Born on March 24

1103 Yue Fei a military general who lived in the Southern Song dynasty. His ancestral home was in Xiaoti, Yonghe Village, Tangyin, Xiangzhou, Henan. He is best known for leading Southern Song forces in the wars in the 12th century between Southern Song and the Jurchen-ruled Jin dynasty in northern China before being put to death by the Southern Song government in 1142. He was granted the posthumous name Wumu by Emperor Xiaozong in 1169, and later granted the posthumous title King of È by Emperor Ningzong in 1211. Widely seen as a patriot and national folk hero in China, since after his death, Yue Fei has evolved into a standard epitome of loyalty in Chinese culture
1335 Edward le Despencer 1st Baron le Despencer the son of another Edward le Despenser and Anne, sister of Henry, Lord Ferrers of Groby. He succeeded as Lord of Glamorgan in 1349
1441 Ernest Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1464 to 1486.
1494 Georgius Agricola a German Catholic, scholar and scientist. Known as "the father of mineralogy", he was born at Glauchau in Saxony. His birth name was Georg Pawer ; Agricola is the Latinized version of his name, by which he was known his entire adult life; Agricola and Bauer mean "farmer" in their respective languages. He is best known for his book De Re Metallica
1579 Tirso de Molina a Spanish Baroque dramatist, a poet and a Roman Catholic monk.
1607 Michiel de Ruyter a Dutch admiral. He is the most famous and one of the most skilled admirals in Dutch history, most famous for his role in the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the 17th century. He fought the English and French and scored several major victories against them, the best known probably being the Raid on the Medway. The pious De Ruyter was very much loved by his sailors and soldiers; from them his most significant nickname derived: Bestevaêr
1621 John VI Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst.
1628 Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg queen of Denmark and Norway as the consort of the King Frederick III of Denmark.
1630 José Saenz d'Aguirre a Cardinal, and learned Spanish Benedictine.
1653 Joseph Sauveur a French mathematician and physicist. He was a professor of mathematics and in 1696 became a member of the French Academy of Sciences
1657 Arai Hakuseki a Confucianist, scholar-bureaucrat, academic, administrator, writer and politician in Japan during the middle of the Edo Period, who advised the Shogun Tokugawa Ienobu. His personal name was Kinmi or Kimiyoshi. Hakuseki was his pen name. His father was a Kururi han samurai Arai Masazumi
1684 Samuel von Schmettau a Prussian field marshal.
1693 John Harrison a self-educated English carpenter and clockmaker. He invented the marine chronometer, a long-sought after device for solving the problem of establishing the East-West position or longitude of a ship at sea, thus revolutionising and extending the possibility of safe long-distance sea travel in the Age of Sail. The problem was considered so intractable, and following the Scilly naval disaster of 1707 so important, that the British Parliament offered the Longitude prize of £20,000. Harrison came 39th in the BBC's 2002 public poll of the 100 Greatest Britons
1699 Paul Gottlieb Werlhof a German physician and poet who was a native of Helmstedt.
1725 Samuel Ashe (North Carolina) the ninth Governor of the U.S. State of North Carolina from 1795 to 1798
1725 Thomas Cushing an American lawyer, merchant, and statesman from Boston, Massachusetts. Active in Boston politics, he represented the city in the provincial assembly from 1761 to its dissolution in 1774, serving as the lower house's speaker for most of those years. Because of his role as speaker, his signature was affixed to many documents protesting British policies, leading officials in London to consider him a dangerous radical. He engaged in extended communications with Benjamin Franklin who at times lobbied on behalf of the legislature's interests in London, seeking ways to reduce the rising tensions of the American Revolution
1729 Simon Mathurin Lantara a French landscape painter.
1732 Gian Francesco de Majo an Italian composer. He is chiefly known for his more than 20 operas. He also composed a considerable amount of sacred works, including oratorios, cantatas, and masses
1733 Joseph Priestley an 18th-century English theologian, Dissenting clergyman, natural philosopher, chemist, educator, and Liberal political theorist who published over 150 works. He is usually credited with the discovery of oxygen, having isolated it in its gaseous state, although Carl Wilhelm Scheele and Antoine Lavoisier also have a claim to the discovery
1739 Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart a German poet, born at Obersontheim in Swabia.
