Born on March 5

824 Suppo I a Frankish nobleman who held lands in the Regnum Italicum in the early ninth century.
1133 Henry II of England also known as Henry Curtmantle , Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany. Henry was the son of Geoffrey of Anjou and Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England. He became actively involved by the age of 14 in his mother's efforts to claim the throne of England, then occupied by Stephen of Blois, and was made Duke of Normandy at 17. He inherited Anjou in 1151 and shortly afterwards married Eleanor of Aquitaine, whose marriage to Louis VII of France had recently been annulled. Stephen agreed to a peace treaty after Henry's military expedition to England in 1153: Henry inherited the kingdom on Stephen's death a year later
1224 Kinga of Poland a saint in the Catholic Church and patroness of Poland and Lithuania.
1239 Hermann Balk a Knight-Brother of the Teutonic Order and its first Landmeister, or Provincial Master, in both Prussia and Livonia. From 1219 to 1227, he served as the Deutschmeister in the Order's Province of Alemannia. Balk led the crusaders during the Prussian Crusade and became Master of Prussia in 1230. From 1237 to 1238, he also served in the additional role as Master of Livonia
1324 David II of Scotland King of Scots from 7 June 1329 until his death.
1326 Louis I of Hungary King of Hungary and Croatia from 1342 and King of Poland from 1370 until his death.
1364 William I of Guelders and Jülich Duke of Guelders, as William I, from 1377 and Duke of Jülich, as William III, from 1393. William was known for his military activities, participating in the Prussian crusade five times and battling with neighbors in France and Brabant throughout his rule. His allies included Holy Roman Emperors, Charles IV and Wenceslaus, Richard II of England, and Conrad Zöllner von Rothenstein, the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights. During his reign the duchies of Guelders and Jülich were temporarily unified
1512 Gerardus Mercator a cartographer, philosopher and mathematician. He is best known for his work in cartography, in particular the world map of 1569 based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines. He was the first to use the term "atlas" for a collection of maps
1527 Ulrich Duke of Mecklenburg Duke of Mecklenburg from 1555-56 to 1603.
1563 John Coke an English office holder and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1629.
1574 William Oughtred The Rev. William Oughtred was an English mathematician and Anglican minister
1574 Frederick IV Elector Palatine of the Rhine , only surviving son of Louis VI, Elector Palatine and Elisabeth of Hesse, called "Frederick the Righteous".
1585 Frederick I Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg the first Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg and founder of the eponymous family line.
1585 John George I Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1611 to 1656.
1625 Marie de Nemours the daughter of Henri II d'Orléans, duc de Longueville. After the death of her brother Jean Louis Charles d'Orléans-Longueville in 1694 she succeeded him as sovereign Princess of Neuchâtel, by then the last monarchical state within the Swiss Confederation, although she remained a prominent member of the French royal court
1637 Jan van der Heyden a Dutch Baroque-era painter, draughtsman, printmaker, a mennonite and inventor who significantly contributed to contemporary firefighting. He improved the fire hose in 1672, with his brother Nicolaes, who was a hydraulic engineer. He modified the manual fire engines, reorganised the volunteer fire brigade and wrote and illustrated the first firefighting manual. A comprehensive street lighting scheme for Amsterdam, which lasted from 1669 until 1840, designed and implemented by Van der Heyden, was adopted as a model by many other towns and abroad
1648 David Caspari a German Lutheran theologian. He was the father of Georg Caspari
1675 Henri-Jacques Nompar de Caumont duc de La Force a French nobleman and peer, the son of Jacques-Nompar II de Caumont, duc de La Force and Suzanne de Beringhen. He was a member of the Académie française
1693 Johann Jakob Wettstein a Swiss theologian, best known as a New Testament critic.
1696 Giovanni Battista Tiepolo an Italian painter and printmaker from the Republic of Venice. He was prolific, and worked not only in Italy, but also in Germany and Spain
1703 Vasily Trediakovsky a Russian poet, essayist and playwright who helped lay the foundations of classical Russian literature.
1711 Carl Gustaf Pilo a Swedish-born artist and painter, one of many 18th-century European artists who had to leave their own country in order to make a living. Pilo worked extensively in Denmark as a painter to the Danish Court and as professor and director at the Royal Danish Academy of Art , as well as in his native Sweden. Carl Gustaf is most famous for his masterly painting, "The Coronation of Gustaf III" commissioned by King Gustav III of Sweden
1713 Frederick Cornwallis Archbishop of Canterbury, and the twin brother of Edward Cornwallis.
1713 Edward Cornwallis a British military officer who was the first Governor of Nova Scotia at Halifax, Nova Scotia. He later served as the Governor of Gibraltar
1723 Princess Mary of Great Britain the second-youngest daughter of King George II and Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel as the wife of Landgrve Frederick II.
1732 William Amherst (British Army officer) a British military commander. In 1762 during the Seven Years' War he led British forces that defeated a French expedition to Newfoundland at the Battle of Signal Hill
1733 Vincenzo Galeotti an Italian and Danish dancer, choreographer and ballet master, who was influential as the director of the Royal Danish Ballet from 1775 until his death.
1739 Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge a colonel in the Massachusetts militia during the American Revolutionary War, and was a commander at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He was also a farmer, and he owned a rum still, a wood lot, a grazing meadow, and a mill, and came to be the wealthiest man in the town. Colonel Woodbridge was a member of the Massachusetts legislature for many years. Woodbridge was unmarried, and raised his nephew Theodore Strong, as his own son. Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge died in 1819 at the age of 80. He is sometimes referred to as Ruggles Woodbridge or Benjamin Woodbridge
1748 William Shield an English composer, violinist and violist who was born in Swalwell near Gateshead, the son of William Shield and his wife, Mary, née Cash.
1748 Jonas Carlsson Dryander a Swedish botanist.
1750 Jean-Baptiste Gaspard d'Ansse de Villoison a classical scholar born at Corbeil-sur-Seine, France.
1751 Jan Křtitel Kuchař a Czech organist, mandolinist, harpsichordist, music composer, operatic conductor, and teacher.
1751 Gérard de Lally-Tollendal a French politician.
1755 Jozef Ignác Bajza an ethnically Slovak writer, satirist and Catholic priest in the Kingdom of Hungary.
1764 Antoine Roy a French lawyer and politician. He was a National Representative during the Hundred Days when Napoleon returned from Elba, a Deputy from 1815 to 1821, a peer of France and three times Minister of Finance
1770 Hans Ernst Karl Graf von Zieten an officer in the Prussian Army during the Napoleonic Wars.
1771 Wilhelm Daniel Joseph Koch a German physician and botanist from Kusel, a town in the Rhineland-Palatinate.
1794 Jacques Babinet best known for his contributions to optics.
1794 Robert Cooper Grier an American jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States.
1800 Georg Friedrich Daumer a German poet and philosopher. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native city, at that time directed by the famous philosopher Hegel. In 1817 he entered the University of Erlangen as a student of theology, but abandoned that study for philosophy. For a number of years Daumer was professor at the gymnasium of Nuremberg; owing to ill-health he was pensioned in 1832 and henceforth devoted himself entirely to literary work. While at Erlangen he came strongly under the influence of Pietism. Soon, however, he became sceptical and exhibited decided leanings towards pantheism. From an orthodox Protestant he gradually became a bitter enemy of Christianity, which he attacked in a number of writings and for which he strove to substitute a new religion "of love and peace", formulated in his work Religion des neuen Weltalters. Karl Marx and Frederick Engels joined in writing a critical review of Daumer's Die Religion des Neuen Weltalters in January through February 1850 which was published in the Neue Rheinische Zeitung: Politisch-Ökonomische Revue. Marx and Engels criticized Daumer's theory of history from class point of view. Instead of a struggle between economic classes in society, Daumer saw only a struggle between "coarseness" and "culture."
1805 Théodore Labarre a French harpist and composer. He lived in Paris and in London and was awarded the Prix de Rome in 1823 as well as the Légion d'honneur in 1862. He was a professor of harp at the Conservatoire de Paris since 1867
1814 Wilhelm von Giesebrecht a German historian.
1815 John Wentworth (Illinois) the editor of the Chicago Democrat, publisher of an extensive Wentworth family genealogy, a two-term mayor of Chicago, and a six-term member of the United States House of Representatives, both before and after his service as mayor.
1817 Austen Henry Layard an English traveller, archaeologist, cuneiformist, art historian, draughtsman, collector, author, politician and diplomat, best known as the excavator of Nimrud and of Niniveh, where he uncovered in 1851 the library of Ashurbanipal.
1824 James Merritt Ives an American lithographer, bookkeeper, and businessman. He oversaw the business and financial side of the firm, Currier and Ives, which he co-managed with his business partner, Nathaniel Currier
1827 Hans Balatka a United States conductor and composer. His efforts contributed much to the great increase in popularity of European classical music in the United States during the late 19th century
1828 Dmitry Dmitriyevich Smyshlyayev a Russian historian, ethnographer and politician. He is known for study of history of Perm and Perm Governorate
1830 Étienne-Jules Marey a French scientist, physiologist and chronophotographer.
1832 Isaac Israel Hayes an Arctic explorer, physician and politician.
1834 Félix de Blochausen a Luxembourgish politician. An Orangist, he was the sixth Prime Minister of Luxembourg, serving for ten years, from 26 December 1874 until 20 February 1885