Died on March 31

32 Titus Pomponius Atticus born Titus Pomponius , came from an old but not strictly noble Roman family of the equestrian class and the Gens Pomponia. He was a celebrated editor, banker, and patron of letters with residences in both Rome and Athens. He is best remembered as the closest friend of orator and philosopher Marcus Tullius Cicero as well leading contemporaries of upper class Roman society. Cicero's treatise on friendship, De Amicitia was dedicated to him. Their correspondence, often written in subtle code to disguise their political observations, is preserved in Epistulae ad Atticum compiled by Cicero's freedman and personal secretary, Marcus Tullius Tiro. Atticus was known for his elegant taste, sound judgment and financial acumen
1295 Robert de Brus 5th Lord of Annandale a feudal lord, Justice and Constable of Scotland and England, a Regent of Scotland, and a competitor for the Scottish throne in 1290/92 in the Great Cause. His grandson Robert the Bruce eventually became King of Scots
1340 Ivan I of Moscow Prince of Moscow from 1325 and Grand Prince of Vladimir from 1328.
1462 Isidore II of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1456 to 1462.
1525 René of Savoy a French nobleman and soldier. He was count of Villars and of Tende. Known as "the Great Bastard of Savoy", he was the illegitimate son of Philip II, Duke of Savoy and Libera Portoneri - this made him the originator of the Savoie-Villars branch of the House of Savoy
1546 Alfonso d'Avalos a condottiero of Spanish-Italian origin.
1547 Francis I of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1515 until his death. He was the son of Charles, Count of Angoulême, and Louise of Savoy. He succeeded his cousin and father-in-law Louis XII, who died without a male heir
1567 Philip I Landgrave of Hesse a leading champion of the Protestant Reformation and one of the most important of the early Protestant rulers in Germany.
1616 John Adolf Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.
1621 Philip III of Spain King of Spain and Portugal.
1631 John Donne an English poet and a cleric in the Church of England. He is considered the pre-eminent representative of the metaphysical poets. His works are noted for their strong, sensual style and include sonnets, love poems, religious poems, Latin translations, epigrams, elegies, songs, satires and sermons. His poetry is noted for its vibrancy of language and inventiveness of metaphor, especially compared to that of his contemporaries. Donne's style is characterised by abrupt openings and various paradoxes, ironies and dislocations. These features, along with his frequent dramatic or everyday speech rhythms, his tense syntax and his tough eloquence, were both a reaction against the smoothness of conventional Elizabethan poetry and an adaptation into English of European baroque and mannerist techniques. His early career was marked by poetry that bore immense knowledge of English society and he met that knowledge with sharp criticism. Another important theme in Donne's poetry is the idea of true religion, something that he spent much time considering and about which he often theorized. He wrote secular poems as well as erotic and love poems. He is particularly famous for his mastery of metaphysical conceits
1671 Anne Hyde Duchess of York and of Albany as the first wife of the future King James II of England. Originally Anglican, her father was a lawyer. Anne married James in 1660 after she became pregnant by him, but James is said to have promised to marry her in 1659. The two first met in the Netherlands while Anne was living in the household of James' sister Mary. James and Anne had eight children, but six died in early childhood. The two who survived to adulthood were Lady Mary, who succeeded her father after his deposition during the Glorious Revolution of 1688 and Lady Anne, who succeeded her brother-in-law and became the first monarch of Great Britain
1703 Johann Christoph Bach a German composer and organist of the Baroque period. He was born at Arnstadt, the son of Heinrich Bach, Johann Sebastian Bach's great uncle, hence he was Johann Sebastian's first cousin once removed. He was also the uncle of Maria Barbara Bach, J.S. Bach's first wife. He is not to be confused with Johann Sebastian Bach's son, Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach
1722 Eberhard von Danckelmann a German official who served as Prime Minister of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1692-97.
1723 Edward Hyde 3rd Earl of Clarendon perhaps best known for the claims of his cross-dressing while in office.
1724 Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst a member of the Albertine branch of the House of Wettin, and a princess of Saxe-Weissenfels and Querfurt by birth and by marriage Duchess of Anhalt-Zerbst.
