Born on March 4

625 Hasan ibn Ali an important figure in Islam. He is the son of Ali and Fatimah. The latter is the daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. After his father's death, he briefly succeeded him as the Caliph , before retiring to Madinah and entering into an agreement with the first Umayyad ruler, Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan, who assumed the Caliphate. Hasan is one of the five people of the Ahl al-Kisa, as well as a member of the Ahl al-Bayt. Hasan ibn Ali is 2nd Imam of Shia Islam. Hasan is also highly respected by the Sunni as the grandson of Muhammad
895 Liu Zhiyuan the ethnically-Shatuo founder of the Later Han, the fourth of the Five Dynasties in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period of Chinese history. It, if the subsequent Northern Han is not considered part of its history, was also one of the shortest-lived states in Chinese history, lasting only three years
1188 Blanche of Castile Queen of France as the wife of Louis VIII. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son, Louis She was born in Palencia, Spain, 1188, the third daughter of Alfonso VIII, king of Castile, and Eleanor of England. Eleanor was a daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine
1394 Henry the Navigator an important figure in 15th-century Portuguese politics and in the early days of the Portuguese Empire. Through his administrative direction, he is regarded as the main initiator of what would be known as the Age of Discoveries. Henry was the fifth child of the Portuguese king John I and responsible for the early development of Portuguese exploration and maritime trade with other continents through the systematic exploration of Western Africa, the islands of the Atlantic Ocean, and the search for new routes
1484 George Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach a Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach from the House of Hohenzollern.
1492 Francesco de Layolle an Italian composer and organist of the Renaissance. He was one of the first native Italian composers to write sacred music in the Franco-Flemish polyphonic style, combining it with the indigenous harmonic idioms of the Italian peninsula
1537 Longqing Emperor the twelfth emperor of the Ming dynasty of China from 1567 to 1572. He was created Prince of Yu in 1539. His era name means "Great celebration"
1574 Carl Gyllenhielm a Swedish soldier and politician. He was made a baron in 1615, appointed Field Marshal in 1616, Privy Councilor in 1617, Governor General of Ingria in 1617 and served as Lord High Admiral from 1620 until his death
1600 Hans Christoff von Königsmarck a Swedish-German soldier who commanded Sweden's legendary flying column, a force which played a key role in Gustavus Adolphus' strategy.
1602 Kanō Tan'yū one of the foremost Japanese painters of the Kanō school. His original given name was Morinobu; he was the eldest son of Kanō Takanobu and grandson of Kanō Eitoku. Many of the most famous and widely known Kanō works today are by Tan'yū
1623 Jacob van der Does a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
1634 Kazimierz Łyszczyński a Polish nobleman, landowner in Brest Litovsk Voivodeship of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, philosopher, and soldier in the ranks of the Sapieha family, who was accused, tried, and executed for atheism in 1689.
1642 Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski a Polish noble, politician, patron of the arts and writer.
1643 Fran Krsto Frankopan a Croatian baroque poet, nobleman and politician in the 17th century. He is remembered primarily for his involvement in the failed Zrinski-Frankopan conspiracy
1645 Johann Ambrosius Bach a German musician, father to Johann Sebastian Bach.
1651 John Somers 1st Baron Somers an English Whig jurist and statesman. Somers first came to national attention in the trial of the Seven Bishops where he was on their defence counsel. He published tracts on political topics such as the succession to the crown, where he elaborated his Whig principles in support of the Exclusionists. He played a leading part in shaping the Revolution settlement. He was Lord High Chancellor of England under King William III and was a chief architect of the union between England and Scotland achieved in 1707 and the Protestant succession achieved in 1714. He was a leading Whig during the twenty-five years after 1688; with four colleagues he formed the Whig Junto
1655 Fra Galgario an Italian painter, mainly active in Bergamo as a portraitist during the Rococo or late-Baroque period.
1665 Philip Christoph von Königsmarck a Swedish count of Brandenburgian extraction and a soldier. He was allegedly the lover of Sophia Dorothea, Princess of Celle, the wife of Duke George Louis of Brunswick and Lunenburg, the heir presumptive of the Principality of Calenberg, later to become Elector of Hanover and King of Great Britain
1674 Kazimierz Czartoryski a Polish nobleman, Duke of Klewań and Żuków.
1676 Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska an Electress of Bavaria and of the Electorate of the Palatinate. She also served as Regent of the Palatinate in 1704–05
1678 Antonio Vivaldi an Italian Baroque composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric. Born in Venice, he was recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe. He is known mainly for composing many instrumental concertos, for the violin and a variety of other instruments, as well as sacred choral works and more than forty operas. His best-known work is a series of violin concertos known as The Four Seasons
1682 Ernest Ferdinand Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg a titular Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg. He was Prince of Brunswick-Bevern and founder of the younger Brunswick-Bevern line
1700 Louis Auguste Prince of Dombes a grandson of Louis XIV of France and of his maîtresse-en-titre Françoise-Athénaïs de Montespan. He was a member of the legitimised House of Bourbon-Maine
1702 Jack Sheppard a notorious English thief and gaol-breaker of early 18th-century London. Born into a poor family, he was apprenticed as a carpenter but took to theft and burglary in 1723, with little more than a year of his training to complete. He was arrested and imprisoned five times in 1724 but escaped four times from prison, making him a notorious public figure, and wildly popular with the poorer classes. Ultimately, he was caught, convicted, and hanged at Tyburn, ending his brief criminal career after less than two years. The inability of the notorious "Thief-Taker General" Jonathan Wild to control Sheppard, and injuries suffered by Wild at the hands of Sheppard's colleague, Joseph "Blueskin" Blake, led to Wild's downfall
1706 Lauritz de Thurah a Danish architect and architectural writer. He became the most important Danish architect of the late baroque period. As an architectural writer and historian he made a priceless contribution to the understanding of both Denmark's architectural heritage and building construction in his day
