Tudor, the younger sister of Henry VIII. Her second husband was Richard Bertie, a member of her household. Following Charles Brandon's death in 1545, it was rumoured that King Henry had considered marrying Catherine as his seventh wife, while he was still married to his sixth wife, Catherine Parr, who was Catherine's close friend
1584 Grégoire de Saint-Vincent a Flemish Jesuit and mathematician.
1585 Krzysztof Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble , and a notable magnate, politician and military commander of his epoch. Sometimes referred to as Krzysztof Radziwiłł II, to distinguish him from his father, Krzysztof Mikołaj 'Piorun' Radziwłł
1599 Anthony van Dyck a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and Flanders. He is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court, painted with a relaxed elegance that was to be the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next 150 years. He also painted biblical and mythological subjects, displayed outstanding facility as a draftsman, and was an important innovator in watercolour and etching
1609 John II Casimir Vasa King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania during the era of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Duke of Opole in Upper Silesia, and titular King of Sweden 1648–1660. In Poland, he is known and commonly referred as Jan Kazimierz. His parents were Sigismund III Vasa and Constance of Austria. His older brother, and predecessor on the throne, was Władysław IV Vasa
1663 August Hermann Francke a German Lutheran clergyman, philanthropist, and Biblical scholar.
1677 Anna Louise Föhse the daughter of Rudolf Föhse , the court pharmacist in Dessau, and his wife, Agnes Ohme.
1684 Matthias Bel a Slovak Lutheran pastor and polymath from the Kingdom of Hungary. He is also known as the Great Ornament of Hungary. He described himself as "lingua Sla-vus, natione Hungarus, eruditione Germanus"
1684 William Pulteney 1st Earl of Bath sometimes stated to have been Prime Minister, for the shortest term ever , though most modern sources reckon that he cannot be considered to have held the office.
1705 Nicolas-Sébastien Adam a French sculptor working in the Neoclassical style. He was born in Nancy and died in Paris
1711 Samuel Gotthold Lange a German poet.
1712 Edward Moore (dramatist) born at Abingdon, Berkshire.
1720 Nicolas-Henri Jardin born in Germain des Noyers, Dept. Seine-et-Marne, France, and worked seventeen years in Denmark as an architect to the royal court. He introduced neoclassicism to Denmark
1723 Charles Carroll (barrister) an American lawyer and statesman from Annapolis, Maryland. He was the builder of the Baltimore Colonial home Mount Clare , and a delegate to the Second Continental Congress in 1776 and 1777
1728 Giacomo Insanguine an Italian composer, organist, and music educator.
1728 Anton Raphael Mengs a German Bohemian painter, active in Rome, Madrid and Saxony, who became one of the precursors to Neoclassical painting.
1759 Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp Queen of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Charles XIII and She was also a famed diarist, memoirist and witticist. She is generally known in Sweden by her full pen name in Swedish , though her official name as queen was Charlotte
1770 Sophie Ristaud Cottin a French writer whose novels were popular in the 19th century, and were translated into several different languages.
1771 Heinrich Zschokke a German, later Swiss, author and reformer. Most of his life was spent, and most of his reputation earned, in Switzerland. He had an extensive civil service career, and wrote histories, fiction and other works which were widely known
1778 Aleksey Merzlyakov a Russian poet, critic, translator, and professor.
1779 Antoine Virgile Schneider a soldier and politician. He was Minister of War under the July Monarchy in the second government of Jean de Dieu Soult of 12 May 1839 on 1 March 1840
1785 Adam Sedgwick one of the founders of modern geology. He proposed the Devonian period of the geological timescale. Later, he proposed the Cambrian period, based on work which he did on Welsh rock strata
1786 Joachim Lelewel a Polish historian, bibliographer, polyglot and politician, from a Polonized branch of a Prussian family.
1786 Karl Mayer (poet) a German jurist and poet of the Swabian school of poets, the circle of Justinus Kerner and the Serach poets' circle under count Alexander von Württemberg. His younger brother Louis Mayer was a landscape painter
1788 Pierre Joseph Pelletier a French chemist who did notable research on vegetable alkaloids, and was the co-discoverer of quinine and strychnine.
1797 Józef Zaliwski a Polish pułkownik of Kingdom of Poland, independence activist.
1797 William I German Emperor the King of Prussia and the first German Emperor , as well as the first Head of State of a united Germany. Under the leadership of William and his Minister President Otto von Bismarck, Prussia achieved the unification of Germany and the establishment of the German Empire. Despite his long support of Bismarck as Minister President, however, William held strong reservations about some of Bismarck's more reactionary policies, including his anti-Catholicism and tough handling of subordinates. Contrary to Bismarck, William was described as polite, gentlemanly, and while a staunch conservative, more open to certain classical liberal ideas than his grandson Wilhelm II
1799 Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander a German astronomer. He is known for his determinations of stellar brightnesses, positions, and distances
1799 Henrik Nikolai Krøyer a Danish zoologist.
1802 Raphael Kühner a German classical scholar.
1806 Gottlob Ludwig Rabenhorst a German botanist and mycologist.
1808 Ludwig Lange (architect) a German architect and landscape designer.
1808 David Swinson Maynard an American pioneer and doctor, and one of Seattle's primary founders. He was an effective civic booster and, compared to other white settlers, a relative advocate of Native American rights. His friendship with Chief Seattle was important in the formation of the city of Seattle, and it was he who proposed the city be named for this important chief. Maynard was Seattle's first doctor, merchant prince, second lawyer, Sub-Indian Agent, Justice of the Peace, and Architect of the Point Elliott Treaty of 1855
1809 Albrecht von Bernstorff a Prussian statesman.
1811 Sakuma Shōzan a Japanese politician and scholar of the Edo era.
1812 Stephen Pearl Andrews an American individualist anarchist, linguist, political philosopher, outspoken abolitionist, and author of several books on the labor movement and Individualist anarchism.
1814 Thomas Crawford (sculptor) best known for his numerous artistic contributions to the United States Capitol.
1815 Franz Eilhard Schulze a German anatomist and zoologist born in Eldena, near Greifswald.
1816 John Frederick Kensett an American artist and engraver. A member of the second generation of the Hudson River School of artists, Kensett's signature works are landscape paintings of New England and New York State, whose clear light and serene surfaces celebrate transcendental qualities of nature, and are associated with Luminism. Kensett's early work owed much to the influence of Thomas Cole, but was from the outset distinguished by a preference for cooler colors and an interest in less dramatic topography, favoring restraint in both palette and composition. The work of Kensett's maturity features tranquil scenery depicted with a spare geometry, culminating in series of paintings in which coastal promontories are balanced against glass-smooth water. He was a founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art
1817 Braxton Bragg a career United States Army officer, and then a general in the Confederate States Army—a principal commander in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and later the military adviser to the Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
1818 John Ainsworth Horrocks one of the first settlers in the Clare Valley in 1839. He established the town of Penwortham in South Australia