Born on March 7

189 Publius Septimius Geta a Roman emperor who ruled with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from 209 until his death, when he was murdered on Caracalla's orders.
851 Nominoe the first Duke of Brittany from 846 to his death. He is the Breton pater patriae and to Breton nationalists he is known as Tad ar Vro
1145 Baha ad-Din ibn Shaddad a 12th-century Muslim jurist and scholar, a Kurdish historian of great note, notable for writing a biography of Saladin whom he knew well.
1151 Theodwin a German cardinal and papal legate of the 12th century.
1437 Anna of Saxony Electress of Brandenburg a princess of Saxony by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.
1481 Baldassare Peruzzi an Italian architect and painter, born in a small town near Siena and died in Rome. He worked for many years with Bramante, Raphael, and later Sangallo during the erection of the new Peter's. He returned to his native Siena after the Sack of Rome where he was employed as architect to the Republic. For the Sienese he built new fortifications for the city and designed a remarkable dam on the Bruna River near Giuncarico. He seems to have moved back to Rome permanently by 1535
1507 Magdalena of Saxony Margravine of Brandenburg, its "Electoral Princess", the Electoral equivalent of a crown princess.
1543 John Casimir of the Palatinate-Simmern a German prince and a younger son of Frederick III, Elector Palatine. A firm Calvinist, he was a leader of mercenary troops in the religious wars of the time, including the Dutch Revolt. From 1583–1592 he acted as regent for his nephew, Elector Palatine Frederick IV
1547 Satake Yoshishige a Japanese daimyo of the Sengoku period. He was the 18th generation head of the Satake clan. He was renowned for his ferocity in battle; he was also known by the nickname of "Ogre Yoshishige". He often fought against the Late Hōjō clan, who were extending their power into southern Hitachi. One such encounter was the Battle of Numajiri, where 20,000 men under Yoshishige fought 80,000 Hojo troops. The Satake won, due in part to the use of over 8600 matchlock rifles by their troops
1556 Guillaume du Vair a French author and lawyer.
1558 Johann VII Duke of Mecklenburg a Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
1663 Tomaso Antonio Vitali an Italian composer and violinist from Bologna, the eldest son of Giovanni Battista Vitali. He is known mainly for a chaconne in G minor for violin and continuo, which was published from a manuscript in the Sächsische Landesbibliothek in Dresden in Die Hoch Schule des Violinspiels edited by German violinist Ferdinand David. That work's wide-ranging modulations into distant keys have raised speculation that it could not be a genuine baroque work
1670 Rainiero d'Elci an Italian Cardinal.
1671 Rob Roy MacGregor sometimes known as the Scottish Robin Hood.
1678 Filippo Juvarra an Italian architect and stage set designer, active in a late-Baroque style.
1679 Carl Gyllenborg a Swedish statesman and author.
1687 Jean Lebeuf a French historian.
1693 Pope Clement XIII Pope from 16 July 1758 to his death in 1769.
1707 Stephen Hopkins (politician) a governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, a Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. From a prominent Rhode Island family, Hopkins was a grandson of William Hopkins who served the colony for 40 years as Deputy, Assistant, Speaker of the House of Deputies, and Major. His great grandfather, Thomas Hopkins, was an original settler of Providence, sailing from England in 1635 with his first cousin, Benedict Arnold, who became the first governor of the Rhode Island colony under the Royal Charter of 1663
1715 Ephraim Williams a soldier from the Province of Massachusetts Bay who was killed in the French and Indian War. He was the benefactor of Williams College, located in northwestern Massachusetts. The school's athletic programs, the Ephs , are named after Williams
