Died on March 26

752 Pope-elect Stephen a Roman priest elected pope in March 752 to succeed Zachary; he died of a stroke a few days later, before being ordained a bishop. In 745, Zachary had made him a cardinal presbyter, with the titulus of San Crisogono, the same titulus later held by Cardinal Frederick of Lorraine, who became Pope Stephen IX
809 Ludger a missionary among the Frisians and Saxons, founder of Werden Abbey and first Bishop of Münster in Westphalia.
903 Sugawara no Michizane a scholar, poet, and politician of the Heian Period of Japan. He is regarded as an excellent poet, particularly in Chinese poetry, and is today revered as the god of learning, Tenman-Tenjin
922 Mansur Al-Hallaj a Persian mystic, revolutionary writer and teacher of Sufism, who wrote exclusively in Arabic. He is most famous for his poetry, accusation of heresy and for his execution at the orders of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Muqtadir after a long, drawn-out investigation
931 Béatrice of Vermandois a Carolingian aristocrat, the wife of Robert I, King of France, and mother of Hugh the Great.
973 Guntram the Rich a count in Breisgau, member of the noble family of the Etichonids, and possibly the progenitor of the House of Habsburg, one of Europe's most important royal families.
983 'Adud al-Dawla king of the Buyid dynasty from 949 to 983. He is widely regarded as the greatest monarch of the dynasty, and one of the most powerful Muslim rulers during his late reign
1130 Sigurd the Crusader King of Norway from 1103 to 1130. His rule, together with his brother Eystein I of Norway , has been regarded by historians as a golden age for the medieval Kingdom of Norway. He is otherwise famous for leading the Norwegian Crusade , earning the eponym "the Crusader"
1132 Geoffrey of Vendôme a French Benedictine monk, writer and cardinal.
1212 Sancho I of Portugal the second but only surviving legitimate son and fourth child of Afonso I of Portugal by his wife, Maud of Savoy. Sancho succeeded his father in 1185. He used the title King of Silves from 1189 until he lost the territory to Almohad control in 1191
1258 Floris de Voogd "the guardian" of Holland, son of Floris IV, Count of Holland and Matilda of Brabant. He reigned temporarily for William II of Holland, King of the Romans, while the latter was engaged in Germany. After King William's death in 1256 he was guardian of Floris V, Count of Holland, son of William. He is sometimes referred to as "Florentius tutor"
1324 Marie of Luxembourg Queen of France Queen of France and Navarre as second wife of Charles the Fair. She was the daughter of Emperor Henry VII and Margaret of Brabant, and a member of the House of Luxembourg
1326 Alessandra Giliani the first woman to be recorded in historical documents as practicing anatomy.
1388 Niccolò II d'Este Marquis of Ferrara lord of Ferrara, Modena and Parma from 1361 until his death.
1402 David Stewart Duke of Rothesay prince and heir to the throne of Scotland from 1390 and the first Duke of Rothesay from 1398. He was named after his great-great-uncle, David II of Scotland, and also held the titles of Earl of Atholl and Earl of Carrick. He shares with his uncle and arch-rival, Robert Stewart, first Duke of Albany, the distinction of being first Dukes to be created in the Scottish Peerage. David never became King. His marriage to Marjorie Douglas, daughter of Archibald the Grim, the third Earl of Douglas, was without issue
1517 Heinrich Isaac a Netherlandish Renaissance composer of south Netherlandish origin. He wrote masses, motets, songs , and instrumental music. A significant contemporary of Josquin des Prez, Isaac influenced the development of music in Germany. Several variants exist of his name: Ysaac, Ysaak, Henricus, Arrigo d'Ugo, and Arrigo il Tedesco among them
1527 Giovanni di Niccolò Mansueti an Italian painter.
1535 Georg Tannstetter a humanist teaching at the University of Vienna. He was a medical doctor, mathematician, astronomer, cartographer, and the personal physician of the emperors Maximilian I and Ferdinand He also wrote under the pseudonym of "Lycoripensis". His Latin name "Collimitius" is derived from limes meaning "border" and is a reference to his birthtown: "Rain" is a German word for border or boundary
1546 Thomas Elyot an English diplomat and scholar.
1566 Antonio de Cabezón a Spanish Renaissance composer and organist. Blind from childhood, he quickly rose to prominence as performer and was eventually employed by the royal family. He was among the most important composers of his time and the first major Iberian keyboard composer
1649 John Winthrop a wealthy English Puritan lawyer and one of the leading figures in the founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first major settlement in New England after Plymouth Colony. Winthrop led the first large wave of migrants from England in 1630, and served as governor for 12 of the colony's first 20 years of existence. His writings and vision of the colony as a Puritan "city upon a hill" dominated New England colonial development, influencing the governments and religions of neighboring colonies
1657 Jacob van Eyck a Dutch nobleman and musician. He was one of the best-known musicians in the Netherlands in the seventeenth century as a carillon player, expert in bell casting and tuning, organist, recorder virtuoso, and composer. He taught the Hemony brothers how to tune a carillon
1675 Ernest I Duke of Saxe-Gotha a duke of Saxe-Gotha and Saxe-Altenburg. The duchies were later merged into Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
1679 Johannes Schefferus one of the most important Swedish humanists of his time. He was also known as Angelus and is remembered for writing hymns
1688 Winston Churchill (1620–1688) an English soldier, historian, and politician. He was the father of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, as well as an ancestor of his 20th-century namesake, Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill
1695 Jan Karol Opaliński a Polish starost and kasztelan of Poznań. He was the son of Krzysztof Opaliński and Teresa Konstancya Czarnkowska
