Died on March 24

588 Carláen the Bishop of Armagh, Ireland from 578 to 588.
809 Harun al-Rashid the fifth Abbasid Caliph. His birth date is debated, with various sources giving dates from 763 to 766. His surname translates to "the Just", "the Upright", or "the Rightly-Guided". Al-Rashid ruled from 786 to 809, during the peak of the Islamic Golden Age. His time was marked by scientific, cultural, and religious prosperity. Islamic art and music also flourished significantly during his reign. He established the legendary library Bayt al-Hikma in Baghdad in modern-day Iraq, and during his rule Baghdad began to flourish as a center of knowledge, culture and trade. During his rule, the family of Barmakids, which played a deciding role in establishing the Abbasid Caliphate, declined gradually. In 796, he moved his court and government to Ar-Raqqah in modern-day Syria
832 Wulfred an Anglo-Saxon Archbishop of Canterbury in medieval England. Nothing is known of his life prior to 803, when he attended a church council, but he was probably a nobleman from Middlesex. He was elected archbishop in 805 and spent his time in office reforming the clergy of his cathedral. He also quarrelled with two consecutive Mercian kings – Coenwulf and Ceolwulf – over whether laymen or clergy should control monasteries. At one point, Wulfred travelled to Rome to consult with the papacy and was deposed from office for a number of years over the issue. After Coenwulf's death, relations were somewhat better with the new king Ceolwulf, but improved much more after Ceolwulf's subsequent deposition. The dispute about control of the monasteries was not fully settled until 838, after Wulfred's death. Wulfred was the first archbishop to place his portrait on the coinage he struck
1185 Emperor Antoku the 81st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1180 through 1185. During this time, the imperial family was involved in a bitter struggle between warring clans. Yoritomo, with his cousin Yoshinaka, led a force from the Minamoto clan against the Taira, who controlled the emperor. During the sea battle of Dan-no-ura in March 1185, a member of the royal household took Antoku and plunged with him into the water in the Shimonoseki Straits, drowning the child emperor rather than allowing him to be captured by the opposing forces. The conflict between the clans led to numerous legends and tales. Antoku's tomb is said to be located in a number of places around western Japan, including the island of Iwo Jima, a result of the spreading of legends about the emperor and the battle
1275 Beatrice of England a Princess of England as the daughter of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence. Her siblings were Edward I of England, Margaret, Queen of Scotland, Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Richard of England, John of England, Katherine of England, William of England, and Henry of England. She and her family were members of the Royal house of Plantagenet, which first ruled in the 12th century and was founded by Henry II of England
1284 Hugh III of Cyprus the King of Cyprus from 1267 and King of Jerusalem from 1268. He was the son of Henry of Antioch and Isabella of Cyprus, the daughter of Hugh He was a grandson of Bohemund IV of Antioch and thus a descendant of Robert Guiscard
1317 John V Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel Margrave and co-ruler of Brandenburg from 1308 until his death.
1350 Joan of Artois Countess of Foix a French noblewoman, and the wife of Gaston I de Foix, Count of Foix, Viscount of Béarn. From 1331 to 1347 she was imprisoned by her eldest son on charges of scandalous conduct, dissolution, and profligacy. Joan was the great-granddaughter of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence
1381 Catherine of Vadstena Saint Catherine of Sweden, Katarina av Vadstena, Catherine of Vadstena or Katarina Ulfsdotter has been called the patron saint of protection against abortion and miscarriage. Her father was Ulf Gudmarsson, Lord of Ulvåsa, and her mother was Saint Birgitta
1396 Walter Hilton an English Augustinian mystic.
1443 James Douglas 7th Earl of Douglas a late mediaeval Scottish magnate. He was the second son of Archibald Douglas, 3rd Earl of Douglas and Joan Moray of Bothwell and Drumsargard , after 1408
1455 Pope Nicholas V Pope from 6 March 1447 until his death in 1455. The Pontificate of Nicholas saw the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks. He is the last pope to take the name "Nicholas" upon his election