1715 James Waldegrave 2nd Earl Waldegrave a British statesman.
1719 George Pigot 1st Baron Pigot the British governor of Madras.
1729 Anne d'Arpajon a French aristocrat and first lady of honour to Queens of France, Marie Leszczyńska and Marie Antoinette. She was called "Madame Etiquette" by Marie Antoinette for her insistence that no minutia of court etiquette ever be altered or disregarded
1741 Casimiro Gómez Ortega a Spanish physician, and botanist who was the First Professor of the Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid. Under Charles III of Spain Gómez de Ortega directed the formation of the Royal Botanical Garden as a place, in particular, to collect and study the new species of plants being identified by European explorers. Gómez de Ortega published extensively on plant species, and on the economic botany of plants collected during Spanish sponsored explorations of South America
1745 Charles Dibdin a British musician, songwriter, dramatist, novelist and actor. With over 600 songs to his name, for many of which he wrote both the lyrics and the music and performed them himself, he was in his time the most prolific English singer-songwriter. He is best known as the composer of the song "Tom Bowling", which often features at the Last Night of the Proms
1756 Henry Raeburn a Scottish portrait painter and Scotland's first significant portrait painter since the Union to remain based in Scotland. He served as Portrait Painter to King George IV in Scotland
1768 Johann Friedrich Kind a German dramatist, most famous for writing the libretto for Carl Maria von Weber's opera Der Freischütz.
1769 Muhammad Ali of Egypt an Ottoman Albanian commander in the Ottoman army, who became Wāli, and self-declared Khedive of Egypt and Sudan with the Ottoman's temporary approval. Though not a modern nationalist, he is regarded as the founder of modern Egypt because of the dramatic reforms in the military, economic and cultural spheres that he instituted. He also ruled Levantine territories outside Egypt. The dynasty that he established would rule Egypt and Sudan until the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 led by Muhammad Naguib
1770 Joseph Jacotot a French teacher and educational philosopher, creator of the method of "intellectual emancipation.".
1773 José Rondeau a general and politician in Argentina and Uruguay in the early 19th century.
1776 Guillaume Emmanuel Guignard vicomte de Saint-Priest a French émigré general who fought in the Russian army during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
1778 Robert Emmet an Irish nationalist and Republican, orator and rebel leader. He led an abortive rebellion against British rule in 1803 and was captured, tried and executed for high treason
1778 Florestano Pepe an Italian patriot. He was brother to the more famous general Guglielmo Pepe and cousin to Gabriele Pepe
1781 Rebecca Gratz a preeminent Jewish American educator and philanthropist.
1782 Johann Rudolf Wyss a Swiss author, writer, and folklorist who wrote the words to the former Swiss national anthem Rufst Du, mein Vaterland in 1811, and also edited the novel The Swiss Family Robinson, written by his father Johann David Wyss, published in 1812. His father died in 1818, and Johann Robert Wyss died in 1830, at the young age of 48
1784 Alexander Abercromby (British Army officer) a senior British Army officer during the Napoleonic Wars. He also served for a short time as a Member of Parliament for Clackmannanshire
1789 Pavel Gagarin a Russian politician and statesman from the Rurikid Gagarin family.
1790 David "Robber" Lewis an American criminal who became known as the "Robin Hood of Pennsylvania" for his style of crime.
1792 Samuel Slocum an American inventor from Poughkeepsie, New York. He was born in Jamestown, RI, son of Peleg Slocum and Anne Dyer Slocum. He was raised in Usquepaugh, RI, a village in South Kingstown, RI, where a William Lockwood sometime after 1772, first invented the common pin with a head, to keep it from slipping through cloth. Samuel was the 6th of 8 children. He worked as a carpenter before he decided to move to London and become a pin maker. He married Susan Stanton Slocum in 1817 at Richmond, RI, and had three children, Samuel Dyer Slocum, Mary Slocum, and John Stanton Slocum
1793 Karl Lachmann a German philologist and critic. He is particularly noted for his foundational contributions to the field of textual criticism
1800 Wilhelm Eduard Albrecht a German constitutional lawyer, jurist, and docent. Albrecht was most notable as a member of the Göttingen Seven, a group of academics who in 1837 protested the abrogation of the constitution of the Kingdom of Hanover by Ernest Augustus I
1801 Karl Rudolf Hagenbach a Swiss church theologian and historian. He was particularly interested in the Protestant Reformation and its figures
1803 Nikolay Yazykov a Russian poet and Slavophile who in the 1820s rivalled Alexander Pushkin and Yevgeny Baratynsky as the most popular poet of his generation.
1811 John Lawrence 1st Baron Lawrence an Englishman who became a prominent British Imperial statesman who served as Viceroy of India from 1864 to 1869.
1813 Lev Kulchitsky a Russian rear-admiral and the 13th governor of Taganrog, member of the Admiralty since 1856.