March 5 events in history

363 Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign which would bring about his own death
1046 Naser Khosrow begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama
1279 The Livonian Order is defeated in the Battle of Aizkraukle by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
1496 King Henry VII of England issues letters patent to John Cabot and his sons, authorising them to explore unknown lands
1616 Nicolaus Copernicus's book, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium is banned by the Catholic Church
1766 Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans
1770 Boston Massacre: Five Americans, including Crispus Attucks, are fatally shot by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War (also known as the American War of Independence) five years later
1811 Peninsular War: A French force under the command of Marshal Victor is routed while trying to prevent an Anglo-Spanish-Portuguese army from lifting the Siege of Cádiz in the Battle of Barrosa
1824 First Anglo-Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma
1836 Samuel Colt patents the first production-model revolver, the .34-caliber
1850 The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened
1860 Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia
1868 Mefistofele, an opera by Arrigo Boito receives its première performance at La Scala
1872 George Westinghouse patents the air brake
1906 Moro Rebellion: United States Army troops bring overwhelming force against the native Moros in the First Battle of Bud Dajo, leaving only six survivors
1912 Italo-Turkish War: Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, employing them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines
1931 The British Viceroy of India, Governor-General Edward Frederick Lindley Wood and Mohandas Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) sign an agreement envisaging the release of political prisoners and allowing salt to be freely used by the poorest members of the population
1933 Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a "bank holiday", closing all U.S. banks and freezing all financial transactions
1933 Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party receives 43.9% at the Reichstag elections. This later allows the Nazis to pass the Enabling Act and establish a dictatorship
1936 First flight of Supermarine Spitfire advanced monoplane fighter aircraft in the United Kingdom
1940 Six high-ranking members of Soviet politburo, including General Secretary Joseph Stalin, sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, in what will become known as the Katyn massacre
1943 First flight of Gloster Meteor jet aircraft in the United Kingdom
1944 World War II: The Red Army begins the Uman–Botoşani Offensive in the western Ukrainian SSR
1946 Winston Churchill coins the phrase "Iron Curtain" in his speech at Westminster College, Missouri
1946 Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc
1960 Cuban photographer Alberto Korda takes his iconic photograph of Marxist revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara
1965 March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence
1966 BOAC Flight 911 crashes on Mount Fuji, Japan, killing 124
1970 The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect after ratification by 43 nations
1974 Yom Kippur War: Israeli forces withdraw from the west bank of the Suez Canal
1975 First meeting of the Homebrew Computer Club
1978 The Landsat 3 is launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California
1979 Soviet probes Venera 11, Venera 12 and the American solar satellite Helios II all are hit by "off the scale" gamma rays leading to the discovery of soft gamma repeaters
1979 America's Voyager 1 spacecraft has its closest approach to Jupiter, 172,000 miles
1981 The ZX81, a pioneering British home computer, is launched by Sinclair Research and would go on to sell over 1.5 million units around the world
1982 Soviet probe Venera 14 landed on Venus
1984 Six thousand miners in the United Kingdom begin their strike at Cortonwood Colliery
2003 In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre
2012 Invisible Children launches the Stop Kony campaign with the release of Kony 2012
2012 At least 2 people are killed and 6 injured after a shooting in a hair salon in Bucharest, Romania