1499 Edward Stafford 2nd Earl of Wiltshire an English nobleman.
1558 Anna van Egmont a wealthy Dutch heiress who became the first wife of William the Silent, Prince of Orange.
1561 Giulio d'Este the illegitimate son of Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, the result of an affair with Isabella Arduin, a lady in the service of Ercole's wife. He is known for the conflicts he had with his half brother Ippolito d'Este, which culminated in a failed conspiracy that Giulio conducted against both Ippolito and another half brother Alfonso I d'Este, then Duke of Ferrara
1563 Hosokawa Harumoto a Japanese daimyo of the Muromachi and Sengoku periods, and the head of the Hosokawa clan. Harumoto's childhood name was Sōmei-maru. He was born to Hosokawa Sumimoto, another renowned samurai of the Muromachi era
1575 Joseph ben Ephraim Karo still authoritative for all Jews pertaining to their respective communities. To this end he is often referred to as HaMechaber and as Maran
1603 Elizabeth I of England Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, the childless Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII by second wife, Anne Boleyn, who was executed two and a half years after Elizabeth's birth. Anne's marriage to Henry VIII was annulled, and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate. Her half-brother, Edward VI, ruled until his death in 1553, bequeathing the crown to Lady Jane Grey and ignoring the claims of his two half-sisters, Elizabeth and the Roman Catholic Mary, in spite of statute law to the contrary. However, Edward's will was set aside and Mary became queen, deposing Lady Jane Grey. During Mary's reign, Elizabeth was imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels
1644 Cecilia Renata of Austria Queen of Poland as consort to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's King Władysław IV Vasa.
1654 Samuel Scheidt a German composer, organist and teacher of the early Baroque era.
1684 Pieter de Hooch a Dutch Golden Age painter famous for his genre scenes of quiet domestic scenes with a few figures. He was a contemporary of Jan Vermeer, with whom his work shares themes and style
1697 Paul-Philippe de Chaumont a French prelate. He was the second member elected to occupy seat 3 of the Académie française in 1654
1735 Georg Friedrich Kauffmann a Baroque composer and organist from southern Germany who composed primarily sacred works for the organ and voice.
1751 János Pálffy a Hungarian noble, Imperial Field marshal and Palatine of Hungary.
1771 William Shirley a British colonial administrator who was the longest-serving governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay and then Governor of the Bahamas in the 1760s. He is best known for his role in organizing the 1745 Siege of Louisbourg during King George's War, and for his role in military affairs during the French and Indian War. He spent most of his years in the colonial administration of North America working to defeat New France, but his lack of formal military training led to political difficulties and his eventual downfall
1773 Philip Stanhope 4th Earl of Chesterfield a British statesman and man of letters.
1776 John Harrison a self-educated English carpenter and clockmaker. He invented the marine chronometer, a long-sought after device for solving the problem of establishing the East-West position or longitude of a ship at sea, thus revolutionising and extending the possibility of safe long-distance sea travel in the Age of Sail. The problem was considered so intractable, and following the Scilly naval disaster of 1707 so important, that the British Parliament offered the Longitude prize of £20,000. Harrison came 39th in the BBC's 2002 public poll of the 100 Greatest Britons
1794 Jacques Hébert a French journalist, and the founder and editor of the extreme radical newspaper Le Père Duchesne during the French Revolution. His followers are usually referred to as the Hébertists or the Hébertistes; he himself is sometimes called Père Duchesne, after his newspaper
1794 Charles-Philippe Ronsin a French general of the Revolutionary Army of the First French Republic, commanding the large Parisian division of l'Armée Révolutionnaire. He was an extreme radical leader of the French Revolution, and one of the many followers of Jacques-René Hébert, known as the Hébertists
1794 Anacharsis Cloots a Prussian nobleman who was a significant figure in the French Revolution. He was nicknamed "orator of mankind", "citoyen de l’humanité" and "a personal enemy of God"
1805 Aloys I Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein from 1781 until his death. He was the third son of Franz Josef I
1810 David Collins (lieutenant governor) the first Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Van Diemens Land, founded in 1804, which in 1901 became the state of Tasmania in the Commonwealth of Australia.
