March 29 events in history

502 King Gundobad issues a new legal code (Lex Burgundionum) at Lyon that makes Gallo-Romans and Burgundians subject to the same laws
1430 The Ottoman Empire under Murad II captures the Byzantine city of Thessalonica
1461 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton – Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England
1500 Cesare Borgia is given the title of Captain General and Gonfalonier by his father Rodrigo Borgia after returning from his conquests in the Romagna
1549 The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded
1632 Treaty of Saint-Germain is signed returning Quebec to French control after the English had seized it in 1629
1638 Swedish colonists establish the first European settlement in Delaware, naming it New Sweden
1683 Yaoya Oshichi, 15-year-old Japanese girl, burnt at the stake for an act of arson committed due to unrequited love
1792 King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm's Royal Opera 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf
1806 Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway
1809 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden
1831 Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniaks rebel against Turkey
1847 Mexican–American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege
1849 The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab
1857 Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry mutinies against the East India Company's rule in India and inspires the protracted Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny
1865 American Civil War: Federal forces under Major General Philip Sheridan move to flank Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee as the Appomattox Campaign begins
1867 Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the British North America Act which establishes the Dominion of Canada on July 1
1871 The Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria
1879 Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus
1882 The Knights of Columbus are established
1886 Dr. John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta, Georgia
1911 The M1911 .45 ACP pistol becomes the official U.S. Army side arm
1930 Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler
1936 In Germany, Adolf Hitler receives 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany's illegal reoccupation of the Rhineland, receiving 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters
1941 The North American Radio Broadcasting Agreement goes into effect at 03:00 local time
1941 World War II: British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces defeat those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesian coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan
1942 The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II is the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city
1945 World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England
1945 World War II: The German 4th Army is almost destroyed by the Soviet Red Army
1946 Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México, one of Mexico's leading universities, is founded
1947 Malagasy Uprising against French colonial rule in Madagascar
1951 Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage
1957 The New York, Ontario and Western Railway makes its final run, the first major U.S. railroad to be abandoned in its entirety
1961 The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, D.C., to vote in presidential elections
1962 Arturo Frondizi, the president of Argentina, is overthrown in a military coup by Argentina's armed forces, ending an 11½ day constitutional crisis
1971 My Lai massacre: Lieutenant William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison
1971 A Los Angeles, California jury recommends the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers
1973 Vietnam War: The last United States combat soldiers leave South Vietnam
1973 Operation Barrel Roll, a covert US bombing campaign in Laos to stop communist infiltration of South Vietnam, ends
1974 NASA's Mariner 10 becomes the first spaceprobe to fly by Mercury
1974 Local farmers in Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China, discover the Terracotta Army that was buried with Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China, in the third century BCE
1982 The Canada Act 1982 (U.K.) receives the Royal Assent from Queen Elizabeth II, setting the stage for the Queen of Canada to proclaim the Constitution Act, 1982
1984 The Baltimore Colts load its possessions onto fifteen Mayflower moving trucks in the early morning hours and transfer its operations to Indianapolis
1990 The Czechoslovak parliament is unable to reach an agreement on what to call the country after the fall of Communism, sparking the so-called Hyphen War
1993 Catherine Callbeck becomes premier of Prince Edward Island and the first woman to be elected in a general election as premier of a Canadian province
1999 The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the 10,000 mark (10,006.78) for the first time, during the height of the internet boom
1999 A magnitude 6.8 earthquake strikes the Chamoli district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, killing 103
2002 In reaction to the Passover massacre two days prior, Israel launches Operation Defensive Shield against Palestinian militants, its largest military operation in the West Bank since the 1967 Six-Day War
2004 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members
2004 The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants