Died on March 5

254 Pope Lucius I the Bishop of Rome from 25 June 253 to his death in 254.
1291 Sa'ad al-Dawla a Jewish physician and statesman in thirteenth-century Persia. He was grand vizier from 1289 to 1291 under the Mongolian Ilkhan in Persia, Arghun Khan. According to Abu al-Faraj, Sa'ad was father-in-law of the prefect of Baghdad. Sa'ad held a position in the treasury department, where he so distinguished himself that the Mongolian governor was jealous and recommended him to court as a physician. Here Sa'ad made a friend of Ordu Kia, a powerful general, and through his influence was sent to collect the arrears of taxes in Baghdad. He was so successful in raising money that Arghun appointed him assistant in the department of finances at Baghdad, Ordu Kia being appointed military governor, or emir, of that province. The historian Wassaf says that Sa'ad cured Arghun of an illness, and, having thus gained his confidence, informed the Ilkhan of the corruption among the officials at Baghdad. At the same time he impressed Arghun with his own ability by his knowledge of the Mongolian and Turkish languages, and by his intimate acquaintance with the conditions existing in the province. He was soon made general controller of the finances of Baghdad, and then of the whole empire, becoming grand vizier. "Thus," remarks Abu al-Faraj, "were the Muslims reduced to having a Jew in the place of honor," a situation which they greatly resented. Arghun, as a Lamaist Buddhist, had no such compunctions
1319 John II of Viennois Jean II de la Tour du Pin succeeded his father Humbert I as dauphin of Viennois from 1306 to 1318. His mother was Anne of Burgundy, dauphine du Viennois
1410 Matthew of Kraków a renowned German-Polish scholar and priest of the fourteenth century.
1417 Manuel III of Trebizond Emperor of Trebizond from March 20, 1390 to his death in 1417. He was the son of Emperor Alexios III of Trebizond by Theodora Kantakouzene
1534 Antonio da Correggio the foremost painter of the Parma school of the Italian Renaissance, who was responsible for some of the most vigorous and sensuous works of the 16th century. In his use of dynamic composition, illusionistic perspective and dramatic foreshortening, Correggio prefigured the Rococo art of the 18th century
1535 Lorenzo Costa an Italian painter of the Renaissance.
1539 Nuno da Cunha a governor of Portuguese possessions in India from 1528 to 1538. He was the son of Antónia Pais and Tristão da Cunha, the famous Portuguese navigator, admiral and ambassador to Pope Leo Nuno da Cunha proved his mettle in battles at Oja and Brava, and at the capture of Panane, under the viceroy Francisco de Almeida. Named by João III ninth governor of Portuguese possessions in India, he served from April 1528 to 1538
1572 Giulio Campi an Italian painter and architect. His brothers Vincenzo Campi and Antonio Campi were also renowned painters
1576 Luis de Requesens y Zúñiga a Spanish politician and diplomat.
1588 Henri Prince of Condé (1552–1588) a French Prince du Sang and Huguenot general like his more prominent father, Louis I, Prince of Condé.
1611 Shimazu Yoshihisa a daimyo of Satsuma Province and the eldest son of Shimazu Takahisa. His mother was a daughter of Iriki'in Shigesato , Sesshō. Shimazu Yoshihiro and Shimazu Toshihisa are his brothers
1618 John Duke of Östergötland a Swedish royal dynast. He was titular Duke of Finland 1590–1606 and reigning Duke of Östergötland 1606–18
1622 Ranuccio I Farnese Duke of Parma reigned as Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1592. A firm believer in absolute monarchy, Ranuccio, in 1594, centralised the administration of Parma and Piacenza, thus rescinding the nobles' hitherto vast prerogative. He is best remembered for the "Great Justice" of 1612, which saw the executions of a large number of Piacentine nobles suspected of plotting against him. Because one of the conspirators, Gianfrancesco Sanvitale, falsely implicated several Italian princes, namely Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Cesare d'Este, Duke of Modena, in the plot, Vincenzo and Cesare's names appeared on the list of conspirators during formal court proceedings; as a result, Ranuccio's reputation among the rulers of Italy was irreparably damaged because it was evident that he gave credence to Gianfrancesco's obviously false confession. When, consequently, in the early 1620s, Ranuccio was looking for a bride for his younger legitimate son and heir, Odoardo, none of the Italian ruling families were forthcoming with princesses. He did, however, manage to engineer a match with Margherita de' Medici, daughter of Cosimo II of Tuscany
1691 Jean-Jacques Renouard de Villayer a member of the French Conseil d'État, which had been delegated special legal authorities by the absolutist reigning King Louis XIV.
1694 Vittoria della Rovere Grand Duchess of Tuscany as the wife of Grand Duke Ferdinando She gave her husband four children, two of which would survive infancy; the future Cosimo III, Tuscany's longest reigning monarch and Francesco Maria, a prince of the Church. At the death of her grandfather Francesco Maria della Rovere she inherited the Duchies of Rovere and Montefeltro which reverted to her second son, Francesco Maria, at her death. She was later entrusted with the care of her three grandchildren. Her marriage brought in a wealth of treasures into the House of Medici which can today be seen in the Palazzo Pitti and the Uffizi Gallery in Florence
1695 Henry Wharton an English writer and librarian.
1707 Abraham Pierson the first rector, from 1701 to 1707, and one of the founders of the Collegiate School — which later became Yale University. He was born in Southampton, Long Island, where his father, the Rev. Abraham Pierson , was the pastor of the Puritan church. At that time, Southampton and much of eastern Long Island were administered as part of the Connecticut Colony
