Died on March 28

193 Pertinax Roman Emperor for three months in 193. He is known as the first emperor of the tumultuous Year of the Five Emperors. A high-ranking military and Senatorial figure, he tried to restore discipline in the Praetorian Guards, whereupon they rebelled and killed him. Upon his death he was succeeded by Didius Julianus, whose reign was similarly short
965 Arnulf I Count of Flanders now northwestern Belgium and southwestern Netherlands.
1072 Ordulf Duke of Saxony the duke of Saxony from 1059, when he succeeded his father Bernard II, until his death. He was a member of the Billung family
1134 Stephen Harding O.Cist. was an English-born monk and abbot, who was one of the founders of the Cistercian Order in what is now France. He is honored as a saint
1239 Emperor Go-Toba the 82nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1183 through 1198
1241 Valdemar II of Denmark the King of Denmark from 1202 until his death in 1241. The nickname Sejr is a later invention and was not used during the King's own lifetime. Sejr means victory in Danish
1254 William de Ferrers 5th Earl of Derby an English nobleman and head of a family which controlled a large part of Derbyshire including an area known as Duffield Frith.
1285 Pope Martin IV Pope from 21 February 1281 to his death in 1285.
1461 John Clifford 9th Baron de Clifford a Lancastrian military leader during the Wars of the Roses. For a time he was one of the strongest supporters of King Henry VI's Queen, Margaret of Anjou
1482 Lucrezia Tornabuoni a daughter of Francesco di Simone Tornabuoni and Nanna di Niccolo di Luigi Guicciardini. Her brother was Giovanni Tornabuoni
1552 Guru Angad the second of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was born in the village of Sarae Naga in Muktsar District in Punjab on 31 March 1504. The name Lehna was given shortly after his birth as was the custom of his Hindu parents. He was the son of a small but successful trader named Pheru Mal. His mother's name was Mata Ramo. Baba Narayan Das Trehan was the Guru's Grandfather, whose ancestral house was at Matte-di-Sarai near Muktsar
1559 Wen Zhengming a leading Ming dynasty painter, calligrapher, and scholar.
1563 Heinrich Glarean a Swiss music theorist, poet and humanist. He was born in Mollis and died in Freiburg
1566 Sigismund von Herberstein a Carniolan diplomat, writer, historian and member of the Holy Roman Empire Imperial Council. He was most noted for his extensive writing on the geography, history and customs of Russia and contributed greatly to early Western European knowledge of that area
1583 Magnus Duke of Holstein a Prince of Denmark and a member of the House of Oldenburg. As a vassal of Ivan IV of Russia, he was the titular King of Livonia from 1570 to 1578
1584 Ivan the Terrible the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and Tsar of All the Russias from 1547 until his death. His long reign saw the conquest of the Khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and Siberia, transforming Russia into a multiethnic and multiconfessional state spanning almost one billion acres, approximately 4,046,856 km2. Ivan managed countless changes in the progression from a medieval state to an empire and emerging regional power, and became the first ruler to be crowned as Tsar of All the Russians
1621 Ottavio Rinuccini an Italian poet, courtier, and opera librettist at the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras. In collaborating with Jacopo Peri to produce the first opera, Dafne, in 1597, he became the first opera librettist
1631 Juan van der Hamen a Spanish painter, a master of the still life paintings, also called bodegones. During his lifetime, he was prolific and versatile, painting allegories, landscapes, and large-scale works for churches and convents. However, today he is remembered mostly for his still lifes. In the 1620s, He popularized still life painting in Madrid
1638 Marie Touchet the only mistress of Charles IX of France.
1655 Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg a German princess and queen consort of Sweden.