1741 Pieter Burman the Elder a Dutch classical scholar.
1744 Antiochus Kantemir a Moldavian-born Russian Enlightenment man of letters and diplomat.
1750 Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau a princess of Anhalt-Dessau from the House of Ascania by birth and Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt by marriage. From 1729 until her death she was Abbess of Herford Abbey
1751 Frederick Prince of Wales heir apparent to the British throne from 1727 until his death. He was the eldest but estranged son of King George II and Caroline of Ansbach, as well as the father of King George III
1763 Marco Foscarini a Venetian poet,writer and statesman who served as the 117th Doge of Venice from May 31, 1762 until his death. He studied in his youth in Bologna, and was active as a diplomat, serving as ambassador to Rome and Turin; he also served as the Procurator of Mark for a time. He was succeeded as Doge by Alvise Giovanni Mocenigo. Liceo classico Marco Foscarini,Venice,was named after him to honour his "History of Venetian literature"
1765 Anna Constantia von Brockdorff a German noblewoman and mistress of Augustus the Strong, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony. Eventually he turned against her and exiled her to Saxony, where she died after 49 years of imprisonment
1778 Konstanty Ludwik Plater Castellan of Troki from 1770, voivode of Mstislavl from 1758 to 1770, Castellan of Polotsk from 1754 to 1758, the great Lithuanian Magnus Scriptor from 1746 to 1754, Maréchal of the Lithuanian Tribunal in 1754, and Starosta of Livonia and Dyneburg. In 1754, he was awarded with the Order of White Eagle, Knight of the Order of Saint Stanislaus, and the Russian Order of Alexander Nevsky. Married to Countess Augustina Oginska on 16 Aug 1744
1785 Antoni Tyzenhaus a noble from the Tyzenhaus family, son of Benedykt Tyzenhaus. As a personal friend of Stanisław August Poniatowski, the last King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Tyzenhaus became Treasurer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and administrator of royal estates. He began to implement various agricultural reforms and pioneered industrialization in an effort to increase productivity and economic power of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. At first he was successful and managed to gain considerable political influence; he was considered to be the second man after the King. However, the efforts were based on the old system of serfdom and failed. Eventually, amidst increasing political rivalry with other nobles and mounting debts, Tyzenhaus was accused of fraud and removed from public offices in 1780
1797 Olaudah Equiano a prominent African in London, a freed slave who supported the British movement to end the slave trade. His autobiography, published in 1789 and attracting wide attention, was considered highly influential in gaining passage of the Slave Trade Act 1807, which ended the African trade for Britain and its colonies
1797 Betty Washington Lewis the younger sister of George Washington and the only sister to live to adulthood. She was the first daughter of Augustine Washington and Mary Ball Washington. She is considered a "founding mother" of America
1814 Pierre Sonnerat a French naturalist and explorer.
1816 Jean-François Ducis a French dramatist and adapter of Shakespeare.
1825 Vasyl Gogol-Yanovsky the father of the writer Nikolai Gogol. The landlord of the village of Vasylivka, , Poltava oblast and descendent of Ukrainian noble families of Hohol and Lyzohub
1828 Princess Ida of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym a princess of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym by birth as a daughter of Victor II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym. As the wife of Hereditary Prince Paul Frederick Augustus of Oldenburg she became an Hereditary Princess of Oldenburg by marriage
1832 Antoni Brodowski a Polish Neo-classicist painter and pedagogue. Brodowski was born in Warsaw but moved to Paris to study under Jean Augustin and Jacques-Louis David, later Brodowski's idol. He also became a pupil of Anne-Louis Girodet and François Gérard. His compositions are very large-scale with many figures, and often based on themes from Antiquity. Brodowski is also well known for his decorative paintings within palaces and theatres in Warsaw
1834 Landolin Ohmacht a German sculptor.
1837 John Constable None
1843 Juan José Viamonte an Argentine general in the early 19th century.
1850 John C. Calhoun a leading American politician and political theorist during the first half of the 19th century. Hailing from South Carolina, Calhoun began his political career as a nationalist, modernizer, and proponent of a strong national government and protective tariffs. After 1830, his views evolved and he became a greater proponent of states' rights, limited government, nullification and free trade; as he saw these means as the only way to preserve the Union. He is best known for his intense and original defense of slavery as something positive, his distrust of majoritarianism, and for pointing the South toward secession from the Union
1853 Andrés Narvarte President of Venezuela as interim caretaker.
1855 Charlotte Brontë an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who survived into adulthood and whose novels have become classics of English literature. She published her best known novel, Jane Eyre, under the pen name Currer Bell
1866 Mikael Nalbandian an Armenian writer who dominated 19th century Armenian literature, author of the Armenian national anthem text.
1868 Ludwig Lange (architect) a German architect and landscape designer.
1869 Allan Kardec the pen name of the French educator, translator and author Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail. He is known today as the systematizer of Spiritism for which he laid the foundation with the five books of the Spiritist Codification. His books have sold millions of copies
1873 Maria Magdalena Mathsdotter a Swedish Sami who in 1864 took the initiative to the foundation of schools for Sami children in Lapland.
1876 Yuri Samarin a leading Russian Slavophile thinker and one of the architects of the Emancipation reform of 1861.
1877 Jean Baptiste Madou a Belgian painter and lithographer.
1877 Antoine Augustin Cournot a French philosopher and mathematician.
1880 Henryk Wieniawski a Polish violinist and composer.
1885 Franz Abt a German composer and choral conductor. He composed roughly 3,000 individual works mostly in the area of vocal music. Several of his songs were at one time universally sung, and have obtained a more or less permanent place in the popular repertory. During his lifetime, Abt was a renowned choral conductor and he spent much of the last three decades of his life working as a guest conductor with choirs throughout Europe and in the United States
1886 Józef Bohdan Zaleski a Polish Romantic poet. A friend of Adam Mickiewicz, Zaleski founded the "Ukrainian poetic school."
1888 Jean-Marie Guyau a French philosopher and poet.
1892 Pieter Frederik van Os a painter from the Northern Netherlands. He was the son and pupil of Pieter Gerardus van Os and worked mainly in the spirit of his father
1893 Hiram Berdan an American engineer, inventor and military officer, world-renowned marksman, and guiding force behind and commanding colonel of the famed United States Volunteer Sharpshooter Regiments during the American Civil War. He was the inventor of the Berdan rifle, the Berdan centerfire primer and numerous other weapons and accessories