1751 Benoît de Boigne a military adventurer from the Duchy of Savoy, who made his fortune and name in India with the Marathas. He was also named president of the general council of the French département of Mont-Blanc by Napoleon I
1755 Rufus King an American lawyer, politician, and diplomat. He was a delegate for Massachusetts to the Continental Congress. He also attended the Constitutional Convention and was one of the signers of the United States Constitution on September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He represented New York in the United States Senate, served as Minister to Britain, and was the Federalist candidate for both Vice President and President of the United States
1756 Francesca Lebrun a noted 18th-century German singer and composer.
1757 James Wilkinson an American soldier and statesman, who was associated with several scandals and controversies. He served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, but was twice compelled to resign. He was twice the Senior Officer of the U.S. Army, appointed first Governor of the Louisiana Territory in 1805, and commanded two unsuccessful campaigns in the Lawrence theater during the War of 1812. After his death, he was discovered to have been a paid agent of the Spanish Crown
1762 Marcos Portugal a Portuguese classical composer, who achieved great international fame for his operas in Italian.
1763 Sebald Justinus Brugmans a Dutch botanist and physician. He was the son of naturalist Anton Brugmans
1770 Pierre-Marie-François Baour-Lormian a French poet and writer. He wrote under the names Pierre-Marie-François Baour-Lormian, Louis-Pierre-Marie-François, Pierre-Marie-François-Louis or Pierre-Marie-Louis Baour-Lormian
1774 Jean-Louis-Auguste Loiseleur-Deslongchamps a French physician and botanist.
1775 Muthuswami Dikshitar one of the Musical Trinity of Carnatic music. His compositions, of which around 500 are commonly known, are noted for their contemplative nature and for capturing the essence of the raga forms through the vainika style that emphasises gamakas. They are typically in a slower speed. He is also known by his signature name of Guruguha which is also his mudra. His compositions are widely sung and played in classical concerts of Carnatic music
1782 Orest Kiprensky a leading Russian portraitist in the Age of Romanticism. His most familiar work is probably his portrait of Alexander Pushkin , which prompted the poet to remark that "the mirror flatters me"
1784 Matvey Ivanovich Muravyev a Russian explorer and chief manager of the Russian-American Company.
1785 Ján Hollý a Slovak poet and translator. He was the first greater Slovak poet to write exclusively in the newly standardized literary Slovak language. His predecessors mostly wrote in various regional versions of Czech, Slovakized Czech or Latin. Hollý translated Virgil's Aeneid and wrote his own epic poetry in alexandrine verse to show that the Slovak language recently standardized by Anton Bernolák was capable of expressing complex poetic forms
1794 François-Nicolas Vincent the Secretary General of the War Ministry in the First French Republic, and a significant figure in the French Revolution. A member of the Cordelier Club, he is best known as a radical sans-culottes leader and prominent member of the Hébertist faction
1796 John Corry Wilson Daly politician, businessperson, militia officer, and the first Mayor of Stratford, Ontario.
1802 Alexey Tarasovich Markov a Russian history painter, academician and Professor Emeritus at the Imperial Academy of Arts.
1803 Władysław Stanisław Zamoyski a Polish nobleman, politician, and general.
1803 Egerton Ryerson a Methodist minister, educator, politician, and public education advocate in early Ontario, Canada. He was the leading opponent of the closed oligarchy that ran the province, calling it the "Family Compact."
1808 Maria Malibran a mezzo-soprano who commonly sang both contralto and soprano parts, and was one of the most famous opera singers of the 19th century. Malibran was known for her stormy personality and dramatic intensity, becoming a legendary figure after her death at age 28. Contemporary accounts of her voice describe its range, power and flexibility as extraordinary
1808 Empress Xiaoquancheng the third official spouse and second Empress Consort of the Daoguang Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. She was the birth mother of Daoguang's successor, the Xianfeng Emperor
1809 Joseph Liouville a French mathematician.
1809 Mariano José de Larra a Spanish romantic writer best known for his numerous essays, and his infamous suicide. His works were often satirical and critical of the 19th-century Spanish society, and focused on both the politics and customs of his time
1812 Carl Dahl a Danish marine painter during the Golden Age of Danish Painting.
1819 Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs a German pathologist born in Aurich.
1820 Fanny Crosby an American mission worker, poet, lyricist, and composer. A member of the Sixth Avenue Bible Baptist Church in Brooklyn, NY, she wrote many hymns together with her pastor, Robert Lowry. She was one of the most prolific hymnists in history, writing over 8,000 hymns and gospel songs, with over 100 million copies printed. This is despite her being blind from shortly after birth. Crosby is also known for her teaching, and her rescue mission work. By the end of the 19th century, she was "a household name"
1820 Edmond Becquerel a French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics. He is credited with the discovery of the photovoltaic effect, the operating principle of the solar cell, in 1839. He is also known for his work in luminescence and phosphorescence. He was the son of Antoine César Becquerel and the father of Henri Becquerel, one of the discoverers of radioactivity
1821 Mathilde Marchesi a German mezzo-soprano, a renowned teacher of singing, and a proponent of the bel canto vocal method.
1823 Thomas Spencer Baynes a philosopher.
1826 Matilda Joslyn Gage a suffragist, a Native American activist, an abolitionist, a freethinker, and a prolific author, who was "born with a hatred of oppression".
1828 Horace Gray an American jurist who ultimately served on the United States Supreme Court. He was active in public service and a great philanthropist to the City of Boston
1829 Ignacio Zaragoza a general in the Mexican army, best known for defeating invading French forces at the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862.