Died on March 4

480 Landry of Sées a French saint and bishop. The earliest record found of a person named Landry was in the 5th Century 450 in the person of Landry, third Bishop of Sées who died on March 4, 480 and whose feast day is July 16
561 Pope Pelagius I Pope from 556 to his death in 561. He was the second pope of the Byzantine Papacy, and like his predecessor, a former apocrisiarius to Constantinople
934 Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah the founder of the Fatimid Caliphate, the only major Shi'a caliphate in Islam, and established Fatimid rule throughout much of North Africa.
1172 Stephen III of Hungary King of Hungary and Croatia between 1162 and 1172. He was crowned king in early June 1162, shortly after the death of his father, Géza However, his two uncles, Ladislaus and Stephen, who had joined the court of the Byzantine Empire, challenged his right to the crown. Only six weeks after his coronation, the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos launched an expedition against Hungary, forcing the Hungarian lords to accept Ladislaus' rule. Stephen sought refuge in Austria, but returned and seized Pressburg. Ladislaus, who died on 14 January 1163, was succeeded by Stephen's younger uncle and namesake, Stephen IV, without resistance, but his rule was unpopular. The young Stephen defeated his uncle on 19 June 1163 and expelled him from Hungary
1193 Saladin the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty. A Muslim of Kurdish origin, Saladin led the Muslim opposition to the European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, his sultanate included Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Hejaz, Yemen and other parts of North Africa
1238 Yuri II of Vladimir the fourth Grand Prince of Vladimir who presided over Vladimir-Suzdal at the time of the Mongol invasion of Russia.
1238 Joan of England Queen of Scotland Queen consort of Scotland from 1221 until her death. She was the third child of John, King of England and Isabella of Angoulême
1238 Vasilko Konstantinovich the first Prince of Rostov, Russia. He was the son of Konstantin of Rostov
1303 Daniel of Moscow the youngest son of Alexander Nevsky and forefather of all the Grand Princes of Moscow.
1304 Robert de Brus 6th Lord of Annandale a cross-border lord, and participant of the Second Barons' War, Welsh Wars, and First War of Scottish Independence.
1371 Jeanne d'Évreux the third wife of King Charles IV of France, daughter of his uncle Louis d'Évreux and Margaret of Artois. She bore no male heir which caused the end of the direct line of the Capetian dynasty. Because she was his first cousin, the couple required papal permission to marry from Pope John XXII. Jeanne bore Charles three daughters, Jeanne, Marie and Blanche
1484 Saint Casimir a crown prince of the Kingdom of Poland and of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania who became a patron saint of Lithuania, Poland, and the young. His feast day, the Saint Casimir's Day, is marked annually with Kaziuko mugė held on the Sunday nearest to March 4, the anniversary of his death, in Vilnius
1496 Sigismund Archduke of Austria a Habsburg archduke of Austria and ruler of Tirol from 1446 to 1490.
1583 Bernard Gilpin an Oxford theologian and then an influential clergyman in the emerging Church of England spanning the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Jane, Mary and Elizabeth He was known as the 'Apostle of the North', for his work in the wilds of northern England.
1604 Fausto Sozzini an Italian theologian and founder of the school of Christian thought known as Socinianism and the main theologian of Polish Brethren.
1615 Hans von Aachen a German mannerist painter.
1621 Ana de Jesús a Spanish Discalced Carmelite nun and writer. She was a close companion of Teresa of Avila, foundress of the Carmelite reform and served to establish new monasteries of the Order throughout Europe. Known as a mystic and for her writings on prayer, she has been declared Venerable by the Catholic Church
1710 Louis Prince of Condé (1668–1710) a Prince of the blood at the French court of Louis XIV. Styled as the Duke of Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his father as Prince of Condé in 1709. However, was known by the lesser ducal title. He was prince for less than a year. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang
1724 Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach a princess of Brandenburg-Ansbach and through her marriage duchess of Württemberg-Winnental.
1728 Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia the elder daughter of Emperor Peter I of Russia and Empress Catherine I of Russia. Her sister, Elizabeth of Russia, ruled as Empress between 1741 and 1762. Her son Peter ruled as Emperor in 1762 as Elizabeth's heir. She was the Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp by marriage
1733 Claude de Forbin a French naval commander. In 1685-1688 he was on a diplomatic mission to Siam. He became governor of Bangkok and a general in the Siamese army, and left Siam shortly before King Narai fell ill and was deposed by a Coup d'état
1744 John Anstis an English officer of arms and antiquarian. He rose to the highest heraldic office in England and became Garter King of Arms in 1718 after years of political manoeuvring
1762 Johannes Zick a German painter of frescoes in southern Germany and active during the Baroque period. He was the father of painter Januarius Zick and considered to be an important master of the Late Baroque
1766 Jacques Aved a French painter of the 18th century and one of the main French Rococo portraitists. He painted the Ottoman Empire ambassador to France in 1742, Mehmed Said Efendi
1771 Frederick William Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt born 17 November 1700, Oranienbaum Castle near Dessau – and died 4 March 1771, Wildenbruch Castle. In his lifetime, from 1711 to 1771, he held the titles Prince in Prussia and Margrave of Brandenburg, with the style Royal Highness. He was made a knight of the Order of the Black Eagle. In the 19th century he was retrospectively known by the title Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, in order to differentiate his branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty. He was the second owner of the Prussian secundogeniture of Brandenburg-Schwedt. His parents were Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, and Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau. He was the nephew of King Frederick I of Prussia
1779 Heinrich Leopold Wagner a German dramatist.
1793 Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon Duke of Penthièvre the son of Louis Alexandre de Bourbon and his wife Marie Victoire de Noailles. He was also a grandson of Louis XIV of France and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. From birth he was known as the Duke of Penthièvre. He also possessed the following titles: Prince of Lamballe ; Prince of Carignano; Duke of Rambouillet; Duke of Aumale ; Duke of Gisors; Duke of Châteauvillain; Duke of Arc-en-Barrois; Duke of Amboise; Count of Eu; Count of Guingamp. He was the father in law of Philippe Égalité
1795 John Collins (Continental Congress) the third Governor of the U.S. state of Rhode Island, born in Newport, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Collins.
1805 Jean-Baptiste Greuze a French painter.
1807 Abraham Baldwin an American politician, Patriot, and Founding Father from the U.S. state of Georgia. Baldwin was a Georgia representative in the Continental Congress and served in the United States House of Representatives and Senate after the adoption of the Constitution. Baldwin was the founding father of the University of Georgia, first state-charted public institution of higher education in the United States and served as its first president
1811 Mariano Moreno an Argentine lawyer, journalist, and politician. He played a decisive role in the Primera Junta, the first national government of Argentina, created after the May Revolution
1812 Joachim Chreptowicz a Polish-Lithuanian noble, poet, Grand Secretary of Lithuania, marshal of the Lithuanian Tribunal, Deputy and later last Grand Chancellor of Lithuania. Member of the Permanent Council, activist of the Commission of National Education, physiocrat, supporter of Targowica Confederation
1815 Frances Abington a British actress, known not only for her acting, but her sense of fashion.
1821 Princess Elizabeth of Clarence an infant member of the British royal family as the second daughter and third child of Prince William, Duke of Clarence and St Andrews and his wife , Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen. She was a granddaughter of King George III of the United Kingdom and a first cousin of Queen Victoria
1831 Georg Michael Telemann a German composer and theologian.
1832 Jean-François Champollion a French scholar, philologist and orientalist, decipherer of the Egyptian hieroglyphs.
1836 John Lowell Jr. (philanthropist) a U.S. businessman, early philanthropist, and through his will, founder of the Lowell Institute.
1837 Yuri Lisyansky an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy and explorer of Ukrainian origin.
1851 Henry Smith (Texas Governor) first American-born Governor of the Mexican territory of Texas and briefly presided over the revolution there.
1851 James Richardson (explorer of the Sahara)
1852 Nikolai Gogol a Ukrainian Russian-language dramatist, novelist and short story writer.
1853 Christian Leopold von Buch remembered as one of the most important contributors to geology in the first half of the nineteenth century. His scientific interest was devoted to a broad spectrum of geological topics: volcanism, fossils, stratigraphy and more. His most remembered accomplishment is the scientific definition of the jurassic system
1853 Thomas Bladen Capel an officer in the British Royal Navy whose distinguished service in the French Revolutionary War, the Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812 earned him rapid promotion and great acclaim both in and out of the Navy. He was also a great friend of Admiral Nelson and can be considered a full member of Nelson's "band of brothers"
1858 Matthew C. Perry a Commodore of the U.S. Navy and commanded a number of ships. He served in several wars, most notably in the Mexican-American War and the War of 1812. He played a leading role in the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854. Perry was very concerned with the education of naval officers and helped develop an apprentice system that helped establish the curriculum at the United States Naval Academy. With the advent of the steam engine, he became a leading advocate of modernizing the U.S. Navy and came to be considered The Father of the Steam Navy in the US
1860 Honoré Charles Reille a Marshal of France, born in Antibes.
1861 Ippolito Nievo an Italian writer, journalist and patriot. His Confessions of an Italian is widely considered the most important novel about the Italian Risorgimento
1864 Thomas Starr King an American Unitarian minister, influential in California politics during the American Civil War, and Freemason. Starr King spoke zealously in favor of the Union and was credited by Abraham Lincoln with preventing California from becoming a separate republic. He is sometimes referred to as "the orator who saved the nation."
1866 Alexander Campbell (clergyman) historically known as the Restoration Movement, and by some as the "Stone-Campbell Movement." It resulted in the development of non-denominational Christian churches, which stressed reliance on Scripture and few essentials.:111 Campbell was influenced by similar efforts in Scotland, before emigrating to the United States. He was influenced by James and Robert Haldane, who emphasized a return to original Christianity as found in the New Testament. In 1832, the group of reformers led by the Campbells merged with a similar effort that began under the leadership of Barton Stone in Kentucky.:112 Their congregations identified as Disciples of Christ or Christian churches. Several American church groups have historical roots in the Campbells' efforts, including the Churches of Christ, the Christian churches and churches of Christ, Evangelical Christian Church in Canada, and the Christian Church. Alexander Campbell founded Bethany College in Bethany, West Virginia
1868 Jesse Chisholm a mixed blood Cherokee trader. His name is most famous because of the namesake cattle trail, which he originally scouted and developed to supply his various trading posts among the Plains Indians in what is now western Oklahoma. Although Chisholm died before the heyday of the Texas-Kansas cattle drives, he was nevertheless a participant in several important events in Texas and Oklahoma history
1868 Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein a German painter.