Born on March 27

520 Malo (saint) the mid-6th century founder of Saint-Malo in Brittany, France. He is one of the seven founder saints of Brittany
972 Robert II of France King of the Franks from 996 until his death. The second reigning member of the House of Capet, he was born in Orléans to Hugh Capet and Adelaide of Aquitaine
1196 Sviatoslav III of Vladimir the Prince of Novgorod and Grand Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal.
1223 Raymond-Roger Count of Foix the fifth count of Foix from the House of Foix. He was the son and successor of Roger Bernard I and his wife Cécilia Trencavel
1306 Philip III of Navarre the second son of Louis of Évreux and Margaret of Artois and therefore a grandson of King Philip III of France. Because of this descent, he was a possible heir to the throne of France
1401 Albert III Duke of Bavaria the Pious of Bavaria-Munich , since 1438 Duke of Bavaria-Munich. He was born in Munich to Ernest, Duke of Bavaria and Elisabetta Visconti, daughter of Bernabò Visconti
1416 Antonio Squarcialupi an Italian organist and composer. He was the most famous organist in Italy in the mid-15th century
1416 Francis of Paola an Italian mendicant friar and the founder of the Roman Catholic Order of Minims. Unlike the majority of founders of men's religious orders, and like his patron saint, Francis was never ordained a priest
1509 Wolrad II Count of Waldeck the son of Philip III of Waldeck-Eisenberg and Adalheid of Hoya.
1588 Celestyn Myślenta a Polish Lutheran theologian and rector of the University of Königsberg. Celestyn was the son of Mateusz Myślenta and Eufroza née Wiercinska. His father was once employed by Duke Radziwill and belonged to the Polish nobility. As a stipendiary of the duke of Prussia he studied at University Königsberg, then became Lutheran pastor in Kuty from 1581-1599
1621 Margrave Charles Magnus of Baden-Durlach a titular Margrave of Baden.
1627 Stephen Fox an English politician.
1632 Gustav Adolph Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken Count of Saarbrücken and Major General at the Rhine of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation.
1663 Johann Andreas Eisenbarth a German surgeon who was a native of Oberviechtach, Bavaria.
1676 Francis II Rákóczi a Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburgs in 1703-11 as the prince of the Estates Confederated for Liberty of the Kingdom of Hungary. He was also Prince of Transylvania, an Imperial Prince, and a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Today he is considered a national hero in Hungary
1681 Joaquín Fernández de Portocarrero a Grandee of Spain who served Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor as Viceroy of Sicily and interim Viceroy of Naples, before entering the priesthood in his late forties and rising to the rank of cardinal, ending his life as Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina.
1702 Johann Ernst Eberlin a German composer and organist whose works bridge the baroque and classical eras. He was a prolific composer, chiefly of church organ and choral music. Marpurg claims he wrote as much and as rapidly as Alessandro Scarlatti and Georg Philipp Telemann, a claim also repeated by Leopold Mozart - though ultimately Eberlin did not live to the great age of those two composers
1709 William Flackton an 18th-century bookseller, publisher, amateur organist, viola player and composer. He is perhaps best known today for his compositions for the viola
1712 Claude Bourgelat a French veterinary surgeon.
1714 Francesco Antonio Zaccaria an Italian theologian, historian, and prolific writer.
1723 James Madison Sr. a prominent Virginia planter, who served as a colonel in the militia during the American Revolutionary War. He inherited Mount Pleasant, later known as Montpelier, a large tobacco plantation in Orange County, Virginia and, with the acquisition of more property, had 5,000 acres and became the largest landowner in the county. He was father to U.S. President James Madison, who inherited what he called Montpelier
1724 Jane Colden an American botanist,:53-4 described as the "first botanist of her sex in her country" by Asa Gray in 1843. Although not acknowledged in botanical publications, she wrote a number of letters resulting in botanist John Ellis writing to Carl Linnaeus of her work applying the Linnaean system of plant identification to American flora, "she deserves to be celebrated".:54 Contemporary scholarship maintains that she was the first female botanist working in America. She was regarded as a respected botanist by many prominent botanists such as: John Bartram, Peter Collinson, Alexander Garden, and Carolus Linnaeus. Colden is most famous for her manuscript which remains titleless, in which she describes the flora of the New York area, and draws ink drawings of 340 different species of them
1730 Thomas Tyrwhitt an English classical scholar and critic.
1745 Lindley Murray an American grammarian.
1746 Michael Bruce (poet) a Scottish poet and hymnist.
1746 Carlo Buonaparte a Corsican lawyer and politician who briefly served as a personal assistant of the revolutionary leader Pasquale Paoli and eventually rose to become Corsica's representative to the court of Louis XVI. After his death, his son Napoleon became Emperor of the French, and several of his other children received royal titles from their brother
1746 Samuel Hulse a British Army officer. He saw his first active duty during the Gordon Riots in June 1780 before commanding the 1st Battalion of the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards at key battles of the Flanders Campaign during the French Revolutionary Wars. He also commanded the 1st Guards Brigade at a later battle and then joined the retreat into Germany during the closing stages of the Flanders Campaign. He later took part in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland and then returned to England to become General Officer Commanding South East District. After completing active service in the Army, he served in the household of King George IV
1760 Ishmail Spicer a publisher in Baltimore, a teacher, and one of the first American composers.
1760 Auguste Vestris a French dancer.
1761 James Sykes (governor) an American physician and politician from Dover, in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as Governor of Delaware
1765 Franz Xaver von Baader a German Roman Catholic philosopher and theologian.
1767 Charles Didelot a French dancer and choreographer. The son of Charles Didelot, the dance master of the King of Sweden, he studied dance with his father, who was an instructor in dance at the Swedish Opera, and debuted as dancer in the theatre of Bollhuset in Stockholm 1786
1770 Sophie Mereau a writer of the German romantic school. Her maiden name was Schubart, but she did most of her work under the married name of Mereau. She also later married a second time, to writer Clemens Brentano, and took her husband's surname as her own
1776 Charles-François Brisseau de Mirbel a French botanist and politician. He was a founder of the science of plant cytology
1781 Alexander Vostokov one of the first Russian philologists.
1784 Sándor Kőrösi Csoma a Hungarian philologist and Orientalist, author of the first Tibetan-English dictionary and grammar book. He was called Phyi-glin-gi-grwa-pa in Tibetan, meaning "the foreign pupil" and was given the title of Bosatsu or Boddhisatva by the Japanese in 1933. He was born in Kőrös, Grand Principality of Transylvania. His birth date is often given as 4 April, although this is actually his baptism day and the year of his birth is debated by some authors who put it at 1787 or 1788 rather than 1784. The Magyar ethnic group, the Székelys, to which he belonged believed that they were derived from a branch of Attila's Huns who had settled in Transylvania in the fifth century. Hoping to study the claim and to find the place of origin of the Székelys and the Magyars by studying language kinship, he set off to Asia in 1820 and spent his lifetime studying the Tibetan language and Buddhist philosophy. Csoma de Kőrös is considered as the founder of Tibetology. He was said to have been able to read in seventeen languages. He died in Darjeeling while attempting to make a trip to Lhasa in 1842 and a memorial was erected in his honour by the Asiatic Society of Bengal
1785 Louis XVII of France the younger son of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette. As the son of the king, he was a Fils de France. His older brother, Louis Joseph, died in June 1789, just a few weeks before the start of the French Revolution
1785 Sir Oswald Mosley 2nd Baronet of Ancoats a British politician and writer.
1791 Reuben Uther a noted Australian merchant and manufacturer. Born in England, Uther began his career in seal skins before emigrating to Sydney in 1807 where he founded a hat making industry, a region of industry that he subsequently monopolised. He was a signatory to the petition to Major George Johnston calling for the deposing of the Governor of New South Wales, William Bligh, having only lived in the country for one year
1797 Alfred de Vigny a French poet, playwright, and novelist.
1799 Alessandro Ferrero La Marmora best remembered for founding the military unit known as the Bersaglieri. His brother was Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
1801 Alexander Barrow a lawyer and United States Senator from Louisiana. He was a member of the Whig Party. He was the half-brother of Washington Barrow, the son of his father and his second wife
1802 Charles-Mathias Simons a Luxembourgian politician and jurist. He was the third Prime Minister of Luxembourg, serving for seven years, from 1853 until 1860
1802 Félix-Jacques Moulin a French photographer.
1804 Giacomo Panizza conductor at La Scala, Milan for 13 years, during which time, he composed two operas and thirteen ballets.
1807 James P. Kirkwood a 19th-century American civil engineer, and general superintendent of the Erie Railroad in the year 1849-1850. He left the Erie to go to the southwest to construct railroads, and he made the first survey for the Pacific Railroad west from the Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains. Late 1860s he served as President of the American Society of Civil Engineers
1809 Jean-Louis Beaudry a Canadian entrepreneur and politician. Beaudry served as mayor of Montreal three times, from 1862 to 1866, from 1877 to 1879, and from 1881 to 1885 for a total time served as mayor of ten years
1809 Georges-Eugène Haussmann the Prefect of the Seine Department in France, who was chosen by the Emperor Napoleon III to carry out a massive program of new boulevards, parks and public works in Paris, commonly called Haussmann's renovation of Paris. Critics forced his resignation for extravagance, but his vision of the city still dominates Central Paris
1810 Adolf Glassbrenner a German humorist and satirist, born in Berlin.
1810 William Hepworth Thompson an English classical scholar and Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.