1715 Ewald Christian von Kleist a German poet and officer.
1727 André Morellet a French economist writer and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers. He was one of the last of the philosophes, and in this character he figures in many memoirs, such as those of Madame de Rémusat
1730 Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil a French aristocrat, diplomat, statesman and politician. He was the last Prime Minister of the Bourbon Monarchy, appointed by King Louis XVI only one hundred hours before the storming of the Bastille
1731 Friedrich Wilhelm von Leysser a German botanist who was a native of Magdeburg. He served as counsellor to the king of Prussia
1764 Pierre Marc Gaston de Lévis Duke of Lévis a French politician, aphorist and député to the National Constituent Assembly. His father was the first duke of Lévis, marshal Francis de Gaston. In 1816 he was elected to seat 6 of the Académie française. He is credited with the quotation "Boredom is an illness for which work is the remedy"
1765 Nicéphore Niépce a French inventor, now usually credited as the inventor of photography and a pioneer in that field. Niépce developed heliography, a technique he used to create the world's oldest surviving product of a photographic process: a print made from a photoengraved printing plate in 1825. In 1826 or 1827, he used a primitive camera to produce the oldest surviving photograph of a real-world scene. Among Niépce's other inventions was the Pyréolophore, the world's first internal combustion engine, which he conceived, created, and developed with his older brother Claude
1770 Gabriel Jean Joseph Molitor a Marshal of France.
1780 Alexandre Deschapelles a French chess player who, between the death of Philidor and the arrival of Louis de la Bourdonnais, was probably the strongest player in the world. He was considered the unofficial world champion from about 1800-1820
1781 Józef Zawadzki (publisher) a Polish pressman, publisher, typographer and bibliopolist, one of the most prominent Polish publisher in the 19th century. Bibliopolist of the Vilnius University and initiator of national bibliography. He published 851 books, mostly in Polish language, but also in Latin, Greek, Hebrew and Lithuanian
1782 Angelo Mai an Italian Cardinal and philologist. He won a European reputation for publishing for the first time a series of previously unknown ancient texts. These he was able to discover and publish, first while in charge of the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan and then in the same role at the Vatican Library. The texts were often in parchment palimpsests; he was able to read the lower text using chemicals such as Gallic acid. In particular he was able to locate a substantial portion of the long known of and much sought-after De re publica of Cicero
1782 Henryka Beyer a German painter active in Poland. The youngest sister of Wilhelm Henryk Minter, an architect
1785 Alessandro Manzoni an Italian poet and novelist. He is famous for the novel The Betrothed , generally ranked among the masterpieces of world literature. The novel is also a symbol of the Italian Risorgimento, both for its patriotic message and because it was a fundamental milestone in the development of the modern, unified Italian language
1788 Antoine César Becquerel a French scientist and a pioneer in the study of electric and luminescent phenomena.
1789 Michel Martin Drolling a neoclassic French painter, painter of history and portraitist.
1792 John Herschel an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, and experimental photographer, who in some years also did valuable botanical work. He was the son of Mary Baldwin and astronomer William Herschel and the father of twelve children
1793 Eduard von Bonin a Prussian general officer who served as Prussian Minister of War from 1852–54 and 1858-59.
1802 Edwin Henry Landseer an English painter, well known for his paintings of animals—particularly horses, dogs and stags. The best known of Landseer's works, however, are sculptures: the lions in Trafalgar Square, London
1807 Charles McNeill Gray served as Mayor of Chicago, Illinois for the Democratic Party.
1807 Count Franz Pocci a significant official in the court of King Ludwig the First of Bavaria. However, he is best known as the founding Director of the Munich Marionette Theatre, shadow puppeteer and author of countless puppet plays and children's stories
1807 Joseph Decaisne a French botanist and agronomist.
1808 Johann Kaspar Bluntschli a Swiss jurist and politician.
1809 Malbim a rabbi, master of Hebrew grammar, and Bible commentator.
1811 Increase A. Lapham an author, scientist, and naturalist.
1812 Giuseppe Ferrari (philosopher) an Italian philosopher, historian and politician.
1818 David Cassel a German historian and Jewish theologian.
1832 William Bertrand Busnach a French dramatist.
1833 Franz Wohlfahrt (composer) a violin teacher in Leipzig, Germany.
1835 Daniel Giraud Elliot an American zoologist.
1837 Onésime Reclus a French geographer who specialized in the relations between France and its colonies.
1837 Henry Draper an American doctor and amateur astronomer. He is best known today as a pioneer of astrophotography