1697 Godfrey McCulloch a Scottish politician who was executed for murder.
1713 Paul I Prince Esterházy the first Prince Esterházy of Galántha from 1687 to 1713, Palatine of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1681 to 1713, and an Imperial Field Marshal. Paul was also an accomplished poet, harpsichordist, and composer. He actively participated in various battles against the Ottoman Turks during the Fourth Austro-Turkish War and the Great Turkish War. Paul is credited with establishing the wealth, power, and influence of the Princely House of Esterházy
1726 John Vanbrugh an English architect and dramatist, perhaps best known as the designer of Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard. He wrote two argumentative and outspoken Restoration comedies, The Relapse and The Provoked Wife , which have become enduring stage favourites but originally occasioned much controversy. He was knighted in 1714
1729 Simon de la Loubère a French diplomat, writer, mathematician and poet.
1733 John Julian the first recorded black pirate to operate in the New World, as the pilot of the ship Whydah.
1737 Vakhtang VI of Kartli a Georgian monarch of the royal Bagrationi dynasty. He ruled the East Georgian Kingdom of Kartli in the time of kingdom's vassalage at the hands of Persia from 1716 to 1724. One of the most important and extraordinary statesman of the early 18th Georgia, he is known as a notable legislator, scholar, critic, translator and poet. His reign was terminated by the Ottoman invasion, which forced Vakhtang into exile to the Russian Empire. With Russia still short of reaching its Imperial zenith, Vakhtang was unable to get the tsar’s support for his kingdom and instead had to permanently stay with his northern neighbors for his own safety. On his way to a diplomatic mission sanctioned by Empress Anna, he fell ill and died in southern Russia in 1737, never reaching Georgia
1772 Charles Pinot Duclos a French author and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers.
1776 Samuel Ward (American statesman) a farmer, politician, Supreme Court Justice, Governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and a delegate to the Continental Congress. The son of an earlier Rhode Island Governor, Richard Ward, he was well educated as he grew up in a large Newport, Rhode Island family. After marrying, he and his new wife received property in Westerly, Rhode Island from his father-in-law, and upon settling there he took up farming. Entering politics as a fairly young man, he soon took sides in the hard money/paper money controversy, favoring hard money, or specie. His primary rival over the money issue was Providence politician Stephen Hopkins, and the two men became bitter rivals, alternating as governors of the colony for several terms
1780 Charles I Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel ruling as Prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1735 until his death.
1793 John Mudge an English physician and amateur creator of telescope mirrors. He won the Copley Medal in 1777 for a paper on reflecting telescopes
1796 François de Charette a French Royalist soldier, and politician. He was one of the leaders of the bloody events termed the "Revolt in the Vendée". His relative Athanase-Charles-Marie Charette de la Contrie was a noted military leader
1797 James Hutton a Scottish geologist, physician, chemical manufacturer, naturalist, and experimental agriculturalist. He originated the theory of uniformitarianism—a fundamental principle of geology—which explains the features of the Earth's crust by means of natural processes over geologic time. Hutton's work established geology as a proper science, and thus he is often referred to as the "Father of Modern Geology"
1804 Wolfgang von Kempelen an author and inventor, known for his chess-playing "automaton" hoax The Turk and for his speaking machine.
1814 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin a French physician who proposed on 10 October 1789 the use of a device to carry out death penalties in France, as a less painful method of execution. While he did not invent the guillotine, and in fact opposed the death penalty, his name became an eponym for The actual inventor of the prototype was Antoine Louis
1820 Jean-Étienne Despréaux a French ballet dancer, choreographer, composer, singer and playwright.
1822 Theodor Grotthuss a German chemist known for establishing the first theory of electrolysis in 1806 and formulating the first law of photochemistry in 1817. His theory of electrolysis is considered the first description of the so-called Grotthuss mechanism
1825 Jean Vincent Félix Lamouroux a French biologist and naturalist, noted for his seminal work with algae.
1827 Ludwig van Beethoven a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 concertos for piano, 32 piano sonatas, and 16 string quartets. He also composed other chamber music, choral works , and songs
1835 Karl Heinrich Lang a German historian and statesman.
1838 William Henry Ashley an American pioneering fur trader, entrepreneur, and politician. Though a native of Virginia, Ashley had already moved to Ste. Genevieve in what was then called Louisiana, when it was purchased by the United States from France in 1803. That land, later known as Missouri, became Ashley's home for most of his adult life. Ashley moved to Louis around 1808 and became a Brigadier General in the Missouri Militia during the War of 1812. Before the war he did some real estate speculation and earned a small fortune manufacturing gunpowder from a lode of saltpeter mined in a cave near the headwaters of Missouri's Current river. When Missouri was admitted to the Union Ashley was elected its first Lieutenant Governor, serving from 1820 to 1824 under Governor Alexander McNair. He ran for governor of Missouri in the August 1824 election, but was defeated
1839 Yuriy Venelin a Ukrainian Slavist, folklorist, ethnographer and philologist best known for his research on the language, history and culture of Bulgaria and the Bulgarian people.
1844 Agustín Argüelles a Spanish liberal politician.
1845 Aleksander Stanisław Potocki a Polish noble, landowner and politician. He was the senator-castellan of the Polish Kingdom in 1824 and chamberlain of Napoleon He was awarded Order of the White Eagle on 24 May 1829
1848 Steen Steensen Blicher an author and poet born in Vium near Viborg, Denmark.