1726 Evelyn Pierrepont 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull an English aristocrat.
1731 Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi born in Damascus in 1641 into a family of Islamic scholarship. His father, Isma'il Abd al-Ghani, was a jurist in the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam and a contributor to Arabic literature. He was orphaned at an early age. Abd al-Ghani did not trace his descent to the city of as some laymen think, hence his surname Nabulsi has nothing to deal with the city of
1763 William Smellie (obstetrician) a Scottish obstetrician.
1770 Crispus Attucks may have been an American slave or freeman, merchant seaman and dockworker of Wampanoag and African descent. He was the first casualty of the Boston Massacre, in Boston, Massachusetts, and is widely considered to be the first American casualty in the American Revolutionary War
1775 Pierre-Laurent Buirette de Belloy a French dramatist and actor.
1778 Thomas Arne an English composer, best known for the patriotic song Rule, Britannia!. He also wrote a version of God Save the King, which became the British national anthem, and the song A-Hunting We Will Arne was the leading British theatre composer of the 18th century, working at Drury Lane and Covent Garden
1794 Ramón de la Cruz a Spanish neoclassical dramatist.
1795 Josef Reicha a Czech cellist, composer and conductor. He was the uncle of composer and music theorist Anton Reicha
1815 Franz Mesmer a German physician with an interest in astronomy, who theorised that there was a natural energetic transference that occurred between all animated and inanimate objects that he called animal magnetism, sometimes later referred to as mesmerism. The theory attracted a wide following between about 1780 and 1850, and continued to have some influence until the end of the century. In 1843 the Scottish physician James Braid proposed the term hypnosis for a technique derived from animal magnetism; today this is the usual meaning of mesmerism
1826 Charles Paul Landon a French painter and popular writer on art and artists.
1826 Manuel Benito de Castro a Neogranadine politician. He became President of the State of Cundinamarca in 1812 in place of Antonio Nariño
1827 Pierre-Simon Laplace an influential French scholar whose work was pivotal to the development of mathematics, statistics, physics, and astronomy. He summarized and extended the work of his predecessors in his five-volume Mécanique Céleste. This work translated the geometric study of classical mechanics to one based on calculus, opening up a broader range of problems. In statistics, the Bayesian interpretation of probability was developed mainly by Laplace
1827 Alessandro Volta an Italian physicist known for the invention of the battery in the 1800s.
1829 Joseph-François-Louis-Charles de Damas a French general.
1829 John Adams (mutineer) the last survivor of the Bounty mutineers who settled on Pitcairn Island in January 1790, the year after the mutiny. His real name was John Adams, but he used the name Alexander Smith until he was discovered in 1808 by Captain Mayhew Folger of the American whaling ship Topaz. His children used the surname "Adams"
1849 David Scott (painter) a Scottish historical painter.
1865 Heinrich Wilhelm Schott an Austrian botanist well known for his extensive work on aroids.
1866 John Conolly an English psychiatrist.
1875 Claude-Louis Mathieu a French mathematician and astronomer who began his career as an engineer. He worked with the Bureau des Longitudes and tried to determine the distance of the stars
1876 Marie d'Agoult a French author, known also by her pen name, Daniel Stern.
1876 Francesco Maria Piave an Italian opera librettist who was born in Murano in the lagoon of Venice, during the brief Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy.
1879 Rosalie von Rauch a German noblewoman and since 1853, Countess of Hohenau.
1892 Edmond Jurien de La Gravière a French admiral, son of Admiral Pierre Roch Jurien de La Gravière, who served through the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars and was a peer of France under Louis-Philippe.
1893 Ali bin Said of Zanzibar the fourth Sultan of Zanzibar. He ruled Zanzibar from February 13, 1890 to March 5, 1893, and was succeeded by his nephew, Hamad bin Thuwaini Al-Busaid
1893 Hippolyte Taine a French critic and historian. He was the chief theoretical influence of French naturalism, a major proponent of sociological positivism and one of the first practitioners of historicist criticism. Literary historicism as a critical movement has been said to originate with him. Taine is particularly remembered for his three-pronged approach to the contextual study of a work of art, based on the aspects of what he called "race, milieu, and moment"
1895 Sir Henry Rawlinson 1st Baronet Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson, 1st Baronet GCB was a British East India Company army officer, politician and Orientalist, sometimes described as the Father of Assyriology. Rawlinson was one of the most important figures arguing that Britain must check Russian ambitions in South Asia. He was a strong advocate of the forward policy in Afghanistan, and counselled the retention of Kandahar. He argued that Tsarist Russia would attack and absorb Khokand, Bokhara and Khiva and warned they would invade Persia and Afghanistan as springboards to British India
1895 Nikolai Leskov a Russian novelist, short story writer, playwright, and journalist who also wrote under the pseudonym Stebnitskiy. Praised for his unique writing style and innovative experiments in form, and held in high esteem by Leo Tolstoy, Anton Chekhov and Maxim Gorky among others, Leskov is credited with creating a comprehensive picture of contemporary Russian society using mostly short literary forms. His major works include Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk , The Cathedral Clergy , The Enchanted Wanderer , and The Tale of Cross-eyed Lefty from Tula and the Steel Flea
1896 Frederic T. Greenhalge a British-born lawyer and politician in the United States state of Massachusetts. He served in the United States House of Representatives and was the state's 38th governor. He was elected three consecutive times, but died early in his third term
1897 Prince Louis Count of Aquila a member of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.
1901 Friedrich Karl Biedermann a German professor, politician, and publisher who greatly aided the Liberal movement in Germany during the process of German Unification.
1903 Gaston Paris a French writer and scholar. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1901, 1902 and 1903
1903 Eugène-Anatole Demarçay a French chemist. He studied under Jean-Baptiste Dumas. During an experiment, an explosion destroyed the sight in one of his eyes