Born on March 25

826 Al-Mubarrad an Arab grammarian. After studying grammar in that city, he was called to the court of the Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil at Samarra in 860. When the caliph was killed in 861, he went to Baghdad, remaining there most of his life as a teacher
1252 Conradin the Duke of Swabia , King of Jerusalem , and King of Sicily.
1259 Andronikos II Palaiologos Byzantine emperor from 11 December 1282 to 23/24 May 1328. He was the eldest surviving son of Michael VIII Palaiologos and Theodora Doukaina Vatatzina, grandniece of John III Doukas Vatatzes. On 8 November 1273, Andronikos II married Anne of Hungary , daughter of the king Stephen V of Hungary
1297 Arnošt of Pardubice the first Archbishop of Prague. He was also an advisor and diplomat to Emperor Charles IV
1297 Andronikos III Palaiologos Byzantine emperor from 1328 to 1341. Andronikos III was the son of Michael IX Palaiologos and Rita of Armenia. He was roclaimed co-emperor in his youth, before 1313, and in April 1321 he rebelled in opposition to his grandfather, Andronikos II Palaiologos. He was formally crowned co-emperor on February 1325, before ousting his grandfather outright and becoming sole emperor on 24 May 1328. His reign saw the last failed attempts to stem the Ottoman Turks in Bithynia and the defeat at Rusokastro against the Bulgarians, but also the successful recovery of Chios, Lesbos, Phocaea, Thessaly and Epirus. His early death left a power vacuum that resulted in the disastrous seven-year civil war between his Empress-dowager, Anna of Savoy, and his closest friend and supporter, John VI Kantakouzenos
1341 Humphrey de Bohun 7th Earl of Hereford the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere, and grandson of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford by Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, daughter of King Edward He became heir to the Earldom of Hereford after the death of his childless uncle Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford.
1345 Blanche of Lancaster a member of the English royal House of Plantagenet, daughter of the kingdom's wealthiest and most powerful peer, Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster. She was the first wife of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and the mother of King Henry IV
1347 Catherine of Siena Saint Catherine of Siena, T.O.S.D. was a tertiary of the Dominican Order and a Scholastic philosopher and theologian. She also worked to bring the papacy of Gregory XI back to Rome from its displacement in France and to establish peace among the Italian city-states. Since 18 June 1866, she is one of the two patron saints of Italy, together with Francis of Assisi. On 3 October 1970, she was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church by Pope Paul VI, and, on 1 October 1999, Pope John Paul II named her as a one of the six patron saints of Europe, together with Benedict of Nursia, Saints Cyril and Methodius, Bridget of Sweden and Edith Stein
1414 Thomas Clifford 8th Baron de Clifford the elder son of John, 7th Baron de Clifford, and Elizabeth Percy, daughter of Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Elizabeth Mortimer.
1453 Giuliano de' Medici the second son of Piero de' Medici and Lucrezia Tornabuoni. As co-ruler of Florence, with his brother Lorenzo the Magnificent, he complemented his brother's image as the "patron of the arts" with his own image as the handsome, sporting, "golden boy."
1479 Vasili III of Russia the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1505 to 1533. He was the son of Ivan III Vasiliyevich and Sophia Paleologue and was christened with the name Gavriil. He had three brothers; Yuri, born in 1480, Simeon, born in 1487 and Andrei, born in 1490, as well as five sisters: Elena , Feodosiya , another Elena , another Feodosiya and Eudoxia
1510 Guillaume Postel a French linguist, astronomer, Cabbalist, diplomat, professor, and religious universalist.
1528 Jakob Andreae a significant German Lutheran theologian, involved in the drafting of major documents.
1538 Christopher Clavius a German Jesuit mathematician and astronomer who modified the proposal of the modern Gregorian calendar after the death of its primary author, Luigi Lilio. Clavius would later write defences and an explanation of the reformed calendar, including an emphatic acknowledgement of Lilio's work. In his last years he was probably the most respected astronomer in Europe and his textbooks were used for astronomical education for over fifty years in and even out of Europe
1541 Francesco I de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany the second Grand Duke of Tuscany, ruling from 1574 until his death in 1587. He was the second grand duke of the house of Medici
1545 John II Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg a Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg.
1593 Jean de Brébeuf a French Jesuit missionary who travelled to New France in 1625. There he worked primarily with the Huron for the rest of his life, except for a time back in France from 1629 to 1633. He learned their language and culture
1611 Evliya Çelebi an Ottoman Turk who travelled through the territory of the Ottoman Empire and neighboring lands over a period of forty years, recording his commentary in a travelogue called Seyâhatnâme.
