Born on March 3

1333 Frederick V Burgrave of Nuremberg a Burgrave of Nuremberg, of the House of Hohenzollern.
1455 John II of Portugal the king of Portugal and the Algarves in 1477/1481–1495.
1500 Reginald Pole an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the last Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury, holding the office during the Counter Reformation.
1520 Matthias Flacius a Lutheran reformer from Istria, present day Croatia.
1567 Jacob van Heemskerk a Dutch explorer and later admiral commanding the Dutch fleet at the Battle of Gibraltar.
1583 Edward Herbert 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury an Anglo-Welsh soldier, diplomat, historian, poet and religious philosopher of the Kingdom of England.
1589 Gisbertus Voetius a Dutch Calvinist theologian.
1591 Lucas de Wael a Flemish painter, engraver and merchant. He was born in Antwerp and worked for some time in Genoa in Italy before returning to Antwerp, where he died
1600 George Ghica Prince of Moldavia in 1658–1659 and Prince of Wallachia in 1659–1660.
1606 Edmund Waller an English poet and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1624 and 1679.
1606 William Davenant an English poet and playwright. Along with Thomas Killigrew, Davenant was one of the rare figures in English Renaissance theatre whose career spanned both the Caroline and Restoration eras and who was active both before and after the English Civil War and during the Interregnum
1631 Esaias Boursse a Dutch painter. His paintings were mainly genre works
1649 John Floyer (physician) an English physician and author.
1652 Thomas Otway an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for Venice Preserv'd, or A Plot Discover'd.
1667 Jacob Heinrich von Flemming a Saxon count, military officer and politician. He was born in Hoff, Prussian Province of Pomerania to a noble family. He completed his law studies in 1688, after which he entered service with Brandenburg. He attained the rank of general in 1705 and Generalfeldmarschall in 1711
1700 Charles-Joseph Natoire a French painter in the Rococo manner, a pupil of François Lemoyne and director of the French Academy in Rome, 1751-1775. Considered during his lifetime the equal of François Boucher, he played a prominent role in the artistic life of France
1709 Andreas Sigismund Marggraf a German chemist from Berlin, then capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, and a pioneer of analytical chemistry. He isolated zinc in 1746 by heating calamine and carbon. Though he was not the first to do so, Marggraf is credited with carefully describing the process and establishing its basic theory. In 1747, Marggraf announced his discovery of sugar in beets and devised a method using alcohol to extract His student Franz Achard later devised an economical industrial method to extract the sugar in its pure form
1727 Christen Friis Rottbøll a Danish physician and botanist and pupil of Carolus Linnaeus.
1746 Izabela Czartoryska a Polish aristocrat, writer, art collector, and founder of Poland's first museum, the Czartoryski Museum in Kraków.
1751 Pierre Prévost a Genevan philosopher and physicist. In 1791 he showed that all bodies radiate heat, no matter how hot or cold they are
1756 William Godwin an English journalist, political philosopher and novelist. He is considered one of the first exponents of utilitarianism, and the first modern proponent of anarchism. Godwin is most famous for two books that he published within the space of a year: An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice, an attack on political institutions, and Things as They Are; or, The Adventures of Caleb Williams, which attacks aristocratic privilege, but also is the first mystery novel. Based on the success of both, Godwin featured prominently in the radical circles of London in the 1790s. In the ensuing conservative reaction to British radicalism, Godwin was attacked, in part because of his marriage to the pioneering feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft in 1797 and his candid biography of her after her death; their daughter, Mary Godwin would go on to write Frankenstein and marry the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. Godwin wrote prolifically in the genres of novels, history and demography throughout his lifetime. With his second wife, Mary Jane Clairmont, he wrote children's primers on Biblical and classical history, which he published along with such works as Charles and Mary Lamb's Tales from Shakespeare. Using the pseudonym Edward Baldwin, he wrote a variety of books for children, including a version of Jack and the Beanstalk. He also has had considerable influence on British literature and literary culture
1756 Mlle Raucourt a French actress. She was born in Nancy as the daughter of an actor, who took her to Spain. There she played in tragedy at the age of twelve. By 1770 she was back in France at Rouen, and her success as Euphmie in Belloy's Gaston et Bayard caused her to be called to the Comédie Française, where, in 1772, she made her debut as Dido. She played all the classical tragedy parts to crowded houses, until the scandals of her private life and her extravagance ended her popularity
1756 David Collins (lieutenant governor) the first Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Van Diemens Land, founded in 1804, which in 1901 became the state of Tasmania in the Commonwealth of Australia.