1687 Constantijn Huygens a Dutch Golden Age poet and composer. He was secretary to two Princes of Orange: Frederick Henry and William II, and the father of the scientist Christiaan Huygens
1690 Emmanuel Tzanes a Greek Renaissance painter.
1701 Domenico Guidi a prominent Italian Baroque sculptor.
1735 Johann Reinhard III Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg the last of the counts of Hanau-Lichtenberg. He reigned from 1680 to 1736. From 1712 to 1736, he also reigned the county of Hanau-Münzenberg
1743 Karl Friedrich Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
1757 Robert-François Damiens a French domestic servant whose attempted assassination of King Louis XV of France in 1757 culminated in his notorious and controversial public execution. He was the last person to be executed in France by drawing and quartering, the traditional and gruesome form of death penalty used for regicides
1783 Jacob Hochbrucker an eighteenth-century luthier and musician credited with the invention of the single-action pedal harp popularized in Europe between 1729 and 1750 by his descendants, and particularly by the Dauphine, Marie Antoinette, who performed on it after her arrival in Paris in 1770.
1794 Marquis de Condorcet a French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist whose Condorcet method in voting tally selects the candidate who would beat each of the other candidates in a run-off election. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he advocated a liberal economy, free and equal public education, constitutionalism, and equal rights for women and people of all races. His ideas and writings were said to embody the ideals of the Age of Enlightenment and rationalism, and remain influential to this day. He died a mysterious death in prison after a period of flight from French Revolutionary authorities
1801 Ralph Abercromby a Scottish soldier and politician. He rose to the rank of lieutenant-general in the British Army, was noted for his services during the Napoleonic Wars, and served as Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
1818 Andreas Samuel Krebs a Danish-Norwegian army officer.
1818 Antonio Capuzzi an Italian violinist and composer.
1823 Grigory Ugryumov a Russian portrait and history painter in the Classical style.
1828 William Thornton a British-American physician, inventor, painter and architect who designed the United States Capitol, an authentic polymath. He also served as the first Architect of the Capitol and first Superintendent of the United States Patent Office
1830 Stephen Elliott (botanist) today remembered for having written one of the most important works in American botany, A Sketch of the Botany of South-Carolina and Georgia.
1831 Michał Hieronim Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble, and Knight of the Order of the White Eagle.
1835 Auguste de Beauharnais the first prince consort of Maria II of Portugal. He was also Duke of Leuchtenberg, Prince of Eichstätt, and Duke of Santa Cruz in his own right
1839 Pieter van Os a Dutch painter and engraver and a member of the renowned Van Os family of artists.
1840 Simon Antoine Jean L'Huilier a Swiss mathematician of French Hugenot descent. He is known for his work in mathematical analysis and topology, and in particular the generalization of Euler's formula for planar graphs
1849 Stephan Endlicher an Austrian botanist, numismatist and Sinologist. He was a director of the Botanical Garden of Vienna. He was born in Pressburg and died in Vienna
1850 Gerard Brandon an American political leader who twice served as Governor of Mississippi during its early years of statehood.
1864 Princess Charlotte of Denmark born in Christiansborg Palace to Hereditary Prince Frederick of Denmark and Norway and Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
1865 Petrus Hofman Peerlkamp a Dutch classical scholar and critic, descended from a family of French refugees named Perlechamp, was born at Groningen.
1866 Solomon Foot a United States Senator from Vermont.
1868 James Brudenell 7th Earl of Cardigan an officer in the British Army who commanded the Light Brigade during the Crimean War. He led the Charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava
1870 George Henry Thomas a United States Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War, one of the principal commanders in the Western Theater.
1871 Johan Vilhelm Gertner a Danish painter, best known for his portraiture. One of the last students of Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg, who was known as the father of the Golden Age of Danish Painting, Gertner belonged to the tail end of the Golden Age, a period during which Danish art moved towards a more realistic style, relying on inspiration both from French Realism and emerging photographic techniques
1874 Peter Andreas Hansen a German astronomer.
1876 Joseph Böhm a violinist and a director of the Vienna Conservatory.
1877 Kalulu an African personal servant and adopted child of the explorer and journalist Henry Morton Stanley. Kalulu died young but in his short life he visited Europe, America and the Seychelles. He had a book dedicated to him, a model in Madame Tussauds, and was a guest at Livingstone's funeral
1881 Modest Mussorgsky a Russian composer, one of the group known as "The Five". He was an innovator of Russian music in the romantic period. He strove to achieve a uniquely Russian musical identity, often in deliberate defiance of the established conventions of Western music