Died on March 22

264 Pope Dionysius of Alexandria Saint Dionysius of Alexandria, named "the Great," 14th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of Mark from December 28th, 248 until his death on March 22nd, 264 after seventeen years as a bishop. He was the first Pope to hold the title "the Great". Dionysius' large surviving correspondence provides most of our information about him. Only one original letter survives to this day; the remaining letters are excerpted in the works of Eusebius
542 Benedict of Nursia a Christian saint, honoured by the Catholic Church and the Anglican Church as the patron saint of Europe and students.
752 Pope Zachary reigned from 10 December 741 to his death in 752. A Greek from Santa Severina, Calabria, he was the last pope of the Byzantine Papacy. Most probably he was a deacon of the Roman Church and as such signed the decrees of the Roman council of 732 and was on intimate terms with Gregory III, whom he succeeded on 5 December 741
880 Carloman of Bavaria a Frankish king of the Carolingian dynasty. He was the eldest son of Louis the German, king of East Francia, and Hemma, daughter of a Bavarian count. His father appointed him margrave of Pannonia in 856, and upon his father's death in 876 he became King of Bavaria. He claimed the Kingdom of Italy from 875, but only conquered it in 877. In 879 he was incapacitated, perhaps by a stroke. On his death his kingdoms passed to his younger brothers: Bavaria to Louis the Younger and Italy to Charles the Fat
1018 Ali ibn Hammud al-Nasir the sixth Caliph of Córdoba from 1016 until his death. Of Berber origin, he was a member of the Hammudid dynasty of the Al-Andalus
1090 García II of Galicia the youngest of the three sons and heirs of Ferdinand I, King of Castile and León, and Sancha of León, whose Leonese inheritance included the lands García would be given.
1144 William of Norwich an English boy whose death was, at the time, attributed to the Jewish community of Norwich. It is the first known medieval accusation against Jews of ritual murder
1201 Jarosław Duke of Opole a Duke Opole from 1173 and Bishop of Wrocław from 1198 until his death.
1322 Thomas 2nd Earl of Lancaster an English nobleman. A junior member of the House of Plantagenet, he was one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to his first cousin, Edward II of England
1418 Nicolas Flamel a successful French scrivener and manuscript-seller. After his death Flamel developed a reputation as an alchemist believed to have discovered the Philosopher's Stone and achieved immortality. However, these legendary accounts only appeared in the seventeenth century
1418 Dietrich of Nieheim born at Nieheim, a small town subject to the see of Paderborn.
1421 Thomas of Lancaster 1st Duke of Clarence the second son of King Henry IV of England and his first wife, Mary de Bohun. He was born before 25 November 1387 as on that date his father's accounts note a payment made to a woman described as his nurse. Sandals and clothes were bought for him early in 1388, so the traditional birth date of 29 September 1388 may be safely discounted
1471 George of Poděbrady King of Bohemia. He was leader of the Hussites
1544 Johannes Magnus the last functioning Catholic Archbishop in Sweden, and also a theologian, genealogist, and historian.
1592 Johann VII Duke of Mecklenburg a Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
1602 Agostino Carracci an Italian painter and printmaker. He was the brother of the more famous Annibale and cousin of Lodovico Carracci
1640 Thomas Carew an English poet, among the 'Cavalier' group of Caroline poets.
1685 Emperor Go-Sai the 111th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1687 Jean-Baptiste Lully an Italian-born French composer, instrumentalist, and dancer who spent most of his life working in the court of Louis XIV of France. He is considered the chief master of the French baroque style. Lully disavowed any Italian influence in French music of the period. He became a French subject in 1661
1705 Christian Heinrich Postel a German jurist, epic poet and opera librettist, who wrote 28 libretti for the Oper am Gänsemarkt in Hamburg, set by composers such as Johann Philipp Förtsch, Reinhard Keiser and Georg Philipp Telemann. His texts for a St John Passion were set by composers Christian Ritter, Johann Mattheson and Johann Sebastian Bach in his St John Passion
1727 Ismail Ibn Sharif the second ruler of the Moroccan Alaouite dynasty. Like others of the dynasty, Ismaïl claimed to be a descendant of Muhammad through his roots to Hassan ibn Ali. He is also known in his native country as the "Warrior King"
1727 Francesco Gasparini an Italian Baroque composer and teacher whose works were performed throughout Italy, and also on occasion in Germany and England.