1778 Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz the consort of Ernest Augustus I of Hanover, the fifth son and eighth child of George III and Queen Charlotte.
1779 Matthäus Casimir von Collin a leading poet in the Vienna of his time. Some of his works have been set to music by Schubert, such as Der Zwerg , Wehmut and Nacht und Träume
1786 Alfred Wojciech Potocki a Polish nobleman , landowner, political and economic activist.
1790 John Austin (legal philosopher) a noted British jurist and published extensively concerning the philosophy of law and jurisprudence.
1793 William Macready an English actor.
1795 Edward Douglass White Sr. the tenth Governor of Louisiana and a member of the United States House of Representatives. He served five nonconsecutive terms in Congress as an adherent of Henry Clay of Kentucky and the Whig Party
1796 Karl Ullmann a German Calvinist theologian from the Electoral Palatinate.
1797 Gotthilf Hagen a German physicist and hydraulic engineer.
1800 Heinrich Georg Bronn a German geologist and paleontologist.
1802 Adolphe Nourrit a French operatic tenor, librettist, and composer. One of the most esteemed opera singers of the 1820s and 1830s, he was particularly associated with the works of Gioachino Rossini
1803 Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps a French painter.
1804 Jacques-Victor Henry the heir apparent to the throne of the Kingdom of Haiti.
1805 Jonas Furrer a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council. He was affiliated to the Radical Party
1806 Anders Gustaf Dahlbom a Swedish entomologist.
1806 Emil Adolf Rossmässler a German biologist.
1807 Charles François Antoine Morren a Belgian botanist and horticulturist, and Director of the Jardin botanique de l’Université de Liège.
1808 James Hope (Royal Navy officer) a Royal Navy officer.
1812 Alexandre Dubuque a 19th-century Russian pianist, composer and teacher of French descent.
1816 William James Blacklock an English landscape painter, painting scenery in Cumbria, the Lake District and the Scottish Borders.
1819 Gustave de Molinari a political economist and classical liberal theorist born in Belgium associated with French laissez-faire economists such as Frédéric Bastiat and Hippolyte Castille. Living in Paris, in the 1840s, he took part in the Ligue pour la Liberté des Échanges , animated by Frédéric Bastiat. On his death bed in 1850, Bastiat described Molinari as the continuator of his works. In 1849, shortly after the revolutions of the previous year, Molinari published two works: an essay, "The Production of Security", and a book, Les Soirées de la Rue Saint-Lazare, describing how a market in justice and protection could advantageously replace the state
1822 Eduard Ender an Austrian painter. He is the son of Johann Ender and is noted alike for his historical and genre works, among which are Francis I in the Studio of Cellini; Shakespeare Reading “Macbeth” before the Court of Elizabeth; La Corbeille de Mariage; and A Game of Chess
1822 Bernhard Hammer a Swiss politician.
1823 Gyula Andrássy a Hungarian statesman, who served as Prime Minister of Hungary and subsequently as Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary. A conservative, his foreign policies looked to expanding the Empire into Southeast Europe, preferably with British and German support, and without alienating Turkey. He saw Russia as the main adversary, because of its own expansionist policies toward Slavic and Orthodox areas. He distrusted Slavic nationalist movements as a threat to his multi-ethnic empire
1825 Shiranui Kōemon a sumo wrestler from Kikuchi, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 11th yokozuna
1826 Joseph Wharton an American industrialist. He was involved in mining, manufacturing and education. He founded the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, co-founded the Bethlehem Steel company, and was one of the founders of Swarthmore College
1829 Carl Heinrich von Siemens a German entrepreneur, a child of a tenant farmer. He is a brother of Ernst Werner von Siemens and William Siemens, sons of Christian Ferdinand Siemens and wife Eleonore Deichmann. They had two more brothers, Hans Siemens and Friedrich August Siemens , married and father to Friedrich Carl Siemens , married on May 22, 1920 in Berlin to Melanie Bertha Gräfin Yorck von Wartenburg the parents of Heinrich Werner Andreas Siemens born September 28, 1921, Annabel Siemens , Daniela Siemens and Peter Siemens
1829 Heinrich Dernburg a German jurist, professor, and politician. Born in Mainz, Grand Duchy of Hesse, he was the brother of Friedrich Dernburg