1614 Juan Carreño de Miranda a Spanish painter of the Baroque period.
1643 Louis Moréri a French priest and encyclopaedist.
1644 Heinrich von Cocceji a German jurist from Bremen. He studied in Leiden and Oxford and was appointed professor of law at Heidelberg and in Utrecht. Named Geheimrat and marquis, he became ordinary professor in the faculty of law at Frankfurt , where he later died
1646 Niels Jonsson Stromberg af Clastorp a Swedish soldier and Governor-General of Swedish Estonia from 1706 to 1709.
1661 Paul de Rapin a French historian writing under English patronage.
1699 Johann Adolph Hasse an 18th-century German composer, singer and teacher of music. Immensely popular in his time, Hasse was best known for his prolific operatic output, though he also composed a considerable quantity of sacred music. Married to soprano Faustina Bordoni and a great friend of librettist Pietro Metastasio, whose libretti he frequently set, Hasse was a pivotal figure in the development of opera seria and 18th-century music
1702 Pieter Teyler van der Hulst a wealthy Dutch Mennonite merchant and banker, who died childless, leaving a legacy of two million florins to the pursuit of religion, arts and science in his hometown, that led to the formation of Teyler's Museum. This was not the value of his entire estate. He also founded Teylers Hofje in his name, and made important donations to individuals in the Mennonite community
1716 Aleksey Antropov a Russian painter active primarily in Petersburg, where he was born and died. He also worked in Moscow and frescoed churches in Kiev. His preferred medium was oil, but he also painted miniatures and icons
1741 Jean-Antoine Houdon a French neoclassical sculptor.
1742 William Combe a British miscellaneous writer. His early life was that of an adventurer, his later was passed chiefly within the "rules" of the King's Bench Prison. He is chiefly remembered as the author of The Three Tours of Syntax, a comic poem satirising William Sawrey Gilpin. His cleverest piece of work was a series of imaginary letters, supposed to have been written by the second, or "wicked" Lord Lyttelton. Of a similar kind were his letters between Swift and "Stella". He also wrote the letterpress for various illustrated books, and was a general hack
1748 Benedict Joseph Labre a French mendicant, Franciscan tertiary and Catholic saint.
1751 Pietro Gonzaga an Italian theatre set designer who worked in Italy and, since 1792, in the Russian Empire.
1760 Yakov Lobanov-Rostovsky (1760–1831) a Russian statesman.
1762 Thomas-Alexandre Dumas a general in Revolutionary France and the highest-ranking person of color of all time in a European army. He was the first person of color in the French military to become brigadier general, the first to become divisional general, and the first to become general-in-chief of a French army. Dumas shared the status of the highest-ranking black officer in the Western world only with Toussaint Louverture until 1975, when the American Daniel "Chappie" James Jr became a four star General in the United States Air Force, the closest American equivalent of Général d'Armée, Dumas' highest rank
1766 Ludwig Harscher von Almendingen a learned German jurist.
1767 Joachim Murat Grand Duke of Berg from 1806 to 1808 and then King of Naples from 1808 to 1815. He received his titles in part by being the brother-in-law of Napoleon Bonaparte, through marriage to Napoleon's youngest sister, Caroline Bonaparte. He was noted as a daring and charismatic cavalry officer as well as a flamboyant dresser and was known as "the Dandy King"
1770 Antoine Richepanse a French revolutionary general and colonial administrator.
1774 François Marie Daudin a French zoologist.
1778 Sophie Blanchard a French aeronaut and the wife of ballooning pioneer Jean-Pierre Blanchard. Blanchard was the first woman to work as a professional balloonist, and after her husband's death she continued ballooning, making more than 60 ascents. Known throughout Europe for her ballooning exploits, Blanchard entertained Napoleon Bonaparte, who promoted her to the role of "Aeronaut of the Official Festivals", replacing André-Jacques Garnerin. On the restoration of the monarchy in 1814 she performed for Louis XVIII, who named her "Official Aeronaut of the Restoration"
1782 Caroline Bonaparte the seventh surviving child and third surviving daughter of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino, and a younger sister of Napoleon I of France.
1784 François-Joseph Fétis a Belgian musicologist, composer, critic and teacher. He was one of the most influential music critics of the 19th century, and his enormous compilation of anecdotes, biographical data, and fabrications in the Biographie universelle des musiciens remains an interesting artifact today; as much for the outcry it provoked upon publication as for the insight it provides into Fétis' mindset. His wife, Adélaïde Robert, was the daughter of the French politician Pierre-François-Joseph Robert
1786 Giovanni Battista Amici an Italian astronomer, microscopist, and botanist.
1795 Jacques Louis Randon a French military and political leader, also Marshal of France and governor of Algeria.
1797 Antonio Rosmini-Serbati an Italian Roman Catholic priest and philosopher. He founded the Rosminians, officially the Institute of Charity or Societas a charitate nuncupata
1798 Christoph Gudermann born in Vienenburg. He was the son of a school teacher and became a teacher himself after studying at the University of Göttingen, where his advisor was Karl Friedrich Gauss. He began his teaching career in Kleve and then transferred to a school in Münster
1799 Jakub Kryštof Rad a Swiss-born Czech entrepreneur who invented the sugar cubes in 1843 as a director of a sugar factory in Dačice in Moravia.
1800 Ernst Heinrich Karl von Dechen a German geologist.
1800 Nasif al-Yaziji an Ottoman author and father of Ibrahim al-Yaziji. He was one of the leading figures in the Nahda movement
1800 Alexis Paulin Paris a French scholar and author.
1807 Dominique Alexandre Godron a French physician and botanist born in the town of Hayange, in the département Moselle.
1808 José de Espronceda a Romantic Spanish poet.
1810 Francis Orpen Morris an Irish clergyman, notable as "parson-naturalist" and as the author of many children's books and books on natural history and heritage buildings. He died on 10 February 1893 and was buried at Nunburnholme, East Riding of Yorkshire, England