1758 Jonathan Edwards (theologian) a Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian. Edwards "is widely acknowledged to be America's most important and original philosophical theologian," and one of America's greatest intellectuals. Edwards's theological work is broad in scope, but he was rooted in Reformed theology, the metaphysics of theological determinism, and the Puritan heritage. Recent studies have emphasized how thoroughly Edwards grounded his life's work on conceptions of beauty, harmony, and ethical fittingness, and how central The Enlightenment was to his mindset. Edwards played a critical role in shaping the First Great Awakening, and oversaw some of the first revivals in 1733–35 at his church in Northampton, Massachusetts
1758 Richard Leveridge an English bass singer of the London stage and a composer of baroque music, including many popular songs.
1767 Francis Russell Marquess of Tavistock a British politician and the eldest son of the 4th Duke of Bedford.
1767 Johann Peter Süssmilch a German priest, statistician and demographer.
1771 Raimondo di Sangro an Italian nobleman, inventor, soldier, writer, scientist, alchemist and freemason best remembered for his reconstruction of the Chapel of Sansevero in Naples.
1772 John Canton an English physicist.
1775 Peter August Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck a Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck. He was the fifth and youngest son of Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and his wife Duchess Luise Charlotte of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
1777 Friederike Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt a princess of Hesse-Darmstadt and through her marriage a princess of Hesse-Kassel.
1808 Václav Matěj Kramerius a Czech publisher, journalist and writer, one of the most important early figures of the Czech National Revival.
1810 Semyon Bobrov a Russian poet and civil servant.
1820 Stephen Decatur a United States naval officer and Commodore notable for his many naval victories in the early 19th century.
1832 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe a German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour; and four novels. In addition, numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him are extant
1840 Étienne Bobillier a French mathematician.
1841 Tokugawa Ienari the eleventh and longest serving shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan who held office from 1787 to 1837. He was a great-grandson of the eighth shogun Tokugawa Yoshimune through his son Munetada , head of the Hitotsubashi branch of the family, and his grandson Harusada
1845 Cassandra Austen an amateur English watercolourist and the elder sister of Jane Austen.
1850 Carl Sigismund Kunth a German botanist. He is known for being one of the first to study and categorise plants from the American continents, publishing Nova genera et species plantarum quas in peregrinatione ad plagam aequinoctialem orbis novi collegerunt Bonpland et Humboldt
1851 Göran Wahlenberg a Swedish naturalist. He was born in Kroppa, Värmland County
1852 Auguste de Marmont a French general and nobleman who rose to the rank of Marshal of France and was awarded the title Duc de Raguse. He is best known for deserting Napoleon in 1814
1852 Marie of Hesse-Kassel queen consort of Denmark and Norway. She also served as regent of Denmark in 1814–1815
1853 Jean-Toussaint Arrighi de Casanova a French diplomat and soldier of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. In the late 1840s, Arrighi was also involved in politics and was elected Deputy and then Senator in the French Parliament. He was a cousin-in-law of Napoleon I of France
1856 Giulietta Guicciardi an Austrian countess and briefly a piano student of Ludwig van Beethoven. He dedicated his Piano Sonata 14 to her, which is now commonly known as the Moonlight Sonata
1857 Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wallroth a German botanist. His name is abbreviated Wallr. as a taxon authority
1862 Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn an Austrian "General of the Cavalry", best known for his training of light infantry and the refinement of the Tirailleur system.
1863 Opothleyahola a Muscogee Creek Indian chief, noted as a brilliant orator. He was a Speaker of the Upper Creek Council and supported traditional culture
1865 Gerhardt Wilhelm von Reutern a Baltic-German military officer and painter who co-founded the Artists' Colony at Willingshausen.
1866 Christopher Jacob Boström a Swedish philosopher. His ideas dominated Swedish philosophy until the beginning of the twentieth century. He also had a great influence on Swedish cultural life
1868 Hermann Gemmel a German architect, painter, and art teacher at the Kunstakademie Königsberg.
1871 Carl Heinrich 'Schultzenstein' Schultz a German physician and botanist. The appellation "Schultzenstein" is a reference to his birthplace; this was necessary to distinguish him from his contemporary Carl Heinrich 'Bipontinus' Schultz, also a German botanist