1812 Johann Jakob Griesbach born at Butzbach, a small town in the state of Hesse-Darmstadt, where his father, Konrad Kaspar , was pastor. Griesbach's fame rests upon his work in New Testament criticism, in which he inaugurated a new epoch. His solution to the synoptic problem bears his name, but the Griesbach hypothesis has been modernly referred to as the Two-Gospel hypothesis
1816 John Courtenay (1738–1816) an Irish officer in the British Army who became a politician in England. He was a Member of Parliament at Westminster from 1780 to 1807, and again in 1812
1818 Humphry Repton the last great English landscape designer of the eighteenth century, often regarded as the successor to Capability Brown; he also sowed the seeds of the more intricate and eclectic styles of the 19th century. His first name is often incorrectly rendered "Humphrey"
1824 Louis Marie de La Révellière-Lépeaux a deputy to the National Convention during the French Revolution. He later served as a prominent leader of the French Directory
1825 Giovanni Domenico Perotti an Italian composer.
1826 Jakob Haibel an Austrian composer, operatic tenor and choirmaster.
1826 Mathieu de Montmorency a prominent French statesman during the French Revolution and Bourbon Restoration.
1829 Jean-Baptiste Cavaignac a French politician and statesman.
1830 Michel-Marie Pacthod a French officer during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars, who rose to the rank of General of Division in 1808. A competent and brave infantry commander, his career was much affected by an 1795 incident, while he was the military commander of Marseille, and failed to come to the aid of Napoleon Bonaparte's family, which had taken refuge in the city
1832 Princess Maria Anna of Saxony (1799–1832) a princess of Saxony. She became Grand Duchess of Tuscany by her marriage to Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
1834 Alexius Frederick Christian Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg a German prince of the House of Ascania. From 1796 until 1807 he was Reigning prince of the principality of Anhalt-Bernburg, and from 1807 until 1834 the first Duke of the Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg
1838 Thomas Attwood (composer) an English composer and organist.
1844 Bertel Thorvaldsen a Danish sculptor of international fame, who spent most of his life in Italy. Thorvaldsen was born in Copenhagen into a Danish/Icelandic family of humble means, and was accepted to the Royal Danish Academy of Art when he was eleven years old. Working part-time with his father, who was a wood carver, Thorvaldsen won many honors and medals at the academy. He was awarded a stipend to travel to Rome and continue his education
1847 Antoine Drouot one of Napoleon's generals.
1849 Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner best known for work that foreshadowed the periodic law for the chemical elements.
1852 Gavriil Ignatyev an Imperial Russian Army general of the artillery who led the defence of the Babruysk fortress and the city of Babruysk from Napoleon's forces in 1812.
1853 Domenico Foroni an Italian composer, conductor, and music educator. He was born in Valeggio sul Mincio into a family of landowners. On 7 November 1818 he married Teresa Zovetto with whom he had five children, two of whom became famous: the operatic soprano Antonietta Foroni-Conti and the composer and conductor Jacopo Foroni. In 1818 he was appointed to the dual position of director and principal conductor of the Teatro Filarmonico in Verona, a position he held for over 25 years. He was also highly active as a teacher of singing and music composition in that city. Among his notable pupils were Gottardo Aldighieri, Paolo Bombardi, Domenico Conti, Carlo Pedrotti, Alessandro Sala, Maria Spezia-Aldighieri, and his children. Most of his compositional output was sacred music, the majority of which was written for services at the Verona Cathedral. Most of his music is now lost, but copies of his Miserere and Messe still exist
1860 Ii Naosuke daimyo of Hikone and also Tairō of Tokugawa Shogunate, Japan, a position he held from April 23, 1858 until his death on March 24, 1860. He is most famous for signing the Harris Treaty with the United States, granting access to ports for trade to American merchants and seamen and extraterritoriality to American citizens. He was also an enthusiastic and accomplished practitioner of the Japanese tea ceremony, in the Sekishūryū style, and his writings include at least two works on the tea ceremony